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abdicate

to give up formally, as an office, duty, power or claim

abet

to encourage or assist, especially in wrongdoing "aid and abet"

abhor

to regard with horror and loathing; to hate intensely.

abject

1) wretched, miserable; degrading, humiliating 2) mean-spirited, base; despicable, contemptible 3) complete and unrelieved

absolve

to clear of guild or blame

abstain

to refrain completely and voluntarily

academic

1) pertaining to a college or other institution of learning; scholarly 2) theoretical rather than practical; unrealistic

accede

1) to yield to; to agree to 2) to enter upon an office or dignity

acclimate

to get used to (usually an environment or situation)

addiction

a habit forming practice or pursuit, usually one that is bad for a person's health or morally objectionable habitual use of, or devotion to, something

adjourn

1) to close formally 2) to put off to another time; to move to another place

adverse

hostile in purpose or effect; unfavorable

advocate

1) to speak or argue in favor of; to give active public support to 2) a person who pleads in the interest of a cause or individaul

aesthetic

pertaining to a sense of beauty; artistic

affable

courteous and agreeable in manner; easy to talk to or approach

affectation

a pretentious display of manners or sentiments that are not genuine; a peculiar habit of dress or behavior that has been adopted to impress others

affluent

prosperous, wealthy

agenda

a list or program of things to be done or acted upon

aggregate

1) the total amount or sum total of the individual parts 2) to gather or merge into a single whole; to amount to c) total, collective

agile

swift and light in action, movement, or thought

alienate

to cause hostility or indifference where love, friendliness, or interest formerly existed

allege

to claim that something is true but wihtout offering any proof

allude

to refer to indirectly

ambience

the surrounding or pervading atmosphere; to tone and spirit of an environment

ambivalent

wavering or uncertain because of an inability to make a choice betwen two contradictory feelings or viewpoints in regard to a person, a thing, or a course of action

amnesty

an official pardon granted to offenders against hte government, especially for political offenses

anachronism

the misplacing of an object or event in a period to which it cannot possibly belong; anything out of its proper time frame

anarchy

absence of governmental authority; general political and social disorder

anathema

1) a curse or strong denunciation 2) the person or thing cursed; more generally, any object of intense dislike

anecdote

a brief account of some interesting or amusing incident, especially one containing biographical or historical details

anomaly

a deviation from what is normal or expected

apathy

lack of feeling ,emotion, or interest

appall

to fill with intense horror, fear, or dismay

apprehend

1) to arrest or take into custody 2) to perceive or understand the meaning of 3) to look forward to with fear or anxiety

arbitrary

1) subject to or determined by one's judgement; random 2) arrived at by an excercise of will, personal prefrence, or whim, as oppsosed to being based on reason or justice

arbitrate

to act as an impartial judge in a dispute; to settle

array

1) to line up; to dress up 2) an imposing group; rich and beautiful attire

articulate

1) to pronounce distinctly; to express well in words 2) expressed clearly and forcefully; able to employ language easily and fluentyly

askew

1) out of line or psotion; turned to one side 2) disapprovingly; scornfully

assimilate

1) to absorb fully or make one's own; to adopt as one's own 2) to adapt fully or to make like

astute

keen of mind and judgement, especially in practical matters; cunning

asylum

1) an institution that shelters and cares for mentally unbalanced, aged, or homeless persons 2) any place offering protection or security 3) protection against a legal or social penalty

atone

to make up for or repent

atrocity

a savagely cruel, brutal, or inhuman deed; a monstrosity

atrophy

1) failure to develop normally; a progressive wasting away or decline 2) to waste away

austere

rigidly severe; severely simple or bare

authentic

genuine, trustworthy

avarice

an excessive desire to acquire and possess wealth;a combination of greed and stinginess

avid

extremely eager, anxious or enthusiastic

badger

to tease; to annoy with a constant string of petty torments

baffle

1) to puzzle completely 2) to prevent from achieving a goal

banal

made stale by constant use or repetition

belligerent

1) warring, actually engaged in a war, warlike or hostile 2) a party (for example, a nation or organization) engaged in a war

benign

1) gentle and kindly 2) wholesome or favorable

bicker

to engage in petty quarreling

bizarre

weird or fantastic

bland

1) mild or gentle 2) lacking interest or liveliness; flat

bleak

1) desolate, windswept, and bare 2) cold and gloomy; unpromising

blight

1) to check or to destroy the growth of 2) something that impairs growth or causes ruin

blithe

1) merry and carefree 2) overly unconcerned; reckless

boisterous

noisy and rowdy

bombastic

pompous or inflated in language

boorish

rude or unrefined

boycott

1) to refuse to buy, use, or deal with as a way to protest (or force acceptance of) some form of behavior 2) an instance of such treatment

brash

overly bold, hasty, and thoughtless

bravado

a boastful or swaggering show of false bravery; false courage in general

brusque

overly short or abrupt

bungle

to mismanage or make a mess of

bureaucracy

a complicated system of administrative agencies and officials; the officials themselves

buttress

1) a support or reinforcement 2) to support or reinforce

cajole

to persuade or obtain by flattery or deceit

callous

unfeeling or insensitive

calumny

a false statement deliberately made up to injure a person

candid

1) fair and impartial 2) frank or outspoken 3) informal or unposed

cantankerous

fould tempered and quarrelsome

captious

1) quick to find petty faults or raise trifling objections; overly demanding or fussy 2) intended to confuse or show up

