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38th parallel

-line of latitude that separated North and South Korea

Standoff at the 38th Parallel

-1950: NK attacks SK
-USA defends SK with Security Council voting to help
-15 nations lead by MacArthur
-surprise attacks from Pusan to Inchon repelled NK

Yalu River

-NK border with China
-UN drove NK
-Chinese help NK, now China vs America

Seoul Capture

-China drives Americans to the edge of SK
-cease-fire signed eventually

Kim Il Sung

-Communist leader of North Korea; his attack on South Korea in 1950 started the Korean War. He remained in power until 1994.

Kim Jong Il

-son of Kim Il Sung, became ruler of North Korea after his father's death

Ho Chi Minh

-young nationalist turned communist looking to overthrow French rule in Vietnam
-Indochinese Communist Party

Vietminh

-independence league founded by Ho
-fought french with Nationalists
-support in rural areas

Dien Bien Phu

In 1954, Vietminh rebels besieged a French garrison at Dien Bien Phu, deep in the interior of northern Vietnam. In May, after the United States refused to intervene, Dien Bien Phu fell to the communists.

domino theory

-one asian country falls, they all fall
-justified foreign policy in Cold War

Ngo Dinh Diem

-Southern, USA and French, anti-comm, Vietnam

Vietcong

-southern communist guerillas opposed to Ngo

Gulf of Tonkin

-two USA destroyers attacked
-made way for new flood of americans in nam

vietnamization

President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces

Khmer Rouge

-comm rebels in Cambodia

Pol Pot

-comm leader in Cambodia
-awful, lead genocide, tried to start back to year 0
-invaded by Vietnam

boat people

-vietnamese who tried to escape from oppressive comm takeover

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