Ecosystem Vocabulary

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5th Grade Ecosystem Vocabulary

mutation

a change caused by genes in an organism

offspring

a parent's child

adaptations

changes organisms make in order to survive

natural selection

a process with many changes over time that help an organism survive

community

the group of all the populations in an area

cycle

a repeating process or flow of materials through a system

ecosystem

all the living and nonliving things in an area

energy pyramid

a diagram showing the flow of energy through a food chain

habitat

the place in an ecosystem where an organism lives

niche

the job that an organism has in an ecosystem

population

a group of organisms of one species that live in an area at the same time

producer

an organism that makes its own food

consumer

an organism that eats other organisms for energy

decomposer

an organism that breaks down other organisms

food chain

a simple path of energy from one organism to another

herbivore

plant eater

carnivore

meat eater

photosynthesis

process a plant uses to change sunlight to energy

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