5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- using participants as their own controls
- correlational designs
- internal validity
- a This often occurs in single-subject experimental design or some pretest-posttest designs. This option provides high internal validity because participants serve as their own controls.
- b participant matching and omission
- c look at the degree and direction of the relationship between variables
- d random selection, random assignment
- e a researcher's ability to determine whether a causal relationship exists between the independent variable and the dependent variable.
5 Multiple choice questions
- can be used to make cause-effect determinations
- refer to the potential for a treatment protocol to have an effect based on the characteristics of the participant rather than those of the group as a whole
- refers to the change in performance caused by the mere presence of others watching.
- researchers manipulate variables or introduce a treatment to one participant or group over time and intently study effects
- a randomization process that is usually done after the research participants are selected to determine which participants will receive which value of the independent variable
5 True/False questions
experimenter bias → double blind study
panel study → includes the same sample of individuals surveyed at different times
testing: → random selection, random assignment
random error → or random sampling, is the process of drawing a research sample in which each member of a population has an equal chance ob being selected
no-treatment control group → participants are given a treatment unrelated to the real treatment