catholic

1) broad or widely inclusive 2) general or universal; worldwide

caustic

1) able to dissolve or eat away by chemical action 2) sharp and biting

censor

1) an official who examines works of literature, films, and the like for thigns considered to be immoral, offensive, or dangerous and who is empowered to prohibit or remove this material; anyone who acts as an arbiter of morals or reading/ viewing matter 2) to examine for and remove objectionable material

censure

1) open and strong criticism or disapproval (often taking the shape of a formal reprimand by someone in authority) 2) to criticize severely; to disapprove strongly

chagrin

1) irritation, embarrassment, or humiliation caused by disappointment or frustration 2) to cause such a feeling

charlatan

anyone who claims to have skills or knowledge that he or she doesn't possess

chronic

continuing over a long period of time or recurring often

circuitous

indirect or roundabout; long winded

circumspect

cautious or prudent, especially in regard to the consequences of actions or statements; tactful

circumvent

to get around or avoid, especially by trickery or deception

clandestine

concealed from view so as to hide one's purpose

coerce

to force someone to do something against his or her will by using undue pressure, threats, intimidation or physical violence

cogent

forceful or convincing; to the point

cohere

to hold or stick together; to fit together into an orderly, logical, and unified whole

collaborate

1) to work together on some kind of joint project 2) to cooperate with the enemy in soem kind of treasonable activity

compatible

1) capable of use with some other brand or model 2) capable of living or getting along together

complacent

overly self satisfied; smug

concise

saying a lot in a few words

condone

to overlook or disregard an offense, thereby implying forgiveness, acceptance or possibly approval of it

confrontation

a face to face encounter, usually suggesting a hostile or defiant attitude

conjecture

1) a conclusion based on inadequate evidence; a guess 2) to conclude from inadequate evidence; to guess

attrition

1) gradual waring down or weakening of resistance resulting from constant friction, pressure, or harrassment 2) a gradual, often natural decrease in size, strength, or number as a result of resignation, retirement, death or the like

augment

to make greater; become greater

augur

someone who can forecast the future by spotting various signs or indications of what is to come

connoisseur

someone with informed and discriminating judgement, especially in matters of art, literature or taste

consensus

collective uniformity of opinion; general agreement in feeling or belief

construe

to analyze, explain, interpret, or understand

consummate

1) complete or perfect in the highest degree 2) to bring to completion or perfection

copious

large in number of quantity; full

corpulent

fat and bulky

corroborate

to confirm the truth or accuracy of

counsel

1) advice secured through consultation 2) an adviser, especially a legal adviser 3) to advise or recommend as a course of action

credibility

the ability to inspire belief or trust

criterion

a standard or principle on which to base a judgement or decision

crucial

at a point that will determine the final outcome; of supreme importance

culpable

at fault; blameworthy

cursory

hasty and superficial

curtail

to shorten or reduce

cynical

inclined to doubt or deny the virtuousness or honesty of human motives; sneeringly bitter or negative

dapper

neatly and stylishly dressed

defect

1) a flaw or shortcoming 2) to desert one country, cause or the like for another

defer

1) to put off or postpone 2) to yield courteously to the wishes or judgements of someone else

dejected

in very low spirits

delete

to strike out or remove

delineate

to make an accurate line drawing or diagram of; to portray or describe in detail

delinquent

1) neglectful of a duty or obligation; seriously overdue 2) a person who fails to perform a duty; an offender

delude

to mislead or deceive

demure

modest and reserved in dress, manner, or behavior

denouement

the point at which the plot of a novel or drama is finally resolved; the outcome or solution of a complex sequence of events

desultory

shifting from one thing to another without reason or purpose; haphazard or random

deviate

1) to move away from, especially what is considered normal, right, or acceptable 2) a person who differs markedly in behavior, belief, or attitude from what is accepted as normal behavior

devoid

empty; lacking in

devout

deeply religious, earnest, or sincere

dexterous

skillful in using one's hands or mind; clever

dilapidated

fallen into disrepair or partial ruin, usually through neglect

dilatory

inclined to put things off; intended to postpone something

diligent

hardworking; thorough and persistent

dire

1) dreadful or disastrous; bleak or cheerless

discomfit

1) to defeat or frustrate completely 2) to perplex, confuse, or embarrass completely

discourse

1) an oral exchange of ideas or conversation; a lengthy discussion, either written or spoken 2) to talk about or discuss at length

discriminate

1) to distinguish between two or more things, often by perceiving minute differences 2) to behave unfairly toward a person or group because of prejudice

disparage

to speak slightingly of or undervalue

disparity

difference or inequality as of age, character, or quality

distraught

deeply distressed or agitated

divulge

to make known; make public

docile

easy to manage, teach, train, or discipline

dormant

inactive as if in sleep, suspended in use, growth or development

drastic

violently forceful and swift; extreme

duplicity

deliberate deception in speech or conduct

eclectic

1) choosing what seems best from various sources 2) one whose opinions and beliefs are drawn from various sources

effete

worn out of exhausted; marked by weakness, self indulgence or decadence

efficacious

capable of producing the desired effect

effrontery

shameless boldness

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