Parasites of Dogs and Cats: Arthropods

Created by spettis89 

Upgrade to
remove ads

117 terms · Exam II

Cuterebra spp:
Taxonomy

-Class: Insecta
-Order: Diptera
-Family: Oestridae
-Genus species: Cuterebra spp.
-Common Name: Rodent bot fly, rabbit bot fly, New World skin bot flies

Cuterebra spp:
Hosts

-Principal Hosts: Rabbits and rodents
-Other Hosts: Dogs, cats, squirrels and chipmunks
-Zoonosis

Cuterebra spp:
Identification

-Adults: large, stout bodies, bee-like, do not feed, mouthparts are vestigial
-Third Stage: 2-4cm long, dark brown, covered with black spines

Cuterebra spp:
Life Cycle

-Female lay eggs along rabbit runs and near rodent burrows
-Host brushes past and first stage larva (infective) hatch instantaneously and crawl immediately into the host's fur
-larvae enter host through the skin or natural body openings and migrate to a subcutaneous site where it develop to a third stage larva in a month
-Larvae emerge through a hole in the skin, drop into the soil and pupate
-Adults emerge in spring, copulate and lay eggs

Cuterebra spp:
Sites of Infection

-Subcutaenous connective tissue of cats and dogs (Aug-Oct)
-Though not common, can also locate in nasal and oral regions and migrate to the brain with fatal results

Cuterebra spp:
Pathogenesis and Lesions

-Fibrotic cysts forms from the larva in subcutaneous tissue
-Migration of larvae in cat brain leads to infarction and feline ischemic encephalopathy

Cuterebra spp:
Clinical Signs

Seasonally, dog or cat presents with a lump in neck or legs or fur is constantly wet and a hole drips clear fluid

Cuterebra spp:
Diagnosis

-Color and spines of thirs stage larvae together with season
-Larvae can be removed by enlarging its breathing hole and carefully removing with forceps (without crushing)
-Crushing lead to Type 1 hypersensitivity reaction
-Wound heals slowly, because of secondary bacterial growth or leakage of Cuterebrae antigens

Cuterebra spp:
Treatment and Prevention

-MCL heartworm prevention
-Imidacloprid
-Fipronil

Culicidae:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Insecta
-Order: Diptera
-Family: Culicidae
-Common Name: Mosquitoes

Culicidae:
Identification

-One pair of wings and 1 pair of halteres
-Legs are thin and long
-Complex mouth parts form a long proboscis which projects forward into a thin tube
-Antennae as long as proboscis
-Palps may be short or long

Culicidae:
Pathogenesis and Lesions

-Transmits diseases and many other pathogens, particularly viruses to humans and domestic animals
-Domestic animals: Rift valley fever, EEE, heartworm of dogs and other filarial nematodes and biting stress
-Humans: malaria, filariasis, yellow fever, dengue, encephalitis, Rift valley fever and biting stress

General Characteristics of Suborder Ischnocera (Mallophaga)

-Biting, chewing lice
-Wide mandible mouthparts
-Feed on skin, hair, feathers, other organic material
-3mm, yellow
-Rapid movement to move over skin and covering
-Often bird lice

General Characteristics of Suborder Anoplura

-Bloodsucking lice, more pathogenic
-Pointed nose
-Large, 3-5mm
-Dark blue, depending on amount of blood ingested
-Slow moving
-Clasping hair shaft
-Lice of mammals

Trichodectes canis:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Insecta
-Order: Phthiraptera
-Suborder: Ischnocera
-Genus species: Trichodectes canis
-Common Name: Dog Biting Louse or Canine Chewing Louse

Trichodectes canis:
Hosts

Dogs

Trichodectes canis:
Adult Identification

-Wingless
-1.9mm long
-Head as broad or broader than thorax with biting mouthparts
-Yellowish

