Anatomy 2

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What is the order of the part of the eye:

Cornea, aqueous humor, lens, vitreous humor.

Pinkeye is caused by irritation of the:

conjunctiva.

Oily secretions that lubricate the eye are produced by:

meibomian glands.

The___ is the white of the eye.

sclera

The blind spot is located at the:

optic disk

The set colors of our eyes are:

blue, green, and red.

Cataracts results from changes is the:

lens.

Color blindness:

does not occur most in women.

______ is the substance which provides the eyeball with most of material to maintain its shape.

Choroid coat

____ is the reflexive movement if the eye medially when viewing close objects

• Convergence

The ____ is the clear central anterior portion of the sclera.

cornea

Lysozymes DO NOT:

stimulate rods and cones

3 tunics of the eye:

chorid, sclera, retina.

Receptors stimulated by the movement of fluid or vibrations are:

mechanoreceptors.

Sounds waves entering the external auditory canal hit the eardrum, also known as the:

tympanic

Auditory ausicles are located in the:

middle ear.

Hearing receptors are located within the:

organ of corti.

Stapes transmit vibrations to the inner ear through the:

oval window

_____ are not part of the inner ear.

Ossicles

The hearing receptors of the organ of corti are:

hair cells

The _____ is the portion of the bony labyrinth responsible for our sense of static equilibrium.

vestibule

An infection that follows a cold has passed from the aurditory tube to the:

middle ear.

This of the following is not important in providing information used to control balance to the cerebellum:

fusion of the ossicles.

Olfactory receptors are examples of :

chemoreceptors.

__ is not a primary taste sensation.

Pungent

Salty receptors respond to:

metal ions in soluation.

_____ is not involved with taste or smell.

The vestibular (V111)

_____ are the cells that respond to chemicals dissolved in the saliva.

Gustatory receptors

3 bones that make up the ossicles:

hammer, anvil, stirrup.

2 types of deafness:

conduction & sensorineural.

Deafness is defined as a hearing loss of more than 50%

FALSE

The human moth has around 20,000 taste buds

FALSE

Taste buds are only found on the tongue

FALSE

The resting eye is "set" for near vision

FALSE

Gross eye movements are produced by eight extrinsic(external) movements

FALSE

Glaucoma results from decreased intraocular pressure

FALSE

The real image that is formed on the retina, is going to be right-side up, reversed from right to left and larger than the object

FALSE

Vitreous humor is continually regenerated from our bodies through our lifetime

FALSE

A tonometer is used to illuminate the interior of the eye ball, allowing the retina, optic disc and internal blood vessels to be viewed and examined

FALSE

The lens of the human eye is bi-concave crystal like structure

FALSE

Unlike the state sensation, it is NOT necessary to have the chemicals associated with smells dissolved in a body fluid

FALSE

Unequal pressure on both surfaces of the eardrum are needed for proper eardrum function

FALSE

Aqueous humor is located anterior to the lens and drains through the canal of schlemm

TRUE

A person with myopic eyes is going to be near-sighted

TRUE

Cones allows us to see in color or bright lights

TRUE

The sclera is also called the fibrous

TRUE

The process of bending light rays is called refraction

TRUE

The organ of corti will be found within the cochlea the inside of the

TRUE

The pinna is what most people call the ear

TRUE

The vestibular nerve is activated during static equilibrium & dynamic equilibrium events

TRUE

The crista ampullaris is the site where dynamic equalilbrium receptors are found

TRUE

Being lipid soluble, steroids can do all of the following except:

catalyze cyclic AMP

The type of endocrine stimulus that involves changing blood levels of certain ions and nutrients is called:

humoral stimulus

The pituitary is located:

in the "turks saddle" of the sphenoid bone

Tropic hormones:

stimulate other endocrine glands

Hypersecretion of growth hormone in adulthood leads to:

acromegaly

The hormone that triggers ovulation of an egg from the female ovary is:

luteinizing hormone

Aldosterone is a(n):

mineralocorticoid

When blood levels of aldosterone rise, kidney tubules:

reabsorb sodium

Tetany indicates a malfunction of the

parathyroid gland

The enzyme that is produced by the Kidneys when blood pressure drops and that causes the release of aldosterone is:

renin

which of the following is NOT a symptom of cushings syndrome

Bronze skin tones

Hyposecertion of all the adenal cortex hormones leads to:

Addison's Disease

Insulin is produced by which cells of the pancreatic islets:

Beta cells

Insulin has a

hypoglcemic effect

Insulin causes a:

Decrease in the concentration of blood glucose

Which of the following is NOT a sign of diabetes mellitus:

moon face

The secretions from which of these glands differs between males and females:

Gonad

The pineal gland produces:

melatonin

The hormone that appears to help regulate out sleep cycles is:

melatonin

The hormone responsible for T cell maturation is:

Thymosin

Estrogens do all of the following except:

stimulate growth of facial hair

The corpus luteum produces:

progesterone

The cells in the testes that produce testosterone are called:

interstital cells

The secondary sec characteristics brought about by testosterone DO NOT include:

development of breats

The placenta produces all of the following except:

luteinizing hormone

Neurosecretory cells transport oxytocin and antidueretic hormone to the anterior pituitary

FALSE

Exocrine glands are ductless glands

TRUE

The endocrine system is much faster than the nervous system in coordinating the activities of body cells

FLASE

The anterior pituitary is the "master endocrine gland" because it is all-powerful in its control

FALSE

Releasing and inhibiting hormones produced by the hypothalamus are connected to the anterior pituitary through portal circulation

TRUE

The posterior pituitary stores but does not make the hormones it releases

TRUE

vasopressin is another name of antiduiretic hormone

TRUE

Hyposecretion of FSH or LH leads to sterility n both males and females

TRUE

Graves disease is a form of hyperthyroidism

TRUE

Calitonin is an antagonist to parathormone

TRUE

The adrenal glands are similar to the pituitary gland in that they have both glandular and neural tissue

TRUE

The glucocorticoids helps the body handle long-term stress

TRUE

Both male and female sex hormones are produced by the adrenal cortex throughout life

TRUE

Hypersercretion of sex hormones lead to masculinization regardless of sex

TRUE

The adrenal medulla is stimulated nu the fight or flight response

TRUE

The pancreas has both endocrine and exocrine functions

TRUE

The placenta is a temporary organ formed during pregnancy to help initiate labor

TRUE

3 different types of hormones:

Amino acid based
steroids
prostaglandines

3 different types of endocrine gland stimuli

Humoral
Hormonal
Neural

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Growth hormone

anterior pituitary

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone

anterior pituitary

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Luteinizing hormone

anterior pituitary

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Antidiuretic hormone

posterior pituitary

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Thyroxine

thyroid

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Parathormone

parathyroids

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Aldosterone

adrenal cortex

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Cortisone

adrenal cortex

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Insulin

beta cells of pancreatic islets

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Glucagon

alpha cells of pancreatic islets

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Melatonin

pineal

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Thymosin

Thymus

(match hormone with endocrine system)
Human chorionic gonadotropin

placenta

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