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blank verse

an unrhymed iambic pentameter

characters who speak in blank verse

Brutus, Cassius, Caesar, Casca, Cicero, Antony (main characters; higher standard; more civilized)

characters who speak in prose

Flavius, Marullus, Cobbler, Cinna (minor characters; lower class characters; commoners)

what is a tradgedy?

fiction involving the downfall of a hero

what is a pun?

a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word

what is conflict (in general)?

the inherent incompatibility between the objectives of two or more charchters or forces

what are the external conflicts of the play?

-Caesar's side vs. Pompey's side
-Caesar vs. Cassius
-Caesar vs. tribunes (Marullus & Flavius)

what are the internal conflicts of the play?

Brutus vs. himself (his friendship with Caesar vs. his love for Rome)

what is a soliloquy?

an act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers (example when Cassius is ranting about his plan to corrupt Brutus); expresses their thoughts alone to the audience

iambic meter

a series of unstressed syllables followed by stressed syllables

iambic pentameter

a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymmed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing one accented syllable and one unaccented syllable

metaphor

figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblence; comparisson between two things without using like or as

similie

two unlike things are explicitly compared

what is a taper?

a candle

what is tyranny?

a government in which a single ruler is vested with absolute power

lest

to avoid risk; to fear

anachronism

one that is out of it's proper chronological order

complication

a confused or intricate relationship of parts

personification

artistic representation of an abstract quality or idea as a person

irony

the use of words to express something different from and often opposite to their literal meaning

dramaic irony

the dramatic effect achieved by a speech to show an incongruity of which charachters in the play remain unaware

situational irony

an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected

verbal irony

what is said is the opposite of what is meant (sarcasm)

what is an aside?

the part of an actor's line supposedly no heard by otherson the stage; intended for only the audience

Which is NOT a reason Portia gives Brutus as to why he should trust her?

She has stood up to the followers of Caesar.

After Caesar refuses to accept the crown offered by Antony, what physical weakness of Caesar's is revealed to both the crowd and the readers?

Caesar has epilepsy

At the beginning of Act II, Brutus can't sleep because

he is upset that Caesar will be crowned king.

Lucius is

Brutus' servant

How do the conspirators plan on getting Caesar to attend the Senate meeting?

they use flattery to trick Caesar

How does Decius interperet Calphurnia's dream?

the blood is sustaining blood that will revive Rome's citizens

What is the purpose of the notes Cassius sent with Cinna at the end of Act I?

To convince Brutus to join the conspiracy.

What message does the Soothsayer give to Julius Caesar?

Beware the Ides of March

Casca is described by Cassius as

lazy yet witty

Why are the conspirators so eager to have Brutus join them?

the people hold Brutus in high regard

In order to prove her strength to Brutus, Portia does all of the following except

talks about how she helped in the war against Gaul (she talks about Brutus chosing her to be his wife, she stabs herself in the leg, etc.)

Who says, "When beggars die, there are no comets/seen;/The heavens themselves blaze forth the death of/princes"

Calphurnia

Which character describes Caesar as "a serpent's egg," which should be "killed in the shell"?

Brutus

What does Brutus mean when he says "Our course will seem too bloody, Caius Cassius,/To cut the head off and then hack the limbs,/Like wrath in death and envy afterwards;/For Antony is but a limb of Caesar." (II.i. 160-163)

Antony should not be killed as he is no threat to the conspirators

Why does Caesar want fat, sleek-headed men around him?

they are non-threatening and submissive

The Feast of Lupercal is

A feritility festival

Which of the following unusual scenes was NOT witnessed by Casca in scene III of Act I?

A serpent breathing fire in the marketplace.

When the conspirators arrive at Brutus' home, how are they dressed?

in dark cloaks

What does Brutus feel is the most important value in life?

honor

According to Casca, how did Caesar react to being offered the crown three times?

He refused it three times but Casca could tell he wanted it.

Why do Flavius and Marullus demand that the decorations be removed from the statues in the opening scene?

They did not want the people to celebrate Caesar

What happens to Marullus and Flavius?

They are stripped of their tribuneship and are exiled/executed.

