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Mrs. Harrington's class of 2012

Allegory

referring to a large object with something small

Allusion

reference to text

Alliteration

a repetition of the first letter in each word

Anecdote

short narrative about a certain incident

Antagonist

character who opposes main character

Characterization

stereotypical view of a character without the author describing him/her

Climax

the most exciting part of a story

Complicating Incident

the way the conflict is introduced

Conflict

the problem the character has

First Person

form the character's point of view

Flashback

reference to earlier text

Foreshadowing

giving hints to the plot

Hyperbole

statement used to make an effect, exaggeration

Irony

When the reader knows something the character doesn't

Metaphor

comparing similar things without using like or as

Mood

the feeling of the setting and plot

Onomatopoeia

sound word

Parallelism

every sentence has a similar structure

Personification

object or idea given human characteristics

Protagonist

the main character

Repetition

a word or phrase is repeated to show emphasis

Sarcasm

a tone of voice used to convey witty comments

Setting

the environment in which a story takes place

Theme

main idea or message, usually about universal truths

Third Person Limited

narrator only knows what can be observed

Third person Omniscient

narrator knows all

Understatement

speaker says less than one feels

Willing Suspension of Disbelief

reader putting aside own beliefs to accept the world the author creates

Romanticism

18th & 19th century literary movement depicting emotion and beauty

Litotes

conscious understatement achieving opposite effects

Verb

an action or state of being

Adjective

word used to describe, modify, or limit a noun or pronoun

Adverb

word used to modify, describe, or limit a verb

Interjection

word used to show surprise or emotion

Conjunction

Used to connect words, phrases or clauses. ex. F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.

Preposition

a word that is used with a noun or pronoun to form a prepositional phrase

Noun

person, place, thing, or idea

Style

how the author shows his/her personality in words

Organization

ideas flowing from one idea to the next naturally

Content

the information that helps one make a point

Focus

staying on track and responding to the given prompt

Conventions

the common rules of writing

Classic

a piece of writing that has endured from generations before

Idealism

behavior or thought based on vision of how things ought to be rather than how they are

Foil

a secondary character who contrasts the major character

Dynamic (Round) Character

changes by the end of the plot

Static (Flat) Character

one who doesn't change by the end of the plot

Verisimilitude

appearance of truth

Stereotypical Character

easily accepted by readers without development

Resolution

conflict is resolved

Aphorism

pithy observation that contains a truth

Narrator

Speaker who tells the story

Point of View

perspective from which the story is told

Rising Action

part of the story in which tension rises leading to the climax

Structure

how a story is put together, the plot

Suspense

techniques used to keep the reader interested

Tone

writer's attitude toward elements in the story

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