Science Final

Created by gmcstravock 

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163 terms · Stupid science stuff just like we learned all year but all clumped into one Quizlet! Funn! Not! Btw, none of the comments are meant to be offensive... or maybe they are.

True

True or False: Luster is a test to identify a mineral.

True

True or False: Fracture is a test to identify a mineral.

True

True or False: Streak is a test to identify a mineral.

True

True or False: Hardness is a test to identify a mineral.

True

True or False: Density is a test to identify a mineral.

True

True or False: Cleavage is a test to identify a mineral.

False (though true is also an acceptable answer)

True or False: Smashing it into Mr. Gunby's head is a test to identify a mineral.

False (You could tell by smell but you're really supposed to waft it.)

True or False: Smell is a test to identify a mineral.

False (I mean, you could, but depending on what you ate, you might not be around to finish the taste test)

True or False: Eating is a test to identify a mineral.

False (though it would be nice...)

True or False: Burning on a pile of science textbooks is a test to identify a mineral.

True (that's the mineral's luster)

True or False: Observing how it reflects light is a test to identify a mineral.

True

True or False: Observing how it reacts to chemicals is a test to identify a mineral.

Crystalline Structure

The ___________ ___________ of a mineral is the way the atoms are arranged and it determines the outward shape of the mineral.

True

True or False: All minerals are natural.

True

True or False: All minerals are inorganic.

True

True or False: All minerals have a crystalline structure.

True

True or False: All minerals are solid.

False

True or False: All minerals are shiny.

False

True or False: All minerals were once living.

False

True or False: All minerals are not solid.

False

True or False: All minerals are rocks.

Igneous (Rock)

Melting and cooling have to do with the formation of which kind of rock?

Sedimentary (Rock)

Compaction and cementing have to do with the formation of which kind of rock?

Metamorphic (Rock)

Heat and pressure have to do with the formation of which kind of rock?

Igneous (Rock)

Granite is an example of which kind of rock?

Sedimentary (Rock)

Sandstone is an example of which kind of rock?

Metamorphic (Rock)

Marble is an example of which kind of rock?

Coarse

When magma cools slowly, (coarse/fine)-grained rock is formed.

Fine

When magma cools quickly, (coarse/fine)-grained rock is formed.

True

True or False: Each kind of rock can turn into the others depending on conditions.

Aftershocks

(Earthquakes/Aftershocks) are transverse waves.

Earthquakes

(Earthquakes/Aftershocks) are longitudinal waves.

Aftershocks

(Earthquakes/Aftershocks) are S-waves.

Earthquakes

(Earthquakes/Aftershocks) are P-waves.

Focus

The exact point (inside the earth) where the earthquake begins.

Epicenter

The point on the earth's surface directly above the place where the earthquake begins.

10 (times)

How many times greater is the amplitude of an earthquake with a magnitude of 5 on the Richter scale, compared to one with a magnitude of 6?

100 (times)

How many times greater is the amplitude of an earthquake with a magnitude of 3 on the Richter scale, compared to one with a magnitude of 5?

Magnitude

The Richter scale measures the _____________ of an earthquake.

32 (times)

How many times greater is the amount of energy released in an earthquake with a magnitude of 3 on the Richter scale, compared to one with a magnitude of 4?

True

True or False: Convergent is a type of boundary.

True

True or False: Divergent is a type of boundary.

True

True or False: Transform is a type of boundary.

False

True or False: Bivergent is a type of boundary.

False

True or False: Retransform is a type of boundary.

Collide

Convergent boundaries are when plates __________.

Separate

Divergent boundaries are when plates __________.

Pass

Transform boundaries are when plates __________.

Mountain(s)

When two continental plates collide, what is formed?

Volcanic Mountain(s)

When an oceanic and a continental plate collide, what is formed?

Volcanic Island(s), Ocean Trench(es)

When two oceanic plates collide, what is formed?

P-Wave

This is the primary wave in an earthquake. It is longitudinal and travels faster than the secondary wave.

S-Wave

This is the secondary wave in an earthquake. It is transverse and travels slower than the primary wave.

True

True or False: Mountains can be formed by convergent continental plates.

True (volcanic mountain)

True or False: Mountains can be formed by convergent oceanic and continental plates.

True (volcanic mountain)

True or False: Mountains can be formed by hotspots.

False (But I mean, who knows. Maybe they could)

True or False: Mountains can be formed by elephants.

False (though both have roots!)

True or False: Mountains can be formed by trees.

False (that forms trenches)

True or False: Mountains can be formed by convergent oceanic plates.

Basalt

What type of rock makes up the ocean floor?

False

True or False: Basalt is coarse-grained.

1

Step (?) of 3 in the formation of a volcano when plates collide: Magma forms from the oceanic crust melting in the process of subduction.

2

Step (?) of 3 in the formation of a volcano when plates collide: The magma then rises because it is less dense than the rock around it.

3

Step (?) of 3 in the formation of a volcano when plates collide: The magma burst out and cools to form a volcano.

Shield

_________ volcanoes have lava with a low viscosity (runny) and will be short and wide.

Composite

__________ volcanoes have very viscous lava (thick). They are tall and pointy and have eruptions of cinder or ash and lava.

Cinder Cone

_________ _______ volcanoes are loose cinder surrounding a vent. They don't get very tall.

Caldera

When land collapses into the magma chamber after a volcanic eruption, a _________ is formed.

A

Volcanoes with low viscosity lava will be A. short and wide, B. tall and pointy.

B

Volcanoes with high viscosity lava will be A. short and wide, B. tall and pointy.

False

True or False: it is just a myth that the continents were once connected.

Plate Tectonics

The idea that the continents move is based off of what?