Trichodectes canis:
Nymph Identification

-Similar to adult, but smaller

Trichodectes canis:
Egg (or Nits) Identification

-Elongated
-Operculated
-Whitish
-Easily noticed

Trichodectes canis:
Life Cycle

-Females lay whitish eggs ("nits"), which develop to adults in a month
-Eggs hatch to nymphs and after 3 molts fully grown adults are present
-Requires the host to complete life complete
-Lice are active on host

Trichodectes canis:
Sites of Infection

-Hair
-Skin

Trichodectes canis:
Pathogenesis and Lesions

-Vector of Dipylidium caninum
-Heavy infections of lice found in animals neglected and underfed
-Young are most affected

Trichodectes canis:
Clinical Signs

-Causes pruritus
-Dog scratches causing self inflicted injury, loss of hair
-In heavy combined infestations (w/ Linognathus) anemia can occur
-Dogs are restless and scratch continuously

Trichodectes canis:
Diagnosis

Identification of louse

Trichodectes canis:
Treatment and Prevention

-Transmission by direct contact with brushes, combs and blankets
-Appropriate insecticides are carbaryl-containing shampoo, spray or dip

Linognathus setosus:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Insecta
-Order: Phthiraptera
-Suborder: Anoplura
-Family: Linognathidae
-Genus species: Linognathus setosus
-Common Name: Dog Sucking Louse

Linognathus setosus:
Hosts

Dogs

Linognathus setosus:
Adult Identification

-Wingless
-3-5mm long
-Dorsoventrally flattened
-Slate grey
-Head narrower than the thorax
-Sucking mouthparts

Linognathus setosus:
Nymph Identification

-Similar to adult, but smaller

Linognathus setosus:
Louse Identification

-Long nosed
-Bluish black

Linognathus setosus:
Eggs (or Nits) Identification

-Elongated
-Operculated
-Whitish (but are often dark blue if fully fed)
-Less easy to see on hair
-Piercing mouthparts (feed on blood)

Linognathus setosus:
Life Cycle

-Similar to Trichodectes canis
-Female attach eggs to hair, which develop to adults in a mouth
-Egg hatches to nymphs, and after 3 molts fully grown adults are present
-Requires a host to complete life cycle
-Nymphs and adults can live off their hosts for only a few hours
-Whole cycle is 2-4 weeks

Linognathus setosus:
Sites of Infection

Skin

Linognathus setosus:
Pathogenesis and Lesions

Heavy infestation can cause severe anemia

Linognathus setosus:
Clinical Signs

Loss of body condition and damage to skin

Linognathus setosus:
Diagnosis

Louse identification

Linognathus setosus:
Treatment and Prevention

-Transmission is by direct contact with brushes, combs and blankets
-Appropriate insecticides are carbaryl-containing shampoo, spray or dip

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Insecta
-Order: Siphonaptera
-Family: Pulicidae
-Genus species: Ctenocephalides felis and canis
-Common Name: Cat flea and Dog flea

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Hosts

-Dogs and cats
-Wide range of other hosts if dogs or cats are not available

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Adult Identification

-Dark brown
-Wingless insects
-3mm long
-Laterally compressed bodies which have a glossy surface allowing easy movement through hairs, long legs, pronotal ctenidia or combs
-Piercing sucking mouthparts

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Larva Identification

-Worm-like
-5mm long
-Body segmented
-Chewing mouthparts feeding on organic debris, including the blood in the feces of adult fleas

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Pupa Identification

-White
-5mm
-Color dependent on the adherent debris in the environment

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Egg Identification

-Oval
-Pearly white
-0.5mm

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Life Cycles

-Both sexes are bloodsuckers and adults are parasitic
-Eggs are laid on the host and fall to the surrounding environment
-Three larval stages are maggot-like with chewing mouthparts
-Larvae prefer secluded dark areas, such as the base of the pile of thick carpets and carpeted or dirt floor basements
-The 3rd larva spins a cocoon and becomes a pupa, and an adult emerges
-Pre-emerged adults are stimulated to emerge from the cocoon when there are vibrations in the area
-They are stimulated by cues, which include, visual, thermal, carbon dioxide and air currents
-Once on a host, adult fleas are permanent residents
-Direct transfer of fleas from host to hos is limited and animals acquire fleas primarily from infested environs
-Fleas feed on blood within 5 minutes of arriving on a host
-Mating occurs after feeding and egg production is within 24-48 hours after first blood meal

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Optimum Conditions

-18-27 degrees Celsius and >70% relative humidity
-None of the flea stages can survive freezing, temperatures above 35 degrees C or relative humidity <50%

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
How Long Do They Survive?

