American foreign policy

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27 terms

george washington farewell address

He advised the nation: 1. to stay away from premenant alliances with foreign nations 2. stay away from political parties

imperialism

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.

Albert beveridge

A senator from Indiana. He is known for being a imperialist that believed we should expand everywhere we could because other countries were not capable of governing themselves.

Anti-imperialism

idea that felt US shouldnt be imperialistic, should be different than europe, thought imperialist movement was based on racism, editor el godkin, democratic politican william jennings bryan, addams, MARK TWAIN

emilio aguinaldo

Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.

philippine american war

fought to quell Filipino resistance to American control of the Philippine Islands. Filipino guerrilla soldiers finally gave up when their leader, Emilio Aguinaldo, was captured.

spanish-american war 1898

Conflict between the U.S. and Spain that began the rise of the U.S. as a world power. The U.S. gained possession of Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines as a result.

yellow journalism

it that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers

neutrality

nonparticipation in a dispute or war

America in WWI

Enters the war because: unrestircted submarine warfare, the Zimmerman telegram, US banks made $2 billion in trans to allies, "To make world safe for democracy"- Woodrow Wilson
With the arrival of Americans, the allies turn the tide and win the war

unrestricted submarine warfare

A policy that the Germans announced on January 1917 which stated that their submarines would sink any ship in the British waters

russian revolution

The revolution that overthrew Russian Czar Nicholas I in 1917. Later established the Bolshevik government under Vladimir Lenin.

America in WWII

Roosevelt's New Deal did slowly get America out of depression, but the main cause of America's cure from depression was...

Pearl Harbor

American base in Hawaii that was bombed by Japanese planes on December 7, 1941. The bombing of Pearl Harbor forced the United States to enter the war.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America at the order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman

harry truman

Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb

containment

a U.S. foreign policy adopted by President Harry Truman in the late 1940s, in which the United States tried to stop the spread of communism by creating alliances and helping weak countries to resist Soviet advances

cold war

A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.

dwight eisenhower

He was the U. S. general who led the attack in North Africa in Nov. of 1942.He was the master organizer of the D-Day invasion in Europe (June 6, 1944). He ran for the Republican ticket in the 1952 and the1956 elections and won. He was very well liked by the public.

Military industrial complex

Eisenhower first coined this phrase when he warned American against it in his last State of the Union Address. He feared that the combined lobbying efforts of the armed services and industries that contracted with the military would lead to excessive Congressional spending and that the only way to make money was go to war and use the weapons being made or sell them to countries and have weapons in the hands of other countries.

vietnam war

North Vietnam communist guerillas (viet cong) vs. USA and South Vietnam non-communists. America lost the war if the goal was to stop the spread of communism. People opposed because of the death toll and our involvement seemed pointless.

ron kovic

Wrote about the lack of support Americans had for veterans in book "Born on the Fourth of July"

george ball

one advisor against escalating the war in Vietnam. Warned everyone about the high amount of losses to expect for US soldiers.

kent state massacre

Students protesting the Cambodian Invasion were shot by the Ohio National Guard-four students were killed. Families were sent letters saying it was the parents fault for their child's death. Two people were shot who were just walking to class and two were involved in the protest.

george H W Bush

President after Reagan, President when Cold War ended and when Sadam Hussein invaded Kuwait, sent troops to Iran which started the Persian Gulf war

Iraq war

War in which US successfully took down a dominating dictator and is currently helping them "get back on their feet".

War in afghanistan

goal: remove Ben Laden, Al Qaeda and the Taliban government that supports them

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