Who says, "O, he sits high in all the people's hearts;/And that which would appear offense in us,/His countenace, like richest alchemy,/Will change to virtue and to worthiness."

Casca

Who is Lepidus?

the third member of the 2nd Triumvirate

What is the best evidence that Shakespeare thinks mob mentality is dangerous?

he plebeians kill the wrong Cinna

Who says, "This is a slight unmeritable man, Meet to be sent on errands;" and who is it in reference to?

Antony/Lepidus

who says "The Ides of March are come." ?

Caesar

who says "I grant I am a woman, but withal/A woman well reputed, Cato's daughter." ?

Portia

who says "And I am Brutus, Marcus Brutus I!"

Lucilius

who says "Why, man, he doth bestride the narrow world like Colossus; and we petty men Walk under his huge legs, and peep about To find ourselves dishonorable graves." ?

Cassius

who says "Thou shalt see me at Philippi." ?

Caesar's ghost

who says "O pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, That I am meek and gentle with these butchers!'

Antony

who says "There is a tide in the affairs of men Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;"

Brutus

Who says, "Stoop, Romans, stoop, And let us bathe our hands in Caesar's blood Up to the elbows. . ."

Brutus

What does the quote mean?: "Men at some time are masters of their fates:
The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars,
But in ourselves, that we are underlings."

man determines his own destiny

at the funeral, Antony reads

a document that is supposedly Caesar's will

an orator is

someone good at public speaking

What does Calpurnia reveal in these lines, "The heavens themselves blaze forth the death of princes?"

she is fearful that dreams and events are foretelling Caesar's death

She is haunted by dreams of bleeding statues.

Calphurnia (Caesar's wife)

Before the battle of Phillipi he sees two eagles from the sky, and he starts to believe that this could be an omen foreshadowing his death.

Cassius

He is the first to stab Caesar

Casca

he tells Caesar to beware the ides of March

soothsayer

By reinterpreting Calpurnia's dream he convinces Caesar to go to the Senate.

Decius

He turns the plebeians against Brutus through subtle speech.

Antony

He was indebted to Cassius because Cassius once saved his life

Pindarus

He says, "Let's be sacrificers, but not butchers," which sums up his attitude about how the plot should be handled.

Brutus

She begs her husband to trust her with information about his plan.

Portia (Brutus' wife)

Who says, "But I am constant as the Northern star."?

Caesar

He is killed because of mistaken identity.

Cinna

Which set of characters traits best describes Brutus?

noble, naïve, idealistic

In his oration, Antony refers to the conspirators repeatedly as

honorable men

He tells Caesar the other Senators will think he is weak if Caesar does not go to the Senate.

Decius

Brutus acceptance of the message, "To tell thee thou shalt see me at Philippi" shows that...

he is ready to be tested by battle

In addressing the crowd, Brutus appeals primarily to the crowd's...

Logic and reason

Most of the lines of Julius Caesar are written in

iambic pentameter

What is the best evidence that Shakespeare thinks politicians and rhetoric can be dangerous?

Antony's "double speak" at Caesar's funeral speech

Why does Cassius kill himself?

he thinks he sent Titinius to his death

Who says, "Did this in Caesar seem ambitious?"

Antony

What does Lucilius do for Brutus?

he pretends to be Brutus and gets captured

By the end of play, what is happening to Cassius' personality?

he softens somewhat toward his friends

Who says, "'Et Tu...Brute?'"

Caesar

Which line best supports Caesar's attitude of bravery and stubbornness?

"I spurn thee like a cur out of my way. / Know, Caesar doth not wrong."

" Fear him not Caesar, he's not dangerous/He is a noble Roman, and well given."

Antony

Which is a way that Caesar is NOT warned about his death?

Decius' interpretation of the dream

Brutus feels a conflict between his...

love for Caesar and Love for Rome

Brutus joins the conspiracy because...

he fears that Caesar will become a tyrant.

What does Caesar mean when he says ". . .I am constant as the northern star, Of whose true-fixed and resting quality. There is no fellow in the firmament."

I am unlike other men: while they are fickle, I am firm.

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