-Pre-emerged fleas can survive 30 weeks
-Newly emerged unfed adult fleas can survive for 2 weeks before finding their first blood meal
-Adult fleas on the cat or dog can survive for 100 days but once they leave their host will die in 2-4 days
-Egg-adult 20-30 day
-The complete life cycle can extend up to 1-2 years

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Sites of Infection

-Skin
-Back
-Ventral abdomen
-Inner thighs

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Pathogenesis and Lesions/Clinical Signs

-Flea bite allergy dermatitis refers to a condition in which animals may be asymptomatic, experience occasional scratching or be highly allergic with an intense pruritus and dermatitis
-Large numbers of fleas can produce severe pruritus, alopecia and anemia
-Irritation to fleas is most likely due to frequent bites and the injection of proteolytic enzymes and histamine-like substances into their hosts
-Hypersensitivity with varying degrees of pruritis and chewing, licking and scratching
-All dogs are susceptible to these conditions

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Vectors

-Viruses
-Bacteria (Bartonella henselae)
-Tapeworms

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Diagnosis

Presence of fleas, flea feces and blood on host and in bedding

Ctenocephalides felis and Ctenocephalides canis:
Treatment and Prevention

-Requires breaking the life cycle strategically in several places
-Numerous insecticides are available for application on the animal and to the environment
-Not all insecticides treat all life cycle stages
-Environment control

Reduviidae:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Insecta
-Order: Hemiptera
-Family: Reduviidae
-Common Name: Assassin bugs or kissing bugs

Reduviidae:
Hosts

-Many animals
-Humans (painful bites)

Reduviidae:
Identification

-18mm in length
-2 pairs of wings
-Mouthparts have 3 segmented beaks designed for piercing and blood sucking
-Triangular shield between the wing bases
-Able to feed painlessly on their hosts, but often inflict painful bites

Cimicidae:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Insecta
-Order: Hemiptera
-Family: Cimicidae
-Common Name: Bed Bugs

Cimicidae:
Hosts

-Many animals
-Humans

Cimicidae:
Identification

-5-7mm in length
-Wingless
-Mouthparts have 3 segmented beaks designed for piercing and blood sucking
-Triangular shield between the wing bases
-Able to feed painlessly on their hosts

Comparison of Reduviids and Cimicids

Reduviids
-Painful bites
-Have mouthparts designed to pierce and suck blood
-Transmit Trypanosoma cruzi
-Allergic reactions at site of bite (skin)
Cimicids
-Painless bites, until later after feeding
-Have mouthparts designed to pierce and suck blood
-Does not transmit disease
-Allergic reactions at site of bite (skin)

Ixodes spp:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Arachnida
-Order: Acari
-Family: Ixodidae
-Genus spp: Ixodes spp.
-Common Names: Black-legged tick or deer tick, Western black-legged tick, European sheep tick, hedgehog tick, British dog tick, Australian and South African paralysis ticks

Ixodes spp:
Hosts

-All mammals
-Birds
-Humans
-Larvae and nymphs of some species feed on mice and the adults on deer
-All stages may occur on other animals
-Each species may have preferred hosts

Ixodes spp:
Adult Identification

-Dark brown, small ticks
-4mm when unfed, 10mm females when fed
-Scutum is inornate
-No eyes or festoons
-Palps are long
-Anal groove forms an arch anterior to the anus
-Ventral surface of male almost entirely covered with a series of plates
-4 pairs of legs

