English 11-E Final; Literary terms

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Ms. LaTorre's 11-E literary terms

Alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse, same initial sound. EX: samantha sat soundly on the sofa sipping...

allusion

a reference to another work of literature, person, or event. Ex: he was a job when it came to patience.

antithesis

the direct opposite, a sharp contrast. ex: the child's light shone through the massive dark.

archetype

A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response

diction

author's word of choice

digression

moving away from the plot, moving away from the main theme.

figurative language

symbolic language that literary devices use to create special effects or feelings;

figures of speech

the literary diverse themselves.

hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor.

metaphor

an indirect comparison is made. a comparison without using like or as.

metonymy

A figure of speech in which something is referred to by using the name of something that is associated with it. ex: white house for president, big apple for new york city.

personification

embodies an inanimate object with human characteristics.

simile

a direct comparison is made using like or as.

understatement

states an idea with restraint to emphasize what is written. ex: weather man reports that today is going to be one of the hottest days of the year. He says its gonna be a warm one.

genre

a literary type or form. ex: drama is a genre which includes comedy, tragedy, and romance.

homophone

words that sound the same but have different spellings and meaning. ex: sea,see; nose, knows.

idiom

a phrase where the words together have a different meaning than the dictionary definition of the individual words. ex: the speaker broke the ice by telling a joke.

imagery

words or phrases, sensory details, a writer uses to represent objects, feelings, actions, or ideas to appeal to our senses. ex: red rose, blackest eyes.

inference

a conclusion about a character or event in a literary work drawn from the facts made available.

irony

when the unexpected occurs, , the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens. ex: the minister, on a rush to make it to service on time, pushed an elderly woman out of his way.

assonance

repetition of the same vowel sound. ex: that dolphin torn, that gong tormented.

blank verse

poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter

characterization

the method an author uses to describe characters and their personalities (what a character says, does, and reveals).

consonance

repetition of the same constant sound. ex: jake baked the cake.

couplet

two lines of poetry with the same meter and which often rhyme.

free verse

poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme.

mood

the feeling of the piece, the overall atmosphere of the work reflects it.

theme

expresses an opinion or makes a statement about the main ideas or topics of the literary work.

cinquain

a five line stanza of any meter or rhyme scheme.

prose

writing or speaking in the usual or ordinary from. (not poetry).

quatrain

a four line stanza of any meter or rhyme scheme.

tone

the writers attitude toward the subject.

oxymoron

combination of contradictory terms that form a new word or title. ex: jumbo shrimp

allegory

extended metaphor in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or generalization about life. ex: LOTF, no exit

ballad

a poem in verse form that tells a story

enjambment

the running over of a sentence or thought from one line to another. ex: me hurt my knee

haiku

japanese poetry. has three lines with 17 syllables. 5-7-5. subject is usually nature.

onomatopoeia

the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning. ex: clang, buzz, vroom.

anaphora

repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, lines.

pathetic fallacy

attribution of human feelings and characteristics to nature or inanimate things. ex: the angry sea, stubborn door.

point of view (first person)

a story told by an "I" narrator. An "I" narrator is a character in the story

point of view (omniscient)

the person telling the story knows everything about the characters and their problems

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