August 15, 1945 - Victory in Japan Day
Allied victory over Japan in the Pacific. After "island hopping" through the Pacific and having much success the US asked Japan for surrender, Japan did not. The first atomic bomb "little boy" was dropped on Hiroshima. Japan did not surrender. The 2nd bomb, "fat man" was dropped on Nagasaki. Japan surrendered. A final victory for the Allies. sduff
Victory in Europe Day. May 8th, 1945. The war in Europe was over for the Germans. The Allies had forced the Germans back toward Germany while they had bombed German industry, rail lines and cities. On April 30th Hitler committs suicide rather than surrender. Sadly, Roosevelt had just died and did not see the victory over Europe. sduff Edit
During World War II, discrimination was happening everywhere. It was occuring in Europe and even at home. African Americans faced what was known as a "Double Victory" where they beat discrimination at home and abroad. Almost 900,000 African Americans served in the military during the war. They were trained and fought in segregated and noncombat jobs, such as driving trucks and cooking. The Tuskegee Flyers and the Buffaloes were African American groups that received numerous awards for their bravery under fire. Dorie Miller is an example of the AA's amazing bravery. Dorie was on kitchen duty in Pearl Harbor when the Japanese attacked. He quickly grabbed a machine gun and shot down four enemy planes. Overall AA's showed great bravery in WWII.
During the beggining of the 1940's Germany rose up to power and made alliances with Italy and the Soviet Union. Due to the new power in Europe a balance of power was needed. Therefore the Allied Powers where recreated. Britain, France, and soon the United States would fight for freedom from the Axis Power's control. In the beggining the Axis Powers seemed undeafetable. But soon Germany broke it's truce with the Soviet Union so the Allied Powers got the needed advantage that was necessary to make a turning point that they war. Sadly, Germany took over France and succeded. The US was also fighting in the Pacific. Luckily D-Day accured where the Allied Powers sent thousands of troops over to Normandy, France and won back the country. After D-Day the Allied Powers kept on winning battles and then after the Battle of the Bulge Germany only defensive. Then on V-E Day Germany surrendered after the Allied Powers attacked Berlin. Then Japan was left. So Truman launced two atomic bombs and made Japan surrendered. So on V-J day the Allied Powers had finally deafeated the Axis Powers.
Battle of Britain
Hitler invaded Britain, the last country of the Allied Powers that was still resisting the Axis Powers, with a massive ariel attack. Germany's attack was met by the British Royal Air Force (RAF). The Luftwaffe-German air force- was fighting the RAF for two months. the RAF finally defeated the Luftwaffe using the new technology of the radar, which detects enemy aircraft, and so Hitler canceled his plan for Britain in Mid-September. Winston Churchill, who was the new British Prime Minister thanked the RAF pilots saying "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
Bataan Death March
When the Japanese Empire took over the island of Manila and the Bataan Peninsula, the U.S. and Filipino units that remained there (more than 70,000) were marched to prison camps by Japanese forces. The 65 mile mile trip was deadly to the sick and wounded uits. Historians believe that atleast 400 to 1,000 Americans died and around 10,000 Filipinos died. The Allied General, Douglas MacArthur was ordered away by President Roosevelt but when the island was liberated returned.
Where Jews and other German undesirables were imprisoned. There were extermination camps and labor camps. At extermination camps the prisoners were killed, at labor camps the prisoners were forced to work. If prisoners at labor camps refused to work or were sick, they were sent to the gas chambers to be killed. The most notorious of all the extermination camps was a camp called Auschwitz.
~ Mike D.
Selective Service and Training Act
Passed by congress in 1940. It started the first peacetime draft in US history. Before act was passed only men between the age of 21 and 35 had to register. After the act was passed men who were between the age of 18 to 45 had to register for the draft. Draft boards exused people with jobs that were important to the war from the draft. The draft boards granted postponements of service for medical or religious reasons.
~ Mike D.
