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Cervix:

necklike opening to the uterus

Clitoris:

a female sexual organ homologous to the penis

Corpus Luteum:

yellow endocrine tissue that forms in a ruptured Graafian follicle following the release of an ovum

D&C:

discharge

Endometriosis:

the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus

Endometrium:

(pregnancy) the mucous membrane that lines the uterus

Estrogen:

a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics

Fertilization (conception):

the union of one sperm cell and one egg cell

Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FHS):

stimulates follicle cell deveopment which surrounded each developing oocytes; estrogen is produced to mature oocytes

Hymen:

a fold of tissue that partly covers the entrance to the vagina of a virgin

Hysterectomy:

surgical removal of the uterus

Labia Majora:

the two outer folds of the vulva

Labia Minora:

Smaller pair of skin folds that protect the vaginal opening

Luteinizing Hormone (LH):

A tropic hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that targets the gonads. In females LH triggers ovulation and the development of a corpus luteum during the menstrual cycle; in males, LH stimulates the production and release of testosteron.

Menopause::

the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends

Menstruation:

the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause

Menstrual Cycle:

a recurring cycle (beginning at menarche and ending at menopause) in which the endometrial lining of the uterus prepares for pregnancy

Mons Pubis:

rounded, fleshy prominence located over the pubic symphysis

Orgasm:

the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse

Ovaries:

located one on each side of the uterus in the female pelvis, functioning to secrete estrogen and progesterone

Oviducts (Fallopian Tubes):

tubes located near each ovary that are responsible for carrying the egg to the uterus; site of fertilization; both empty into uterus

Ovulation:

the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)

PMS:

premenstrual syndrome

Progesterone:

a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary

pubis:

one of the three sections of the hipbone

Toxic Shock Syndrome:

syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus

Tubal Ligation:

blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occurring

Urethra:

tube that carries urine from the bladder and releases it from the body; in males, tube through which semen is released from the body

Uterus:

womb

Vagina:

in the human female reproductive system, a canal that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body

Vulva:

external parts of the female genitalia

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