3rd president of the US, chief draft of the declaration of independence, made louisiana purchase in 1803.
4th president of the US; member of the continental congress and rapporteur at the constitutional convention in 1776
leader and historian for the mayflower
american inventor; invented telegraph and developed morse code
portagese mariner; hired to lead expedition of 5 ships to find a sea route through or around south america. in nov., 1520 he found a strait and named it after him. named the pacific (peaceful).
published a pamphlet in jan., 1776, called common sense that captured the attention of many american colonists. it called to complete independence from britian.
helped start organization called sons of liberty.
landed on east coast of what is now mexico in 1519 looking for gold and glory. spanish conquistador who defeated aztecs and conquered mexico.
from Massachusettes; invented cotton gin in 1793. started use of interchangable parts.
African american born intp slavery then gained freedom when she fled north. helped slaves escape through underground railroad (most famous conductor).
Jefferson's private secretary; hired by jefferson to lead the exploration of the louisiana purchase.
co-leader of the exploration of the louisiana purchase. knew other co-leader from military service.
took over as leader of the Mormons for smith after he was killed by a mob in Illinois in 1844.
a formal document written in 1620 that provided law and order to the plymouth colony.
the area comprising the Bering strait and adjacent parts of siberia and alaska in connection with the migration of animals across the former bering land bridge.
water route to asia through north america sought by european explorers.
a meeting of the voters of the town for the transaction of public business.
what they used to call pennsylvannia. what pennsylvannai means.
french and indian war
war fought between great britian and its two enemies, the french and the indians of north america.
declaration of independence-preamble
introduction for the declaration of independence
boston tea party
a group of mean described as mohawks and armed with hatchets marched to the wharres on dec. 16,1773. boarded ships at midnight and threw 342 chests of tea overboard.
suggested by roger sherman. two house legislature- lower house(HR) number of seats for each state would vary according to its population. upper house (senate) 2 seats per state.
war of 1812
war between US and great britian from 1812-1815.
highest judicial court in US consists of 9 judges.
review by the supreme court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act
american colonists who remained loyal to britian and opposed war for independence
where george washington's continental army spent the winter of 1777-78 in conditions of extreme hardship during the american revolution
articles of confederation
original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, replaced by US constitution in 1789.
(1789) added a series of district courts to the federal court system
early political party in the US replaced by democratic party. believed in strong central government
territory sold to the US in 1803, doubled size of US
originated by president james monroe in 1823- US would not interfere with any existing european colonies in the americas
the act of handing our government posisitions to supporters of the winning canidate
california gold rush
(1848-55) gold was discovered by james marshall at sutters mill. the news brought about 300,000 people to california in search of gold
sir walter raleighslast attempt to establish a colony. founded on May 13, 1607 in virginia
battle of lexington
fight between 70 minute men (led by john parker) and redcoats. one of the first battles of the revolutionary war.
battle of concord
british destroyed enimies remaining supply of gun powder. on north bridge, minute men were waiting. one of the first battles of the revolutionary war.
the ideathat was popular in the US in 1800's- that the US boarders must expand to the pacific
canal that connects the hudson river with the niagara river and the great lakesirish immigrants worked on constuction. 363 miles.
a system that helped enslaved african americans follow a network of escape routes out of the south into freedom in the north.
to buy goods from foreign markets
to sell goods abroad
legislative branch of government
branch of government that makes the nation's laws.