Adv. English 9 Final Review
|Alliteration|| The repetition of initial sounds|
ex. It was a fantastic fragrant flower.
|Allusion|| A reference to a particular, specific person, place, thing, or event (a proper noun)|
ex. Jack is as honest as Abe Lincoln.
|Aside|| A remark spoken in an undertone by one character to another or to the audience that no one else hears|
ex. I whisper to my daughter while sitting in the living room with my family, "I got Daddy a watch for his birthday."
|Body Paragraphs||The part of an essay or report that explains/develops the main idea (or thesis)|
|Claim||States your position on the issue you have chosen to write about|
|Couplet|| A unit of verse consisting of two successive lines, usually rhyming and having the same meter and often forming a complete thought or syntactic unit|
ex. But if thou live, remember'd not to be, Die single and thine image dies with thee.- Shakespeare
|Data||The evidence which you sight to support your claim. Like a lawyer presenting evidence to a jury, you must support your claim with facts; an unsupported claim is merely an assertion|
|Dialect|| A particular form of a language that is particular to a specific region or special group|
ex. Are y'all goin' down to the crick today?
|Dramatic Irony|| When a reader knows more about what is really happening in the story than the characters do|
ex. I know something you don't know.
|Flashback||A transition (in literary or theatrical works/films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story|
|Foreshadowing||The warning or indication of a future event|
|Iambic Pentameter||A meter (the rhythm) in poetry. Iambic means the stress is on the second syllable: an example is the word good-bye. Pentameter shows us that each line has 5 iams or feet (a group of two syllables, adding up to 10 syllables a line). Stressed syllables are usually the same as they would be in normal speech; for example to/mor/row, we would stress tomorrow on the second syllable|
-da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM
ex. "RIght glad I am that he was not at this fray." ~Romeo and Juliet
|Intro Paragraph||The opening of an essay or speech, which typically identifies the topic, arouses interest and prepares the audience for the development of the thesis|
|Irony||Contrast between what is expected or what appears to be and what it actually is|
|Metaphor|| A figure of speech using one thing or idea to describe another; an implied comparison between two unlike things, not using 'like' or 'as'|
ex. Her hands were a block of ice; heart of stone, "Love is a smoke made with the fume of sighs..." ~Romeo and Juliet
|Narrative||A story or account of events, experiences, or the like, whether true or fictitious|
|Oxymoron|| A figure of speech where two contradictory words come together to form a description that makes sense|
ex. The vegetables had freezer burn.
|Personification|| A metaphor in which human characteristics were assigned to non-human things, or life is attributed to objects|
ex. The sun smiled down on me.
|Plot||Also called the storyline. The plan, scheme, or main story of a literary or dramatic work, as a play, novel, or short story|
|Point of View (POV)||The position of the character in relation to the story, as indicated by the narrator's outlook from which the events are depicted and by the attitude toward the characters|
|Prologue||An introductory speech, often in verse, calling attention to the theme of a play; an introductory scene, proceeding the first act of a play, opera, etc.|
|Prose||The ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse|
|Pun|| A play on words based on the similarity of a sound or the different meanings of one word|
ex. He got a job at an orange juice factory, but he was canned.
|Simile|| A comparison using 'like' or 'as'|
ex. It was as tall as a tree.
|Soliloquy||An utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present (often used as a device in drama to disclose a character's innermost thoughts)|
|Sonnet||A poem, properly expressive of a single, complete thought, idea, or sentimentof 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with ryhmes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes, being in the strict or Italian form divided into a major group of 8 lines (the octave) followed by a minor group of 6 lines (the sestet), and in a common English form into 3 quatrains followed by a couplet|
|Symbolism|| Words that symbolize a meaning using an object to represent an idea.|
ex. A heart symbolizes love.
|Theme||The message within the story/poem/movie; Central idea of a literary work|
|Thesis Statement||A short statement, usually one sentence, that sumarizes the main point or claim of an essay, research paper, etc., and is developed, supported, and explained in the text by means of examples and evidence|
|Topic Sentence||A sentence that expresses the essential idea of a paragraph or longer selection, usually appearing at the beginning|
|Transition||A sentence, passage, etc. that connects a topic to one that follows or that links sections of written work|
|Warrant||Interprets the data and shows how it supports your claim; explains why the data proves the claim|