Ixodes spp:
Life Cycle

-3 Host tick
-Eggs hatch to larvae
-Larvae attach to host 1, feed, drop off and molt
-Nymphs attach to 2nd host, feed, drop off and molt
-Adult attach to 3rd host, feed, drop off
-Females lay eggs in secluded places and die
-2 hosts can be same animal or species or other species
-2-4 year life cycle
-Adult females engorge in fall, overwinter and lay eggs in spring
-Development takes longer if any stage can't find a host

Ixodes spp:
Sites of Infection

-Skin
-All over body esp. axilla, inguinal region, face and ears

Ixodes spp:
Pathogenesis and Lesions

-Causes paralysis in many hosts
-Local skin reactions to bites
-Transmit viral, protozoal and other infectious diseases including Lime disease
-Ehrlichia
-Tick worry
-Entry point for bacterial disease

Ixodes spp:
Diagnosis

Engorged females seen easily

Ixodes spp:
Treatment and Prevention

-Topical products: synthetic pyrethroids (not on cats)
-Insecticide collars
-Spraying environment

Dermacentor spp:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Arachnida
-Order: Acari
-Family: Ixodidae
-Genus spp: Dermacentor spp
-Common Names: American dog tick, Rocky Mountain wood tick, Winter tick or elk tick, Tropical horse tick

Dermacentor spp:
Hosts

-Larvae and nymphs feed on small rodents and other small mammals
-Adults feed on dogs, humans, horses, cattle, wildlife
-Will infest cats and humans

Dermacentor spp:
Adult Identification

-Pale brown to gray
-Medium size ticks
-6mm when unfed and fed females are 15mm
-Scutum is ornate with festoons
-Palps are short
-Basis capituli is rectangular

Dermacentor spp:
Life Cycle

-3 host ticks
-Eggs hatch to larvae
-Larvae attach to host 1, feed, drop off and molt
-Nymphs attach to 2nd host, feed, drop off and molt
-Adult attach to 3rd host, feed, drop off
-Larvae and nymphs feed on rodents and adults feed on dogs and larger mammals
-Egg to adult may take several months to years
-Females lay eggs in secluded places and die

Dermacentor spp:
Sites of Infection

Skin around head and neck

Dermacentor spp:
Pathogenesis and Lesions

-Most common tick on dogs in most of N. America
-Transmits RMSF in dogs and humans caused by Rickettsia rickettsi, Q fever and tularemia
-Transmits Babesia species to dogs and horses
-Tick paralysis in dogs, cats and cattle

Dermacentor spp:
Diagnosis

Identification of tick

Dermacentor spp:
Treatment and Prevention

-Fipronil
-Topical products: synthetic pyrethroids (not on cats)
-Insecticide collars
-Spraying environment

Rhipicephalus sanguineus:
Taxonomy

-Class: Arachnida
-Order: Acari
-Family: Ixodidae
-Genus spp: DRhipicephalus sanguineus
-Common Names: Brown dog tick or kennel tick, Brown ear tick, Red-legged tick

Rhipicephalus sanguineus:
Hosts

-Dogs and humans
-Will feed on cats, if in same househol

Rhipicephalus sanguineus:
Adult Identification

-Yellow, sometimes reddish or blackish brown
-Medium size ticks
-5mm when unfed and 12mm when fed females
-Scutum is inornate with festoons
-Short palps
-Basis capituli is hexagonal

Rhipicephalus sanguineus:
Life Cycle

-3 host ticks
-Eggs hatch to larvae
-Larvae attach to host 1, feed, drop off and molt
-Nymphs attach to 2nd host, feed, drop off and molt
-Adult attach to 3rd host, feed, drop off
-Adults copulate
-Fertilized females lay eggs in secluded places outdoors and indoors and die
-Eggs develop to larvae
-Has adpated to clinics, kennels and homes
-Feed primarily on dogs
-Egg to adult takes 2 months
-Unfed adults can survive for well over a year
-Tick can't tolerate freezing but has adapted to modern indoor living extremely successfully

