5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Henry Kissinger
- National Organization for Women
- Fair Deal
- Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
- a The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was a joint resolution of the U.S. Congress passed on August 7, 1964 in direct response to a minor naval engagement known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. It is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military force in Southeast Asia.
- b The main negotiator of the peace treaty with the North Vietnamese; secretary of state during Nixon's presidency (1970s).
- c An economic extension of the New Deal proposed by Harry Truman that called for higher minimum wage, housing and full employment. It led only to the Housing Act of 1949 and the Social Security Act of 1950 due to opposition in congress.
- d The term associated with Senator Joseph McCarthy who led the search for communists in America during the early 1950s through his leadership in the House Un-American Activities Committee.
- e Founded in 1966, the National Organization for Women (NOW) called for equal employment opportunity and equal pay for women. NOW also championed the legalization of abortion and passage of an equal rights amendment to the Constitution.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Japan's last defensive outpost, 1,900 kamikaze pilots used in this battle, ends on June 22nd 1945. It was used as a forecast for what an invasion of the mainland would be like.
- The 1973 Supreme Court decision holding that a state ban on all abortions was unconstitutional. The decision forbade state control over abortions during the first trimester of pregnancy, permitted states to limit abortions to protect the mother's health in the second trimester, and permitted states to protect the fetus during the third trimester.
- Constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
- Alabama city against equal rights; peaceful marches in 1963 were broken up brutally by city police.
- He was a Democrat who ran for president in 1968 promoting civil rights and other equality based ideals. He was ultimately assassinated in 1968, leaving Nixon to take the presidency but instilling hope in many Americans.
5 True/False Questions
Ngo Dinh Diem → South Vietnamese president that was catholic and strongly opposed communism. His poor leadership and corrupt government spelled doom
New Feminism → New wave of women's rights agitation dating from 1949; emphasized more literal equality that would play down domestic roles and qualities for women; promoted specific reforms and redefinition of what it meant to be female
General Dwight D. Eisenhower → Led the allied invasion of North Africa and planned and executed the D-Day invasion at Normandy and the battle of the bulge
The Other America → Series of domestic initiatives announced in 1964 by LBJ to "end poverty and racial injustice." They included the Voting Rights Act of 1965, est of the Dept of Housing and Urban Development, Head Start, job-training programs, Medicare and Medicaid expansion, and various community action programs
Cuban Missile Crisis → An international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later.