Orchestra Vocab.

Created by CamilleRogers 

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52 terms

a tempo

return to the original tempo

accent

stressed/harder pitch musical note

adagio

leisurely

allegretto

a quicker tempo than andante but not as fast as allegro

allegro

a brisk and lively tempo

andante

a moderately slow tempo (a walking pace)

andantino

(of tempo) moderately fast

arpeggio

a chord whose notes are played in rapid succession rather than simultaneously

beat

rhythm

cantabile

smooth and flowing, in a singing style

chord

a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together

chromatic pattern

Two or more notes in a sequence of half steps.

chromatic scale

a scale consisting of all half steps

composition

musical creation

concerto

a composition for orchestra and a soloist

crescendo

(music) a gradual increase in loudness

cut time

2/2 time signature

d.c. al coda

a repeat sign that means to go back to the beginning and play to the coda sign, then play the coda.

d.c. al fine

Repeat from the beginning and play to the end

d.s. al coda

go back to the sign, then play the coda section at the coda sign

d.s. al fine

go back to the sign and stop at the fine

decrescendo

(music) a gradual decrease in loudness

double stop

when two strings are played at the same time

expressivo

expressively

fermata

hold the note longer than its value

gavotte

music composed in quadruple time for dancing the gavotte

half step

a semi-tone. There are 12 half-steps in an octave

harmonic

a tone that is a component of a complex sound

hooked bow

two or more notes played in the same bow direction with a stop between each note

improvisation

an unplanned expedient

interval

the difference in pitch between two notes

key signature

the sharps or flats that follow the clef and indicate the key

ledger lines

lines written above or below the staff representing a continuation of the staff, used to indicate pitches above or below the staff

lento

(of tempo) slow

loure (portato) bowing

several notes are seperated by a SLUR by a very slight PAUSE in the bowing. This stroke is done without changing the direction of the bow

maestoso

majestically

moderato

(of tempo) moderate

musical form

the ways in which a composition is shaped to create a meaningful musical experience for the listener.

natural

of a key containing no sharps or flats

pizzicato

by means of plucking the strings instead of using the bow

presto

(of tempo) very fast

rallentando

gradually decreasing in tempo

ritardando

gradually decreasing in tempo

shifting

Sliding your left hand smoothly and lightly to a new location on the fingerboard.

sight-reading

reading and preforming a piece of music for the first time

slur

(music) a curved line spanning notes that are to be played legato

spiccato bowing

bowing in such a way that the bow bounces lightly off the strings

staccato

separating the notes

syncopation

a musical rhythm accenting a normally weak beat

tie

unite musical notes by a tie

upbeat

an unaccented beat (especially the last beat of a measure)

whole step

interval equal to two half steps

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