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US History II

Militarism

a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests

Nationalism

the doctrine that nations should act independently (rather than collectively) to attain their goals

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare

Sinking ships without warning. German's sunk the Bristish passenger ship Lusitania May 1915. 1200 killed included 130 Americans. Wilson demanded reparations and apology. Bryan instructed to send memo to Germany, hesitant, but did. Germans said Lusitania was armed (false) and carrying military cargo (true, British was using civilians to shield war cargo). Bryan refused to write 2nd note and resigned as Sec of State. Replaced by Robert Lansing who DID write 2nd note, and Germans pledged not to use USWarfare, civilians would be allowed to evacuate

Zimmerman Note

Written by Arthur Zimmerman, a german foreign secretary. In this note he had secretly proposed a German- Mexican alliance. He tempted Mexico with the ideas of recovering Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. The note was intercepted on March 1, 1917 by the U.S. government. This was a major factor that led us into WWI.

Selective Service Act

This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.

War industries

Economic mobilization during World War I; federal control of the economy

Labor Boards

created to oversee attempts of laborers at negotiations and ensures compliance with the law

Liberty Bonds

Where people bought bonds so the government could get that money now for war. The bonds increased in interest over time.

Schenk

tried to encourage resistance to draft in WWI. Supreme court declared him guilty of violating the espionage act.

debs

Convited under teh Espionage Act, sentenced to 10 years in a federal prison

Sedition

an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government

Espionage Acts

two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI

Treat of Versailles

The peace treaty between Allies and Germany that formally ended WW1 on June 19, 1919.

Wilson & Europe

-angered republicans, not a single one on his delegation, made enmy of HCL

League of Nations

An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.

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