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For Zarnas's English 9 Honors

Tone

Writer's attitude toward the material/reader

Rhythm

The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

Rhyme

The repetition of similar sounds at the end of lines and words

Rhyme Scheme

The pattern of rhymed line-endings arranged in a stanza

Meter

A rhythm of accented syllables organized into patterns

Verse

A line of poetry

Free verse

A verse that lacks rhythm or meter

Blank verse

Unrhymed iambic pentameter

Couplet

A pair of successive lines of verse

Quatrain

A stanza consisting of 4 lines

Setting

Time and place of any literary work

Speaker

The point of view in which the poem takes place

Iambic pentameter

10 syllables per line, accented every second beat. Often used in Shakespeare's work to express education and class

Satire

The use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices

Imagery

Adjectives and/or descriptions to help portray an image to the reader

Connotation

An association that comes along with a particular word

Denotation

The literal meaning of a word

Alliteration

The repetition of similar sounds at the beginning of words

Assonance

A pattern of similar vowel sounds

Consonance

A pattern of similar consonant sounds

Onomatopoeia

A word used to express a sound (ex. buzz, crack)

Conceit

Elaborate poetic comparison

Euphemism

A mild word or expression used to substitute for a harsh or blunt word

Hyperbole

An extreme exaggeration

Litotes

An understatement

Metaphor

A comparison of two unalike things

Simile

A comparison of two unalike things using the words like or as

Oxymoron

A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction

Paradox

A statement or proposition that leads to a conclusion that seems senseless, logically unacceptable, or self-contradictory

Personification

A literary term for giving an object human characteristics or qualities

Symbol

Something that represents or stands for another

Synecdoche

A figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa

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