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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. criterion-related evidence
  2. mortality:
  3. meta-analysis
  4. experimental design
  5. history:
  1. a participant matching and omission
  2. b random selection, random assignment
  3. c is used to determine validity by comparing the instrument used in the study with another instrument or form of assessment presumed to measure the same variable. Two forms of criterion-related validity are predictive and concurrent.
  4. d a statistical procedure for examining the results of several research studies on the same topic and determining the congruence and divergence of outcome data
  5. e can be used to make cause-effect determinations

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the degree to which results of a study can be applied to to other settings or conditions
  2. used to describe participant characteristics or behaviors and do not involve the application of any treatment to participants
  3. random selection, random assignment
  4. The degree to which results of a study can be applied to other settings or conditions
  5. occur on those occasions on which participants in the study act according to expectations from inadvertent cues to the anticipated results of the study

5 True/False questions

  1. Methods of Control:randomization
    random assignment
    using participants as their own controls
    analysis of covariance


  2. external validitya researcher's ability to determine whether a causal relationship exists between the independent variable and the dependent variable.


  3. no-treatment control groupparticipants receive no treatment at all


  4. control of procedureunpredictable fluctuations in instruments, participants, or conditions


  5. What are the 4 ways to minimize threats to validity?1. Standardize the conditions in which the study occurs.
    2. Know the characteristics of the participants in the study
    3. Know the details of the study, such as where, when, and the extraneous events that may occur
    4. Plan and chose a suitable design


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