The period of Phoenician independence ended with the rise of what Empire?
Where did Assyria conquer and how did they do it (3 things)
Conquered from Egypt to Persia. They had a huge army, iron weapons, and cavalry.
What are the 10 lost tribes?
Those deported when Assyria conquered Israel.
Assyrian policies and art glorified
Fear and destruction; state terrorism
Who challenged Assyria?
Neo-babylonians, anatolian lydians, medes, persians.
Who was the most famous in Neo-babylonian dynasty?
What is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World in Babylon?
What were the Lydian's main historical achievement?
Who was the most famous Lydian king?
What were Persians successes in administration (5 things)
Elaborate administrative network under satraps
Common system of weights, measures, coinage
Great roads, including "Royal Road"
What was the chief manifestation of Persian culture?
What are gathas?
What was Zoroastrianism?
Single god Ahura Mazda, with two children. One was good and one was evil. Human beings had free will to choose good or choose bad. Spiritual was better than the material. Dualism introduced.
Ultimately, out of the Assyrians, Babylonians, and Persians, who left a legacy of civilized rule?