35

This is how old you must be to become president

natural born citizen

In order to be president one must be 35, have lived in the US for 14 years, and this.

14

number of years a person must live in the US to be president

chief executive

the role of the president as head of the executive branch of the government

chief diplomat

The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments, making treaties, and effecting executive agreements.

commander in chief

The role of the president where he is in charge of the US armed forces

legislative leader

President can suggest laws and persuade congress to support legislation he favors; has the power to veto bills

chief of state

The president as a symbol of the country at formal parties and events

economic leader

The president's role as leading

party leader

The president's role as the #1 person in his political party

executive order

a rule issued by the president that has the force of law (e.g., putting Japanese in internment camps)

executive agreement

an agreement between the president and the leader of another country (doesn't require approval of Sen.)

treaty

A formal agreement between the US and other nations -must be approved by 2/3 of Senate

impeach

only the House can do this - a formal accusation that the President has committed a crime

removal

can only be done in a Senate trail after impeachment

pardon

the power to free a person from punishment

amnesty

the act of granting forgiveness to a large group of people

Senate

group that must confirm a president's nominees to the Supreme Court

domestic policy

refers to issues inside America's borders

foreign policy

refers to issues between America and other countries

War Powers Act

a law enacted in 1973 that limits a president's right to send troops into battle without consulting Congress

Vice President

According to the Constitution this person is the official head of the Senate

State

Cabinet department that deals peacefully with other countries

diplomacy

the art and practice of conducting negotiation between nations without arousing hostility

ambassador

a person sent to a foreign country to represent his or her government

state of the union

Constitutionally required address by the President typically given in a joint session of Congress.

cabinet

group of officials who head government departments and advise the President

Treasury

Cabinet department that collects revenue and administers federal finances

Defense

Cabinet department that supervises the agencies and functions of the military

Justice

Cabinet department that represents the US in court, investigates federal crime, ensures federal laws are followed

Attorney General

head of the Justice department

Secretary

name for the head of all cabinet departments (except Justice)

HHS

Cabinet department that oversees all programs related to health (e.g., the CDC)

HUD

Cabinet department that administers programs dealing with better housing and urban renewal

Education

Cabinet department that oversees loans for student aid and No Child Left Behind

Homeland Security

Cabinet department that protects US borders and fights terrorism; most recently created

Speaker of the House

After the VP, this person is next in the line of presidential succession

President pro tempore

Unofficial head of the Senate; next in line of succession after the Speaker of the House

State

1st Cabinet department in the order of succession

agencies

divisions of the Cabinet departments, like the FBI, CIA, IRS and FDA

commute

to change a penalty to a less severe one (power of the pres.)

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