Medieval Universities developed from...
The capture of Spain by the Christians is called the...
Joan of Arc
What saint led the French to victory at the battle of Orleans...
Parliaments were called regularly
What change in English government took place under Edward I...
Elite slave soldiers
Who were the janissaries...
He excommunicated Henry
What did Pope Gregory do to settle the conflict with Henry IV...
They attacked the Byzantine empire
What role did the Seljuk Turks play in beginning the Crusades?
After nearly 200 years, the Muslims drove the Crusaders out of Palestine
How did the wars of the Crusades end?
Victims developed dark or black spots on their skin
Why was the bubonic plague known as the Black Death?
They could defeat knights in armor
What was the advantage of the longbow and gunpowder weapons?
Sons of European nobles
What kind of students did cathedral schools attract?
Decisions in one part of England might be different from those in another part.
What was one disadvantage of English common law?
To claim the Magna Carta meant Parliament must approve the king's request for taxes
The English Parliament later expanded the Magna Carta for what purpose?
It meant the end of the Byzantine Empire
What was the outcome of the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople?
To act as the sultan's main advisor
What was the role of the grand vizier in the Ottoman Empire?
The right of people not to be imprisoned unlawfully is?
They were following Islamic law
Why did the Ottomans grant freedom of worship to Christians and Jews within their empire?
European workers became scarce enough to demand higher pay for their labor
How did the bubonic plague help weaken the feudal system?
Their highly organized army
Which of the following helped the Ottomans expand their empire?
Criminal laws and tax laws
In addition to the Islamic law, the Ottomans introduced what other types of laws?
Christian traders and pilgrims maintained an exchange with Muslims in the region
What happened when the Crusades ended?
Nobility, high-ranking church officials, and representatives from cities and towns.
Parliament was made up of?
His poor policies pushed English nobles to create the Magna Carta and force him to sign it
How did King John influence England's government?
Stronger monarchies strengthened trade and the growth of towns, which kept the monarchs strong
How did the Hundred Years' War contribute to the rise of modern Europe?
Control the collection of taxes
England's early parliaments gained the right to do what?
It made the Church more powerful than the individual monarchs.
What role did the wealth of the medieval Church play in European politics?
right of trial by jury
The Magna Carta guaranteed the?
he needed its political support
Why didn't Edward I get rid of Parliament when he took back the throne?
slaves from conquered peoples
Who made up the janissaries?
Who combined classical philosophy with Christian teachings?
They were people given priestly authority by the Church
Which of the following is true of the clergy?
Christians captured Jerusalem and established four Crusader states
What was the overall effect of the First Crusade?
Members of England's nobility were angered by the policies of?
Under his rule, the Ottomans produced great art, architecture, and literature
Why did some people call Suleyman I the Magnificent?
the sultan's main advisers or an imperial council
Which of the following is the best definition of a divan?
New weapons introduced during the war made the armored knight easy to defeat
Which of the following is true of the Hundred Year's War?
European nobles learned Latin, a language used by the Church
Which of the following is a way cathedral schools connected the Church and European nobility?
King Henry II's royal judges were meant to be independent from what?
Hundred Year's War
Which of the following was a reason for the decline of medieval feudalism?
The Church wanted to preserve the Latin language and religious texts
Why did cathedral schools teach their students in Latin?
Both the European monarchies and the Catholic Church were increasing their centralized power
What was one sign of the decline of feudalism?
Over centuries, the power of the English king was limited by?