Rhipicephalus sanguineus:
Sites of Infection

-Skin
-Adults prefer skin between toes and ears
-Larvae and nymphs often at the back of neck

Rhipicephalus sanguineus:
Pathogenesis and Lesions

-Most common in Southern US
-Transmits Babesia canis and Ehrlichia canis, an agent of canine monocytic ehrlichiosis and RMSF
-Transmits many other protozoal, viral and rickettsial organisms of animals and humans
-Transmits Hepatozoon canis which occurs outside the US

Rhipicephalus sanguineus:
Diagnosis

Identification of tick

Rhipicephalus sanguineus:
Treatment and Prevention

-Amitraz tick collar
-Topical products: synthetic pyrethroids (not on cats)
-Insecticide collars
-Spraying environment

Sarcoptes scabiei:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Arachnida
-Order: Acari
-Suborder: Astigmata
-Family: Sarcoptidae
-Genus species: Sarcoptes scabiei
-Common Name: Sarcoptic mange mite, itch mite, scabies mite

Sarcoptes scabiei:
Hosts

-All domestic animals
-Humans
-Rare in cats
-Each host has its own strain
-HIghly contagious in dogs
-Zoonotic: animal to human infestation

Sarcoptes scabiei:
Adult Identification

-Round, 500um in diameter
-Short legs with 2 anterior pairs extending beyond the margin of the body
-Female has suckers on long unsegmented stalks on pairs 1 and 2
-Male has suckers on long unsegmented stalks on pairs 1, 2 and 4

Sarcoptes scabiei:
Life Cycle

-Fertilized female creates a winding burrow or tunnel in upper layers of epidermis, feeding on liquid oozing from damaged tissues
-Eggs laid in tunnels, hatch in 3-5 days to larvae that crawl on the skin surface
-Larvae burrow and form "molting pockets" where nymphs and adults develop
-All stages tunnel in epidermis, resurface and burrow again
-Adult male emerges and seeks female
-After fertilization females produce new tunnels

Sarcoptes scabiei:
PPP

17-21 days

Sarcoptes scabiei:
Sites of Infection

Skin

Sarcoptes scabiei:
Pathogenesis and Lesion

-Erthema
-Scale
-Crust formation

Sarcoptes scabiei:
Clinical Signs

-Begins on relatively hairless areas of body
-Lateral aspect of the elbow and pinna of the ear are common starting places
-Lesions consist of follicular papules, areas of erythema, crusts of dried serum and blood and excoriations (scratch or abrasion of skin) from scratching to relieve the intense itching and pruritus

Sarcoptes scabiei:
Diagnosis

-Skin scraping
-Despite the extensive lesions related to the presence of this mite, frequently it is very difficult to find the mites on dogs, even those dogs exhibiting advance lesions

Sarcoptes scabiei:
Treatment and Prevention

-Selamectin is number one choice
-Subcutaneous ivermectin is used to treat this mange
-These mites can temporarily infest humans and therefore the treatment of the pet will usually cure the humans

Demodex canis:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Arachnida
-Order: Acari
-Suborder: Prostigmata
-Family: Demodicidae
-Genus species: Demodex canis
-Common Name: Demodectic mange mite, follicle mite

Demodex canis:
Hosts

-Dogs
-Cats have their own species (Demodex cati), but is rare

Demodex canis:
Adult Identification

-Elongate tapering body
-400 um
-4 pairs of stumpy legs on anterior (cigar with legs)

Demodex canis:
Life Cycle

-Entirely in hair follicles and sebaceous glands
-Mites are normal fauna of skin
-Adults in follicles
-Females lay eggs
-Larvae and nymphs at mouth of follicle
-Egg to adult in 2-4 weeks
-Transmission to the newborn pups is from bitch to pup by direct contact during nursing in first 2-3 days postpartum

