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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Thylakoid
  2. Cell wall
  3. Cytosol
  4. Tissue
  5. Cell
  1. a A membrane system found within chloroplasts that contains the components for photosynthesis.
  2. b In biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells are covered by a membrane and contain DNA and cytoplasm.
  3. c The soluble portion of the cytoplasm, which includes molecules and small particles, such as ribosomes, but not the organelles covered with membranes.
  4. d A rigid structure that supports the cell membrane and provides support to the cell.
  5. e A collection of specialized cells and cell products that perform a specific function.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. An organism made up of cells that have a nucleus enclosed by a membrane, multiple chromosomes, and a mitotic cycle; eukaryotes include animals, plants, and fungi but not bacteria or archaea.
  2. An organelle that is composed of two short microtubules at right angles to each other and that has an active role in mitosis.
  3. A system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and that assists in the production, processing, and transport of proteins in the production of lipids.
  4. Group of organs that accomplish related tasks.
  5. In physical science, an atom's central region, which is made up of protons and neutrons.

5 True/False Questions

  1. ChloroplastA type of hydrocarbon in which some or all of the hydrogen atoms are replaced by chlorine and fluorine; used in coolants for refrigerators and air conditioners and in cleaning solvents.


  2. OrganelleOne of the small bodies that are found in cytoplasm of a cell and that are specialized to perform a specific function.


  3. MicrofilamentA fiber found inside eukaryotic cells that is composed mainly of the protein actin and that has a role in cell structure and movement.


  4. MicrotubuleOne of the small, tubular fibers composed of the protein tubulin that are found in the cytoplasm of the eukaryotic cells, that compose the cytoskeleton, and that play a role in cell structure and movement.


  5. LysosomeA cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of protein synthesis.


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