Chapter 4

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45 terms · Tissue: The Living Fabric

Supports and protects; stores calcium

Osseous (bone) tissue

Forms tendons and ligaments

Connective

Supports and protects; insulates against heat loss; reserve source of fuel

Adipose

Provides tensile strength with the ability to absorb compressive shock

Cartilage

Structural support of the external ear and other structures

Elastic cartilage

Forms much of the fetal skeleton and covers the articular surfaces

Hyaline cartilage

Embryonic connective tissue that arises from mesoderm and produces all types of connective tissues

Mesenchyme

Source of new cells in mature connective tissue

Mesenchyme

Forms internal supporting framework of soft organs such as the spleen

Reticular tissue

Which of the following is not found in the matrix of cartilage but is in bone

Blood vessels

The reason that intervertebral discs exhibit a large amount of tensile strength to absorb shock is because they possess

Collagen fibers

What tissue has lacunae, calcium salts, and blood vessels

Osseous tissue

How is hyaline cartilage different from elastic or fibrocartilage

Fibers are not normally visible

Epithelial tissue

Has a basement membrane

Which of the following would be of most importance to goblet cells and other glandular epithelium

Microvilli

What feature characterizes simple columnar epithelium of the digestive tract

Dense microvilli

Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

Lines the respiratory tract

Which statement best describes connective tissue

Usually lines a body cavity

Matrix is composed of

Fibers and ground substance

Cell types likely to be seen in areolar connective tissue include all except

Chondrocytes

The fiber type that gives connective tissue great tensile strength is

Collagen

Organized groups of cells (plus their intercellular substances) that have a common purpose form a(n)

Tissue

The shape of the external ear is maintained by

Elastic cartilage

Inability to absorb digested nutrients and secrete mucus might indicate a disorder in which tissue

Simple columnar

Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as

Endocrine

Which of the following is true about epithelia

Endothelium provides a slick surface lining all hollow cardiovascular organs

Chondroblasts

Within the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix

__________ epithelium appears to have two or three layers of cells, but all the cells are in contact with the basement membrane

Pseudostratified columnar

A multilayered epithelium with cuboidal basal cells and flat cells at its surface would be classified as

Stratified squamous

Multicellular exocrine glands, can be classified

Functionally into merocrine, holocrine, and apocrine divisions

Which of these is not considered connective tissue

Muscle

What are glycosaminoglycans

Negatively charged polysaccharides

The first step in tissue repair involves

Inflammation

Select the correct statement regarding multicellular exocrine glands

the secretory cells of holocrine glands release their product by rupturing

What are the three main components of connective tissue

Ground substance, fibers, and cells

Which of the following statements is true of connective tissue

Collagen fibers provide high tensile strength

Select the correct statement regarding the cells of connective tissue

Chondroblasts are the main cell type of connective tissue proper

Select the correct statement regarding tissue repair

Inflammation causes capillaries to dilate and become permeable

Select the correct statement regarding epithelia

Stratified epithelia are present where protection from abrasion is important

Select the correct statement regarding adipose tissue

Its primary function is nutrient storage

Which cells are commonly found wedged between simple columnar epithelial cells

Goblet cells

Select the correct statement regarding factors that affect the tissue repair process

The age of the person is a factor in the repair process

Mesenchymal cells are most commonly found in __________ connective tissue

Embryonic

Keloid scar tissue

Primary - granulation layer
Secondary -

Function of cells in tissue repair

Inflammation
Granulation
Organization

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