The lipid-soluble vitamins
The water-soluble vitamins
B group, C
Which vitamins have toxic levels?
Lipid solubles & B3
Vit with teratogenic effects at 3-4X RDA
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ nightblindness, keratinazation & impaired immunity
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hair loss, hemorrhage, osteoporosis/fractures & teratogenesis
What is xerophthalmia? What vit is it assoc'd with?
-Keratinization of the cornea->
clouding & blindness
-Vit A deficiency
The one food likely to cause hypervitaminosis A
Vit A precursor found in diet
The antioxidant vitamin
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ RBC lysis & neuron damage
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ hemorrhage in smokers or ASA & warfarin use
Vit required to synthesize Coagulation Factors 2, 7, 9, 10; Anticoagulation factors C & S
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Factor related hemorrhage & deficient bone formation
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ disruption of warfarin dosing
Vit needed for collagen synthesis, iron absorption. Also oxidizes Vit E to working form
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ scurvy, bleeding gums & pinpoint hemorrhages
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ aggravation of gout & nephrolithiasis
What vitamin is assoc'd with macular degeneration?
Vit A deficiency
Vitamin whose precursor is cholesterol
Vitamin required for mineralization of bone and teeth
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Rickets & osteomalacia
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ calcification of cardiac tissue, vessels; nephrolithiasis, retardation of offspring
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
S/s of Vit B1 deficiency
Muscle wasting, cardiomegaly, short-term memory loss & confusion, nerve conduction deficits
Name for Vit B2
Coenzymes derived from B2
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ cracked skin, rashes, photosensitivity, inflamed tongue
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ Pellagra. S/s?
S/s: 4 D's-> Diarrhea, Dermatitis, Dementia, Death
Vit toxicity assoc'd w/ Hives/rash, hyperhidrosis, impaired GLU tolerance
(Hives from Monster drinks)
Name for Vit B5
Pantothenate (Remember PENT-othenate)
Vit used to produce Coenzyme A
Name for Vit B6
Vit that converts tryptophan to niacin (B3) and Serotonin (5HT); used in Hb synthesis & hydrolysis of glycogen
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ anemia, convulsions & development of fetal nervous system
Vit sometimes called Vit H
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ alopecia, conjunctivitis and dermatitis
Vit that can reduce fasting glucose levels by 50% in DM2
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ inherited neural tube defects and anaemia
Vitamin targeted by numerous cancer therapies because of its involvement in DNA synthesis
Name for Vit B12
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ pernicious anaemia
Vit deficiency assoc'd w/ fatigue, memory loss, nerve degeneration -> paralysis
What don't I care about enough to make flashcards for?
All those freaking sources for vitamins.
Sorry about that . . .
The "major" B Vitamin Mnemonic
The Right Nutrients Produce Frolicky Children
Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pyridoxine, Folate, Cobalamin
The "complete" B Vitamin Mnemonic
Theo's Resistance Nearly Proved Permanent, But Finally Caved in Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenate, Pyridoxine, Biotin, Folate, Cobalamin
Coenzymes derived from Vit B3
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.