Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The lipid-soluble vitamins

ADEK

The water-soluble vitamins

B group, C

Which vitamins have toxic levels?

Lipid solubles & B3

Vit with teratogenic effects at 3-4X RDA

Vit A

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ nightblindness, keratinazation & impaired immunity

Vit A

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hair loss, hemorrhage, osteoporosis/fractures & teratogenesis

Vit A

What is xerophthalmia? What vit is it assoc'd with?

-Keratinization of the cornea->
clouding & blindness
-Vit A deficiency

The one food likely to cause hypervitaminosis A

Liver

Vit A precursor found in diet

Beta carotene

The antioxidant vitamin

Vit E

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ RBC lysis & neuron damage

Vit E

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ hemorrhage in smokers or ASA & warfarin use

Vit E

Vit required to synthesize Coagulation Factors 2, 7, 9, 10; Anticoagulation factors C & S

Vit K

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Factor related hemorrhage & deficient bone formation

Vit K

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ disruption of warfarin dosing

Vit K

Vit needed for collagen synthesis, iron absorption. Also oxidizes Vit E to working form

Vit C

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ scurvy, bleeding gums & pinpoint hemorrhages

Vit C

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ aggravation of gout & nephrolithiasis

Vit C

What vitamin is assoc'd with macular degeneration?

Vit A deficiency

Vitamin whose precursor is cholesterol

Vit D

Vitamin required for mineralization of bone and teeth

Vit D

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Rickets & osteomalacia

Vit D

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ calcification of cardiac tissue, vessels; nephrolithiasis, retardation of offspring

Vit D

Name for Vit B1

Thiamin

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome

B1 (Thiamin)

S/s of Vit B1 deficiency

Muscle wasting, cardiomegaly, short-term memory loss & confusion, nerve conduction deficits

Name for Vit B2

Riboflavin

Coenzymes derived from B2

FAD, FADP

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ cracked skin, rashes, photosensitivity, inflamed tongue

B2 (Riboflavin)

Name for Vit B3

Niacin

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Pellagra. S/s?

B3 (niacin)
S/s: 4 D's-> Diarrhea, Dermatitis, Dementia, Death

Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hives/rash, hyperhidrosis, impaired GLU tolerance

B3 (Niacin)
(Hives from Monster drinks)

Name for Vit B5

Pantothenate (Remember PENT-othenate)

Vit used to produce Coenzyme A

B5 (Pantothenate)

Name for Vit B6

Pyridoxine

Vit that converts tryptophan to niacin (B3) and Serotonin (5HT); used in Hb synthesis & hydrolysis of glycogen

B6 (Pyridoxine)

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ anemia, convulsions & development of fetal nervous system

B6 (Pyridoxine)

Name for Vit B7

Biotin

Vit sometimes called Vit H

B7 (Biotin)

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ alopecia, conjunctivitis and dermatitis

B7 (Biotin)

Vit that can reduce fasting glucose levels by 50% in DM2

B7 (Biotin)

Name for Vit B9

Folate

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ inherited neural tube defects and anaemia

B9 (Folate)

Vitamin targeted by numerous cancer therapies because of its involvement in DNA synthesis

B9 (Folate)

Name for Vit B12

Cobalamin

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ pernicious anaemia

B12 (Cobalamin)

Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ fatigue, memory loss, nerve degeneration -> paralysis

B12 (Cobalamin)

What don't I care about enough to make flashcards for?

All those freaking sources for vitamins.
Sorry about that . . .

The "major" B Vitamin Mnemonic

The Right Nutrients Produce Frolicky Children
Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine, Folate, Cobalamin

The "complete" B Vitamin Mnemonic

Theo's Resistance Nearly Proved Permanent, But Finally Caved in Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenate, Pyridoxine, Biotin, Folate, Cobalamin

Coenzymes derived from Vit B3

NAD, NADP

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set