Talking about Film
A single, uninterrupted piece of film
Collection of shots forming a natural unit
|Long shot|| |
Shot taken from a distance. Shows full subject.
|Establishing shot|| |
Sets the scene or emphasizes setting
|Close up|| |
Image being shot takes up at least 80% of the screen
|Medium shot|| |
Subjects seen from waist up
|Low key lighting|| |
Darkness and shadows. Often create suspense/ suspicion
|High key lighting|| |
Light, bright, open looking. Creates warmth and happiness
|Neutral lighting|| |
Lighting is not intentionally manipulated.
|Bottom/side lighting|| |
Direct lighting from below or side. Associated with secrecy, dangerous or evilness, moral ambiguity, slit personalities
|Front/rear lighting|| |
Direct lighting from front/ behind. Angelic and innocent expression
|Soft focus|| |
Intentional edge blur. Innocence, new life
|Rack focus|| |
When the director shifts the focus from one object to another in the same scene. Changes attention. Signifies power or significance.
|Deep focus|| |
When the foreground and background are in the same focus.
|Low angle|| |
Shooting subject from below. Makes them look important and powerful.
|High angle|| |
Camera is above. Makes things look small, even weak and powerless.
|Eye level|| |
|Dutch angle|| |
Tilted sideways on a horizontal line. Adds tension to static frame. Sinister/distorted view of character.
|Dolly shots|| |
Camera moves with action on a track. Often used in "walk and talk"
Camera pivots along the horizontal axis left or right. To take in scenery.
Camera moves up and down vertically. Used to emphasize setting. Sex and the city recently used it to show fashion, and now many others are too.
Lens moves, but not camera. Object appears bigger or smaller depending on focal length.
Abrupt transition of visual content from one shot to the next.
Scene fades to black. Often implies that time has passed.
One image fades into another. Creates connection between scenes.
Cut between 2 scenes that are happening simultaneously.
Movement into action that happened in past.
|Eye line match|| |
Shot of a person looking, cut to what they're looking at.
Single shot is inserted into a sequence of shots that momentarily interrupt the action
|Reverse cutting|| |
Over the shoulder shot showing different people speaking.
|Diegetic||Sound that can logically be heard by the characters|
Sounds that aren't heard by characters in the film.
|overhead shot|| |
this depicts the action or subject from high above, sometimes looking directly down on it
one single object, person, place, etc. that represents an abstract idea. Helps get across the theme.
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
|verbal irony|| |
occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought
|static character|| |
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
|dynamic character|| |
A character who grows, learns, or changes as a result of the story's action
|Allusion||a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize|
|Allegory||A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions. Multiple layers of meaning.|
|Auteur Theory|| |
a critical method by which a film is viewed as the product of its director and is judged by the quality of its expression of the director's personality or world view; usually used to relate a film to others by the same director.
|Linear Narrative|| |
a narrative that goes in chronological order.
|Nonlinear Narrative|| |
a narrative that goes out of chronological order.
|frame story|| |
a secondary story or stories embedded in the main story
|catalyst event||the event in the first act that is the "domino" that starts all the action|
Flickr Creative Commons Images
Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.
- "Shot" image
- "Sequence" image
- "Long shot" image
- "Establishing shot" image
- "Close up" image
- "Medium shot" image
- "Low key lighting" image
- "High key lighting" image
- "Neutral lighting" image
- "Bottom/side lighting" image
- "Front/rear lighting" image
- "Soft focus" image
- "Rack focus" image
- "Deep focus" image
- "Low angle" image
- "High angle" image
- "Eye level" image
- "Dutch angle" image
- "Dolly shots" image
- "Pan" image
- "Tilt" image
- "Zoom" image
- "Cut" image
- "Fade" image
- "Dissolve" image
- "Crosscut" image
- "Flashback" image
- "Eye line match" image
- "Cutaways" image
- "Reverse cutting" image
- "Nondiegetic" image
- "overhead shot" image
- "Symbol" image
- "Motif" image
- "verbal irony" image
- "static character" image
- "dynamic character" image
- "Auteur Theory" image
- "Linear Narrative" image
- "Nonlinear Narrative" image
- "frame story" image
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