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Nucleus

Controls cell activities, contains DNA (genetic information)

Nucleolus

Located inside of nucleus, produces ribosomes

Ribosome

Where proteins are made, most numerous organelle

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

Site of protein synthesis, has ribosomes attached to it

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

Has no ribosomes in its membrane, synthesizes lipids and proteins

Golgi Apparatus

stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum

Lysosome

a cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes, only in animal cells

Nuclear Membrane

controls what goes in and out of the nucleus

Cilia & Flagella

Hair-like structures found in animal cells that assist in movement

Centrioles

Organelles that assist in cell division, only in animal cells

Chloroplast

Traps solar energy and converts it to glucose in the process of photosynthesis, only in plants

Mitochondria

Also called the powerhouse of the cell, converts (breaks down) glucose into useable energy

Vacuole

Stores food, water and digestive enzymes

Cell Wall

strong wall outside a plant cell's plasma membrane that protects the cell and maintains its shape

Cytoplasm

a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended, provides support to the cell

Cell (Plasma) Membrane

Controls what enters and exits the cell, double layer of lipids, essential for maintaining homeostasis

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