Biology Final Exam

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I am testing how types of water affects a plants height. Which is the IV and which is the DV?

IV- type of water
DV- plant height

Law

a short statement that results from observations of an action

Theory

an explanation of a series of observations supported by many scientists

What are the two processes in photosynthesis?

ETC of photosynthesis and Calvin Cycle

What are the three processes of Cellular Respiration?

Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, and ETC of Cellular Respiration

What are the 3 main steps of the cell cycle?

Interphase, Mitosis, Cytokinesis

What is cancer?

cancer is a mutation that overtakes your cells and is cause by uncontrolled growth that cell missed the G1 checkpoint stage

stem cells

they can turn into any other type of cell there are adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells

in mendels work what is the P generation?

this is the parent generation and they are all purebred

in mendels work what is the F1 generation?

this is the first generation of the parents this is all heterozygous

in mendels work what is the F2 generation?

this is the generation after F1, 1 is recessive, 1 is dominant, and 2 are heterozygous

What are the parts that make up DNA?

phosphate group, bases (A,T,G,C), and ribose (sugar)

Where does replication happen?

nucleus

Where does transcription happen?

nucleus

Where does translation happen?

cytoplasm

what are the geologic time eras?

precambrian, paleozoic, mesozoic, cenozoic

What are the dates and 2 important events from the precambrian era?

4600-542 mya, soft bodied organisms, multicellular organisms

What are the dates and 2 important events from the paleozoic era?

542-251 mya, cambrian explosion, sharks and fish

What are the dates and 2 important events from the mesozoic era?

251-65.5 mya, dinosaurs, birds

Whar are the dates and 2 important events from the cenozoic era?

65.5mya-today, humans, ice ages

What are the five conditions that must be met for the Hardy-Weinberg Equillibrium?

1. no immigration or emigration 2. large population 3. mating is random 4. no mutations 5. no natural selection

homologous chromosomes

...

sister chromatids

...

zygote

...

gametes

...

somatic cells

...

crossing over

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incomplete dominance

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codominance

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heterozygous

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homozygous

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polygenic trait

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allele

...

haploid

...

diploid

...

n number

...

malignant

...

benign

...

DNA helicase

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DNA polymerase

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RNA polymerase

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Amino acids

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peptide bonds

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okazaki fragments

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ribosome

...

semi-conservative

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derived trait

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ancestral trait

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homologous structure

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analogous structure

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vestigial trait

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comparative biochemistry

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convergent evolution

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antimicrobial resistance

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genetic drift

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gene flow

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directional natural selection

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stabilizing natural selection

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disruptive natural selection

...

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