Pangaea (Mr. Gunby spelled it Pangea. He's wrong. But would he admit it? Nooooooo.)

What is the name of the super continent that existed when all the current continents were one?

True

True or False: the continents look like if they were slid and rotated that they could fit together like a jigsaw puzzle.

moves in relation to a (stationary) reference point.

An object is in motion if it:

(Average) Speed

Distance traveled/time it took to travel that distance is the formula for what?

Direction

Velocity is like speed except it also has a _________.

Motion

A distance / time graph is used to graph what?

Acceleration

A distance - time graph or speed - time graph can be used to graph what?

Velocity

Acceleration is a change in __________.

Force

A ________ is a push or pull.

Greater (Force)

If two unequal forces are acting on an object, the object will move in the direction of the _________ force.

Friction

A resistance that forms between two objects when they are rubbed together.

True

True or False: the force two objects exert on one another affect the friction between them.

True

True or False: the roughness of the materials of the objects affects the friction between them.

False

True or False: the color of the objects affects the friction between them.

Mass(es) (and) distance

Gravitational force is affected by the objects' _________ and the __________ between them.

1

This is Newton's (#) Law: An object at rest will stay at rest unless an outside force is exerted on it. An object in motion will stay in motion unless an outside force is exerted on it.

2

This is Newton's (#) Law: Force, mass and acceleration are related by the formula F = MA.

3

This is Newton's (#) Law: Every action has an equal and opposite reaction.

Momentum (p=mv)

Mass • Velocity, or mv, it used to find what ????

9.8 m/s/s

When a student pushes Mr. Gunby out of an airplane without a parachute, he will accelerate at a rate of?

Centripetal

_______________ force is the force that keeps an object constantly falling and constantly changing direction as it orbits around earth.

Work

A force causes an object to move a distance. _____ is being done.

Work

Joules are the unit for ????

Direction, Distance, Force

What three factors do machines change to make work easier?

Mechanical Advantage

Output Work / Input Work is the formula for what?

Efficiency

(Output Work / Input Work) • 100 is the formula for what ????

Length of Ramp / Height of Ramp

Formula for MA of an inclined plane.

Length of Wedge / Width of Wedge

Formula for MA of a wedge.

Length Around Thread / Length of Screw

Formula for the MA of a screw.

1(st)

Which class of lever changes the direction of the input force and increases either force or distance. Its MA depends on the position of the fulcrum.

2(nd)

Which class of lever increases force but does not change the direction of the input force? The MA is always greater than 1.

3(rd)

Which class of lever increases distance but does not change the direction of the input force. Its MA is always less than 1.

1

MA of a fixed pulley:

2

MA of a movable pulley:

3

MA of a block and tackle:

Radius of Wheel / Radius of Axle

MA of a wheel and axle is found by:

True

True or False: you can find the IMA of a compound machine by dividing the final output by the initial input.

True

True or False: you can find the IMA of a compound machine by multiplying all of the IMA's of each simple machine in it together.

False

True or False: you can find the IMA of a compound machine dividing the initial IMA by the final IMA.

Potential Energy

Energy form based on what the object could do. The object is not moving.

Kinetic Energy

Energy based on an object's motion. Object is moving.

True

True or False: Nuclear Energy is a form of energy

True

True or False: Chemical Energy is a form of energy.

True

True or False: Thermal Energy is a form of energy.

True

True or False: Electrical Energy is a form of energy.

True

True or False: Electromagnetic energy is a form of energy.

True

True or False: Mechanical Energy is a form of energy.

False

True or False: Optic Energy is a form of energy.

False (well technically false but I'd take true on this one too)

True or False: Frauwinslowthehypergermanteacher Energy is a form of energy.

False

True or False: Scent Energy is a form of energy.

(The) Law of Conservation of Energy

This states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed.

Static Electricity

The build up of electrons on an object.

Static Discharge

The loss of static electricity as charges transfer from one object to another.

Conductors

(Conductors/Insulators) have freely flowing electrons.

Conductors

(Conductors/Insulators) tend to be metals, such as copper.

Insulator

Rubber is an example of a (Conductor/Insulator)

Series

If one bulb goes out in a (series/parallel) circuit, they all go out.

Series

There is only one path for the current to follow in a (series/parallel) circuit.

Series

In a (series/parallel) circuit, when more bulbs are added, they get dimmer.

Series

When more bulbs are added in a (series/parallel) circuit, the current decreases.

Parallel

In a (series/parallel) circuit, when more bulbs are added, the resistance decreases.

Parallel

In a (series/parallel) circuit, when you take one bulb out, the others stay lit.

Parallel

In a (series/parallel) circuit, there are multiple paths for the current to take.

A

Charges flow because of:
A. Differences in electric potential energy
B. Similar Voltages
C. Resistance

Least

Current takes the path of (least/greatest/either least or greatest) resistance

Contain, Attract

Magnets ______ iron and _______ iron.

False

True or False: Like poles on magnets attract.

True

True or False: Opposite poles on magnets attract.

At its poles

Where is a magnet the strongest?

Magnetic Field

The area where a magnet exerts its force is called a????

Electrical (into) Mechanical

A generator turns mechanical energy into electrical energy. An electric motor turns ____________ energy into ____________ energy

Changes Direction

Direct Current goes in one direction. (ONE DIRECTION!!!!) Alternating current ??????

(the) Doppler Effect

What is it called when the pitch you hear changes because of your position in relation to the source of the sound?

Higher

In front of a moving source of sound, the frequency would be (higher/lower).

Lower

Behind a moving source of sound, the frequency would be (higher/lower).

Frequency, Amplitude

The ___________ of a wave affects its pitch. The _________ affects its loudness.

More

The closer you are to a sound, the (more/less) intense it is.

See More

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