a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition or gov't or parliment)
theory of divine right
Theory that kings were chosen by God
A legal document written by English lords in 1215 that stated certain rights and limited the power of the King
Petition of Right
Told king he couldent tax without Parliment's consent
Puritan Revolution/English Civil war
Political and Religious revolution in England between 1640 and 1660. The monarchy was abolished in favor of a Republic led by Oliver Cromwell. It ended with the seating of Charles II on the throne. Also known as the English Revolution.
BIll of Rights
1689, no law can be suspended by the king; no taxes raised; no army maintained except by parliamentary consent. Established after The Glorious Revolution.
Glorious Revolution/William & Mary
known as the glorious revolution due to the fact that there was little blood shed when a new king came around
government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch's powers
Edict of Nantes
1598 - Granted the Huguenots liberty of conscience and worship.
- Called himself sun king, and so everything needed him, and revolved around him
-This French king ruled for the longest time ever in Europe. He issued several economic policies and costly wars. He was the prime example of absolutism in France
Christians reconquering spain from muslims
Phillip II of spain
he was the husband of mary tudor and led the spanish armada against queen elizabeth
the great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II in 1588
Ivan the terrible
(1533-1584) earned his nickname for his great acts of cruelty directed toward all those with whom he disagreed. He became the first ruler to assume the title Czar of all Russia.
Westernization of Peter the great
introduced potatoes, started a newspaper, raised women's statuses, orderened nobles to dress like westerners (cut beards), warm water port, opened up schools for science and arts