Demodex canis:
Site of Infection

-Hair follicles
-Sebaceous glands

Demodex canis:
Pathogenesis and Lesions

-Presence of small number of mites in normal
-Pups acquire during nursing
-Most causes of mange occur between 3 and 6 months of age
-Affected dogs harbor large number of mites as a result of immunodeficiency
-Display ares of erythema and alopecia around the eyes, mouth and over bony projections on extremities
-No evidence of pruritus
-Can be localized or generalized
-Generalized: hair becomes spare over wider expanses and skin becomes course, dry and erythematous ("red mange")
-Concomitant staphylococcal pyoderma develop in generalized cases and pustules develop, break open and ooze
-Generalized is almost impossible to cure

Demodex canis:
Diagnosis

-Skin scraping can reveal the mite
-Presence doesn't necessarily indicate disease since they are normal inhabitants

Demodex canis:
Treatment and Prevention

-Localized form controlled by rotenone ointment or benzyl benzoae lotion applied daily
-Generalized form treated with Amitraz or 1% alcoholic retenone solution
-Broad bitches with a history of demodectic mange should be spayed

Cheyletiella yasguri:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Arachnida
-Order: Acari
-Suborder: Prostigmata
-Family: Cheyletidae
-Genus species: Cheyletiella yasguri
-Common Name: "Walking dandruff")

Cheyletiella yasguri:
Hosts

-Dogs
-2 other species infest cats and rabbits
-Zoonosis

Cheyletiella yasguri:
Adult Identification

-Body has a "waist" and long legs
-500um
-"Walking dandruff" because large enough to be seen walking against a dark background, prominent palpal claws at anterior end of mite

Cheyletiella yasguri:
Life Cycle

-Mites live on skin, hair and tunnel in epidermis debris
-Mites feed on this debris
-Eggs attached to hair
-Transmission by direct contact
-Life cycle completed in 2 weeks
-They survive off their host longer than other mange mites

Cheyletiella yasguri:
Sites of Infection

Fur and hair

Cheyletiella yasguri:
Pathogenesis and Lesion

"Walking dandruff" because of mties moving on skin

Cheyletiella yasguri:
Diagnosis

-Excessive scurf or dandruff
-Can attack people, exam of an adhesive tape swab may reveal the mites

Cheyletiella yasguri:
Treatment and Prevention

Dogs respond well to topical permethrin, fipronil and amitraz

Otodectes cynotis:
Taxonomy

-Phylum: Arthropoda
-Class: Arachnida
-Order: Acari
-Suborder: Astigmata
-Family: Psoroptidae
-Genus species: Otodectes cynotis
-Common Name: Ear mite

Otodectes cynotis:
Hosts

-Dogs
-Cats
-Ferrets
-Foxes
-Rabbits and humans are reported

Otodectes cynotis:
Adult Identification

-500um in length
-Long legs extending beyond the margin of body
-Egg laying females have suckers on short, unsegmented stalks on pairs 1, 2 and 4 is rudimentary
-Males have suckers on short unsegmented stalks on pairs 1, 2, 3 and 4

Otodectes cynotis:
Life Cycle

-Feeds superficially
-Female lays 90 eggs during her lifetime
-Egg, larval and nymphal stages to mature adult takes 2-3 weeks
-Mites feed on epidermal debris and tissue fluids from the superficial epidermis
-Transmission usually by contact with infested animals

Otodectes cynotis:
Sites of Infection

Ears

Otodectes cynotis:
Pathogenesis and Lesions

In cats a dry, waxy, parchmentlike material in sheets with large number of mites in each layer is seen

Otodectes cynotis:
Clinical Signs

-Frequent shaking of head
-Dog similar to cat

Otodectes cynotis:
Diagnosis

-Behavior of animal and presence of copious production of dark cerumen (ear wax) is characteristic of otodectic otitis and exudate in ear canal
-Observing mites by auroscope or removing exudates, placing on slide and examining whitish moving specks with a hand lens

Otodectes cynotis:
Treatment and Prevention

-Ivermectin ototic suspensions are approved
-Rotenone and pyrethrin compounds are approved for treatment of this mite

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set