Japan invaded Indochina, the U.S. protested by stopping the supply of oil to Japan. Japan knew they could not be a part of the war with out the oil they needed for their war machines. Japan knew they could get oil from the Dutch East Indies, only the U.S. navy was in the way. On, December 7, 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, a United States naval base. The bombs sunk the Oklahoma almost immidiatly, 415 men drowned with it. Also, bombs sunk the Arizona, another U.S. battleship and killed 1,000+ men on the ship. Within two hours of the bombing the Japanese had sunk 19 ships, and damaged 149 planes, and 2,400 Americans died. The next day Roosevelt spoke to Americans, then within an hour congress declared war on Japan.-VictoriaW. Edit
OPA (Office of Price Administration) set up a rationing system, limiting the ammount of comsumer goods each person could get. Each individual got rationing coupons that were labeled for specific items. Anybody who wanted to buy a item had to provide the proper coupons and the money. Things like shoes, gas, meat, sugar, and coffee were rationed. The government rationed items because of inflation, that would make the item's price rise. Because food was so tightly rationed, people had to start growing their own food, so people planted victory gardens. The victory gardens supplies most of the produce that the Americans ate. The government also stopped making pleats and cuffs on pants skirts or shirts to save the excess fabric.-VictoriaW. Edit
Japanese in America
Japanese Americans were discriminated against and moved to interment camps, where they were kept for 3 long years. There was the Issei, those who were born in Japan, but immigrated here. And the Nisei were Japanese born in America. Some Nisei served in the 442nd Regimantal Combat team.~CHenley Edit
Office of Price Administration
The government feared a rapid rise in the price of scarce goods after the depression, so it created the Office of Price Administration (OPA) to control the prices of most goods. The OPA also set up a rationing system in which each person recieved rationing coupons for certain items. The coupons were used along with money to buy a limited item-Emily B. Edit
Battle of Midway
This battle in the Pacific turned the tide of the war. At the island of midway the US surprised the attacking Japanese with planes. The battle lasted for four days and in the end the US had won. This prevented the total destruction of the US Navy and turned the tide of the war. The US had broken the Japanese communication codes and knew they were coming. The trap was set and the Japanese played right into it. This was the first major victory for the US in the Pacific. After this victory the US began to "island hopping" and eventually won the war. Without the victory at this battle the United States may not have won the war. Dan E. Edit
The allied and axis powers both developed many of these during world war two. In the Battle of Britain the invention of the radar allowed the allies to know when and where the enemies were going to attack. Also the allies devolved sonar which allowed them to locate German U-Boats in the Atlantic. This lead to victory in the Battle of the Atlantic. The axis powers also devolved many of these. Germany developed both the V-rocket and the first jet fighter. Dan E. Edit
Navajo Code Talkers
A group of communications officers who served in the United States Marie Corps. These radio specialists served in the pacific theater during WWII. They sent coded messages to fellow US soldiers. The code was based off the Navajo Language making it unreadable. The Japanese were never able to crack the code. The effective communication from these specialist lead to many victories for the US. Dan E. Edit
a line of defensive fortifications constructed by the French along their eastern border, extending from Switzerland to Luxembourg, between 1929 and 1936. In World War II, although the defenses held, the Germans outflanked them, going through Belgium to conquer France.
War Production Board
A way to prepare the nation for war, the government increased the control over economy by creating this board. This board was created by President Roosevelt. It supervised conversion of factories to wartime production. It also banned production of cars so automative plants could focus on military vehicles and equipment.
Communist leader of the Soviet Union. Signed a nonaggression pact with Adolf Hitler in August 1939. The pact stated that the two countries wouldn't attack each other and to divide Poland between them. Hitler broke the nonaggression pact in June 1940. Stalin's Russian troops invaded Germany and found several concentration camps, which they liberated. In September 1942, a German army entered the Soviet city of Stalingrad. The Soviets battled the Germans for several months, until the Germans surrendered in January 1943. This was a major turning point in the War, because it was the first time the Germans had surrendered. ~Will U Edit
Atomic Bombs (Hiroshima and Nagasaki)
Atomic bombs were created as a part of the Manhattan Project. The first bomb made was called Little Boy. Truman approved the bomb, never doubting whether or not it should be used. On August 6, 1945 the B-29 bomber Enola Gay flew over Japanese city Hiroshima and dropped the 1st atomic bomb ever used/made. It instantly killed 70,000-80,000 people and many later died from burns and radiation poisoning. After Japan refused to surrender, the US dropped another bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaski, called Fat Man, doing equal damage. Because of these two acts, Japan finally surrendered on August 15, 1945.
