ap us final study guide

46 terms by freddy109520

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Erie Canal

an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo

Spoils System

the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power

Tariffs

Taxes on imports or exports

Pet Banks

State banks where Andrew Jackson placed deposits removed from the federal National Bank.

William lloyd Garrison

1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.

Frederick Douglass

United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895)

Seneca Falls

The site of the women's rights convention that met in July in 1848. They met in the Wesleyan Chapel, and 300 men and women attended. At the convention, they vote in the Seneca Falls Declaration, which was signed by 32 men.

Row Houses

narrow houses set up in cities and towns to minimize space. The houses were built wall to wall in long rows. They had neither front yards nor back yards, but instead narrow alleys to separate the houses.

Jim Crow Laws

Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights

Muckrakers

This term applies to newspaper reporters and other writers who pointed out the social problems of the era of big business. The term was first given to them by Theodore Roosevelt.

Booker T. Washington V. Dubois

Two black leaders; Washington is moderate/conservative for the time, urging patience and not an end to segregation. DuBois wants equality.

The Jungle

This 1906 work by Upton Sinclair pointed out the abuses of the meat packing industry. The book led to the passage of the 1906 Meat Inspection Act.

Panama Canal

a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)

Dollar Diplomacy

President Taft's policy of linking American business interests to diplomatic interests abroad

Zimmermann Telegram

January 1917 the British intercepted a telegram from the German government to the Mexican government offering German support if Mexico declared war against the US; offered to return land Mexico lost the US

Fourteen Points

the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations

Treaty of Versailles

the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

Automobile

4-wheeled motor vehicle

Herbert Hoover and the depression

"Hoovervilles" used to describe the housing homeless people in depression under Hoover had; Hoover heavily criticized for his non-action during depression

Bonus army

Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash

FDR and the Depression

Self-less; New Deal; Square Deal; Helpd build the morale of Americans suffering in hte Great Depression as well as heal the economy and Stock Market and prevent it from happening in the future.

New Deal Acts

economic and social reforms during the depression: Tennessee Vally Act (set up tenessee valley authority to help rebuild the region), Social Security Act, Emergency Banking Act (Govt insures peoples cash), Natl. Industrial Recovery Act( Public works, labour laws)

Scottsboro Boys

Nine young black men between the ages of 13 to 19 were accused of of raping two white women by the names of Victoria Price and Ruby Bates. All of the young men were charged and convicted of rape by white juries, despite the weak and contradictory testimonies of the witnesses

Japan and Manchuria

1931- Japan defies Open Door Policy and Leage of Nations and systematically begins taking over Manchuria; renames it Manchucko.

Manhattan Project

code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II

Axis Powers

in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.

Operation Overlord

the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day

Operation Torch

Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from Novermber 1942 to September 1943

Bataan Death March

April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so may of the prisoners died en route.

Johnson Great Society

A set of reforms set up by Johnson to help the poor, urban society; programs include: Medicare/aid, aid to poor schols, aboloshing immigration quotas, 2 new cabinet departments etc

Chief Justice Earl Warren

The man who said "separate is inequal," he also gave the majority vote. ,Accepted cases involving controversial issues, particularly civil rights and the rights of the accused

Malcolm X

Black Muslim who argued for separation, not integration. He changed his views, but was assassinated in 1965.

Martin Luther King

United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks (1929-1968)

Betty Friedan

United States feminist who founded a national organization for women (born in 1921)

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President Johnson to take military action in Vietnam

Freedom Summer

In 1964, when blacks and whites together challenged segregation and led a massive drive to register blacks to vote.

Kent State

Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand, the Nat'l Guard was called in and killed 3 students (innocent & unarmed,wounded 9) in idiscriminate fire of M-1 rifles

Nixon in china and the Soviet Union

detente; attemps at peace talks in hope of ending the Cold War between the current US president and leaders of the primary Comunist Countries

Watergate

a political scandal involving abuse of power and bribery and obstruction of justice

Neil Armstrong

1st person to walk on the moon; U.S. Apollo 11; July, 1969; his famous words - "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

Carter presidency

many Middle East skirmishes including the beginins of the first Iraq war and the Iran Hostage Situation; OPEC oil issue; push for conservation

Iran Hostage

1978 - President Carter allowed the Shah to come to the U.S. for medical reasons. Young Iranian militants broke into the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and kept the staff hostage for 444 days, releasing them January, 1981

Ronald Reagan and the "evil empire"

reagan viewed soviets as being aggressive/expansionists

Iran Contra

Iran-contra affair, in U.S. history, secret arrangement in the 1980s to provide funds to the Nicaraguan contra rebels from profits gained by selling arms to Iran.

Strategic Defense Initiative

Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.

Three Mile Island

1979 - A mechanical failure and a human error at this power plant in Pennsylvania combined to permit an escape of radiation over a 16 mile radius.

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