describes Laud as 'straight forward, blunt, honest and ruthless'
admits that Laud's preference for ceremony, ritual and beauty of holiness 'won him odium in some places'
believed in his policies as he is an Arminian as did Charles who was also an Arminian.
states how Charles had managed to 'make himself a despot and reduce parliament to a nullity'
(Forest Fines) '[Created] resentment and anger amongst those who lived in these areas'
(Ship Money) 'One of the most successful taxes, indeed government enterprises, in early modern history'
believes that Charles government was brought down by 'a revolt of the tax payers'
a member of the gentry, describes how Charles' policies were 'unreasonable'
Royalist commentator Edward Hyde
even criticised Charles as this fine 'lightened most upon persons of quality and honour...more [likely] to remember it with more sharpness.' (Distraint of Knighthood)
support John Hampden in the Crown's court case against him
believes the Fens 'trampled on the rights of the people'
denounce Holmes and say that the peasantry were too 'emotional' in their approach to the issue
'worst characteristic of the prerogative courts was that they encouraged informers and were by no means always competent to distinguish between false information and true'
believed the Drainage of the Fens to be a justified action and genuinely believed that it would better the welfare of the people.
Laud and Wentworth
took to the rhetoric of the 'public good' to justify projects such as the redevelopment of London
'his foreign policy...had disastrous effects on Charles position at home and abroad'(1625-29)
'Commons distrusted everything he seemed to represent'(1625-29)
'The wars if 1625 to 1630...were responsible for the tensions...imposed on English society'
MP Sir Nathaniel Bacon:
'fear of innovation of government'
Anonymous Poem 1628
And now, just God! I humbly pray That thou wilt take that slime away (Referring to Buckingham)
(Buckingham) 'rose...to so much greatness of honour, fame, and fortune upon no other recommendation than of the beauty and gracefulness...of his person'
Parliamentary control of the South-east and London provided superior resources
Points out that many professional officer corps who were serving abroad in conflicts returned home to serve their King
described as a 'godly party'
Letter to Viscount Fairfax from Alne
'The assessments paid to the armies, they were scare able to pay anything'
Scottish Commissioner Robert Baillie
'that madman...will [take] down with him all his posterity and monarchy'
The Second Civil War consisted of several uprisings in Yorkshire and East Anglia, out that these uprisings were due to the contempt for the army as well as the taxes collected to maintain it.
believes that 'Trial and execution were from the start conceived as integral to each other'
suggests that 'The men who brought his to the block, Cromwell and Ireton, were not republicans from choice but from necessity.'
points out that even of the Rump Parliament only '135 were named to the tribunal, far fewer served...at the end of the trial 67 voted for the death sentence...only 59 signed it'
suggests that this is the reason for the 'eventual failure of the new English Republic' and that Charles' execution was carried out by a 'tiny clique against the vast wishes of the country.'
'Remember, I am your King, your lawful King, and what sins you bring upon your heads ...Think well upon it, before you go further from one sin to a greater ...'
wrote about soldiers' rights and began distributing them via pamphlets. The Moderate was the leveller newspaper
true representatives of the people' and that they were 'no mere mercenary army'.
didn't turn up for the trial of the King, suggesting remorse/ disagreement to the trial of the King
The english people
gave out great groans when the king was executed