The attempt of Hitler and the Nazis to get rid of the Jews in Europe. Systematic extermination of Jews and other groups of people i.e. Poles, Slavs, Gypsies, and others. Nazis had written new laws for German Jews. Jews were stripped of thier civil rights, jobs, and property. Jews were enchoraged by Nazis to leave Germany. Many Jews were imprisoned in concentration camps for example Dacho. In Poland Germans uprooted Jews from their homes in the countryside and forced them into isolated urban areas known as ghettos. The Nazis said that the "final solution" was genocide, which means the deliberate murder of an entire people.
Government began fearing the possibility of spying or sabotage after the attack on Pearl Harbor so they began this process. Forced relocation and imprisonment of people. Under this system the Government forcibly relocated and imprisoned Japanese Americans in the internment camps. Most of the Japanese Americans were moved to remote camps. Most camps were located in the western United States. Despite internment policy, many Japanese Americans volunteered for military service. Caitlin M Edit
a former soldier and journalist, Mussolini formed the Blackshirts (named after uniform color) and marched on Rome in 1922. He and his followers took over the city and established a fascist dictatorship. He conquered Ethiopia in 1935 and made it a colony.In 1943 the italian government overthrew Mussolini in order to make peace. Hitler, still determined not to let go of Italy, stepped in to save Mussolini. In April 1945, Italian resistance fighters killed Mussolini. The Allies finally had control of Italy in May 1945. GARRETT Edit
Many moved to west coast and the Midwest for wartime jobs. The federal government let braceros (mexican workers) into the U.S. beginning in 1942. About 200,000 braceros that entered the U.S. became key in our agricultural economy. They faced discrimination. The zoot-suit riots were attacks on zoot-suiters by mobs in eight cities. Zoot-suits were outfits sith oversized jackets, wde-brimmed hats, and baggy pants that fit tightly at the ankles. Mexican workers wore them. GARRETT Edit
Battle of Stalingrad
In this battle German soldiers bombarded Stalingrad to win over each city block. In November soviet troops surrounded the German Army. Supplies were running low in January 1943 so the German troops surrendered. The axis powers lost 200,000 soldiers. This battle marked a turning point and sent the Russian Army to advance towards Germany.
After many men left to serve in the armed forces, many jobs were left vacant in the US. Even though originally seen as not strong enough and not traditional, employers and the govt saw the need for women in the labor force for war production. More than 6 million women in industry as welders, electricians, machinists, police, dr.s, taxi drivers, and railrd workers. They were only payed 60%as much as men
200,000 served in the armed services in non combat roles like radio operators, armed guards, translators, codebreakers, mecbanics and nurses. 200 died in line of duty.
Although Germany was formerly allied with te soviet Union, the Russians switched sides and In 1940, Germany, Italy, and Japan formed a military And economic alliance. These countries were lead by dictators and were imperialist. Hitler Of Germany was controlling much of Europe along with Italy by 1939. Japan also controlled much of East Asia. Germany was the main aggressor to the Allies and had a very powerful military in Europe and Navy in the Atlantic. They fiercly fought the Allies with many victories in the beginning of the war along with Italy. Only when America came to support the Allies was there a turning point at Stalingrad and Normandy against The Axis Powers. The Allies put the Axis on the defensive for the rest of the war until they surrendered in the first week of march 1945.
The US and Allies then turned to the Battle against Japan in the Pacific. The Japanese fought fiercely and with resistance, but using tactics like island hopping and bombs- the Allies put Japan on the defensive. The Battle of Midway was the turning point And Okinawa was the final stepping stone. Then using atomic bombs the US finally forced Japan to surrender on august 15, 1945. Lauren H.