the longest river in the world, which empties into the Mediterranean Sea in northeast Egypt
rapids along a river, such as those along the Nile in Egypt
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of human actions like excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree cutting.
the African region along the southern border of the Sahara
early civilization that established hierogyphic writing system, had a basic agricultural system and polytheistic belief, and whose culture depended on the annual flooding of the Nile as the basis for a sustained economy
"gift of the nile"
Refers to how the Nile River helped the Egyptians. It gave them protection, transportation, and food.
embalmment and drying a dead body and wrapping it as a mummy
monumental architecture typical of Old Kingdom Egypt; used as burial sites for pharaohs.
an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
relating to ordinary people
monotheistic pharaoh, means "he who serves Aton"
cult of osiris
The Egyptians believed firmly in life after death and according to them, there were three forms in which spirits existed.The story of Osiris is a description of the cycle of nature and its fertility. It was because of the legend of Osiris that Egyptians believed they had the right to be transformed and to live in the afterlife.
East African trading empire that developed south of Egypt on the Nile River
role of women in egypt
Equal rights, could posess private property, enter into contracts, could free slaves
used by nubians and no one can understand it now, it is based on sounds rather than ideas
an ancient nubian kingdom whose rulers contolled egypt between 2000 and 1000 B.C.
the people who invaded Egypt thus beginning the second Intermediate period during which the Hyksos ( a word meaning "foreigner) ruled as pharaohs in Lower Egypt and exacted tribute from the royal families in Thebes.
red sea, mediterranean sea
the movement of the bantu peoples southward throghout africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000