1st 9 weeks english benchmark

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touchstone's first nine weeks benchmark test

author of the scarlet ibis

James Hurst

author of the interlopers

saki

author of the necklace

Guy de Maussapant

author of the most dangerous game

Richard Connell

alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

aside

a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage

blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter

comic relief

A humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood

couplet

a pair of rhyming lines

meter

rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time

monologue

a speech by one actor; a long talk by one person

oxymoron

conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')

personification

the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.

pun

a humorous play on words

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhyme in a poem

simile

comparison using like or as

soliloquy

in drama, a character speaks alone on stage to allow his/her thoughts and ideas to be conveyed to the audience

sonnet

a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

tragedy

drama in which the protagonist is overcome by some superior force or circumstance

scanning

Marking the stressed and unstressed syllables and the number of feet in a line of poetry to determine if the rhythm of the poem has a regular, measurable pattern

foil

a character whose personality and attitude contrast sharply with those of another

imagery

the ability to form mental images of things or events

metaphor

a comparison without using like or as

allusion

a reference to another work of literature, person, or event

iambic pentameter

ten-syllable lines in which every second syllable is stressed

iamb

a metrical foot in poetry that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, as in the word protect

assonance

the repetition of vowel sounds

consonance

repetition of final consonant sounds

prologue

an introduction to a play

quatrain

4 line stanza

setting

arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the place where a play or movie is enacted

atmosphere

The emotional tone or background that surrounds a scene

irony

The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

verbal irony

occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought

situational irony

occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected

dramatic irony

when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't

conflict

a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests

tone

the writer's or speaker's attitude toward a subject, character, or audience

motif

A recurring theme, subject or idea

symbol

anything that stands for or represents something else

mood

feeling created in the reader by a literary work

plot

sequence of events in a story

climax

Most exciting moment of the story; turning point

resolution

conflicts are resolved, also called denoument

indirect characterization

the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others

direct characterization

author directly describes character

theme

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

subject

general idea around which a story is told, can be said in one to two words

OMNISCENT NARRATOR

3rd person, who sees into each character's mind and understands what is going on

THIRD PERSON NARRATOR

a narrator who focuses on the thoughts of just one character.With this point of view, we feel that we are seeing the action through the eyes and feelings of only one of the characters in the story.

FIRST PERSON NARRATOR

a narrator within the story who tells the story from the "I" perspective

FIGURES OF SPEECH

word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and that is not meant to be taken literally

FORESHADOWING

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

FLASHBACK

a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present

PROTAGONIST

the main character, who must overcome obstacles and resolve the conflict

ANTAGONIST

the character who works against the protagonist in the story

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