Victor Emmanuel II
(1820-1878) This king of Piedmont, Savoy, and Sardinia eventually became first king of a united Italy. He led the north in Italian unification and united with Garibaldi's south in 1861, driving the pope into the Vatican city, and eventually making Rome the capital of Italy.
(1819-1901) This queen of Great Britain oversaw the expansion of the British Empire and was crowned Empress of India. She famously claimed "the sun never sets on the British Empire."
(70 BCE - 19 CE) This ancient Roman poet wrote the Aeneid.
(1943-now) This Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, co-founded Solidarity, the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.
(1732-1799) He was the general of the United States in the Revolutionary War. He later became the first president of the United States.
(1736-1819) This Scottish inventor improved the steam engine, enabling it to power large machines.
(1859-1941) This German ruler during WWI insisted on building a big, modern navy to compete with Great Britain. He required Bismark to resign and pursued a policy of agression against the other major European powers.
William the Conqueror
(c. 1028-1087) This Norman king conquered England in 1066.
(1856-1924) He was the 28th president of the United States who, during WWI, negotiated peace based on the Fourteen Points and helped form the League of Nations.
(c. 87 BCE) He was the most powerful of the Han rulers who founded the imperial academy and established the civil service, and extended the empire's territory to include Manchuria, Korea, Indochina and central Asia.
(625-705) She was a Chinese empress who ruled during the Tang dynasty and unified the empire.
(1931-now) He was the first president of the Russian Republic which was formed in 1991 after the breakup of the Soviet Union.
(1371-1435) This Chinese explorer led 7 voyages westward under the Ming dynasty.