Chapter 8.1 The Culture of Ancient Greece Vocabulary

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Myths

Traditional stories about the deeds of gods, goddesses, & heroes that explained their world

Mount Olympus

The highest mountain in Greece, where the ancient Greeks believed many of their gods and goddesses lived

oracle

a sacred shrine where a god or goddess revealed the future through a priest or a priestess

Delphi

Oracle to Apollo in Greece

epics

long poems that tell the stories of heroes

Homer

ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey

Aesop

Greek slave who wrote fables

fable

a short tale that teaches a lesson

drama

story told by actors who pretend to be characters in the story

tragedy

a play in which a person struggles to overcome difficulties but fails. They had unhappy endings

comedy

a play in which the story ends happily

Sophocles

Greek writer of tragedies; used three actors

Euripides

writer, used regular people instead of Gods, and tried to answer real life questions in playwrite

Columns

What supported many Greek buildings?

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