Family Final Exam

94 terms by Camsaunders 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Culture

A set of values, behaviors, attitudes and practices
within a system, organization, program or among
individual that enables people to work effectively
across cultures. It refers to the ability to honor and
respect beliefs, language interpersonal styles and
behaviors of individuals and families receiving
services, as well as staff who are providing such
services. Cultural Competence is a DYNAMIC,
ONGOING, DEVELOPMENTAL PROCESS the
requires long-term commitment."

Cultural diversity

Cultural variability or differences in care meanings,
patterns, values, symbols and life ways among and
between cultures (ex. race, ethnicity, sex, age, socioeconomic status, abilities, family structure)

race

Categorization of people based on
physical properties and biological
heredity
•Concerns:
•Arbitrary
•Social Construct

ethnicity

A group's sense of "peoplehood" based on a
combination of race, religion, ancestral history
and nationality. Involves a multilayered sense
of shared values and understandings witching
groups that fulfill a deep psychological need for
identity and historical continuity.

stereotype

•Fail to recognize individual differences
•Labeling
•Everyone from a particular culture is viewed as
the same and perceived as "fixed"
•Can lead to :
•Discrimination
•Non-acceptance
•Exclusion
•Perception of performance

acculturation

Exposure of persons from one
culture group to another.

ethnocentrism

•Views your culture's way of doing
things as the only right way.
•Views other ways as inferior,
unnatural or even barbaric.

culture shock

The physical and emotional
discomfort one suffers when coming
to live in another country or a place
different from the place of origin."

culture relativism

The perspective that cultures are
neither inferior or superior to
one another and that there is
no single scale measuring the
value of culture.

cultural competency

A set of values, behaviors, attitudes and practices
within a system, organization, program or among
individual that enables people to work effectively
across cultures. It refers to the ability to honor and
respect beliefs, language interpersonal styles and
behaviors of individuals and families receiving
services, as well as staff who are providing such
services. It is a DYNAMIC,
ONGOING, DEVELOPMENTAL PROCESS the
requires long-term commitment."

cultural sensitivity

Awareness of other's culture and understand
that others may view health beliefs, values,
knowledge and behaviors differently.

cultural awareness

Self exploration of personal cultural beliefs,
values, knowledge and behaviors

culture

"The learned and shared beliefs , values and lifeways
of a designated or particular group which are
generally transmitted intergenerationally and
influence one's thinking and actions."

cultural values

"The learned and shared beliefs , values and lifeways
of a designated or particular group which are
generally transmitted intergenerationally and
influence one's thinking and actions."

values orientation

"The learned and shared beliefs , values and lifeways
of a designated or particular group which are
generally transmitted intergenerationally and
influence one's thinking and actions."

The physical and emotional
discomfort one suffers when coming
to live in another country or a place
different from the place of origin."

What are the five stages of culture shock?

lung cancer, liver cancer, cervical cancer, TB, hepatitis, CAD, parasite infections, mental health, HIV, abuse

Health risks of Asian Americans (12)

region-regardless of race, creed, or color,
whose origins are Mexican, Puerto Rican,
Cuban, Central or South American, or of some other Hispanic origin.

What does Hispanic refer to?

1. Heart disease
2.Cancer
3.Unintentional injuries
4.Diabetes
5.Chronic liver disease and
6. Chronic lower respiratory disease
7.Stroke
8.Suicide
9.Nephritis, Nephrotic syndrome, and Nephrosiscirrhosis
10.Influenza and pneumonia

Leading causes of death in Native Americans

Health Beliefs systems

Define and categorize health and illness
•Offer explanatory models for illness
•Based upon theories of the relationship between
cause and the nature of illness and treatments
•Defines the specific "scope" of practice for
healers

make it better, take control, sooner than later, therapeutic aggressiveness, future orientation (plan) standardization

culture over western medicine

Others"
• Accept With Grace
• Balance/Harmony with Nature
• Wait and See
• Cautious Deliberation
• Gentle Approach
• Take Life As It Comes - "Time
Honored"
• Individualize - Recognize
Differences

other cultures & medicine

Arab Americans

Who's barriers?
• Accept With Grace
• Balance/Harmony with Nature
• Wait and See
• Cautious Deliberation
• Gentle Approach
• Take Life As It Comes - "Time
Honored"
• Individualize - Recognize
Differences

christianity, judaism, islam

3 major religions of Arab Americans

coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitis

2 major diseases of Arab Americans

 Higher cancer deaths
 HIV
 Hypertension
 Obesity
 Mental health concerns

Health concerns of Black Americans 5

poverty, lack of health insurance, unsafe enviroment

3 barriers to care of african americans

homeless

person with no fixed nighttime
residence or who has a nighttime residence at a
temporary shelter

Episodic homelessness

Stage 1 of homelessness (usually on drugs, jump around from homelessness, shelters, jails, and residences, and rehab centers) typically a younger generation

temporary homelessness

Stage 2 of homelessness (transitional-- usually from crisis)

chronic homelessness

stage 3 of homelessness (1 year or more) usually disabled

access, affordability, transportation, poverty

Barriers to care for homeless poplulation

 Basic survival issues
 Respiratory and infectious diseases
 Dental and vision problems
 Mental health concerns (substance/drug abuse)

Health concerns for homeless population

fatalistic orientation

perception that the person has no control over his or her life -- Leads to lower participation in screening programs-- typical belief of patient with AIDS

1 million people in US

How many people in US are infected with AIDS

prevention (most important), rapid diagnosis, symptom mangement

HIV strategies (3)

LDL

Bad cholesterol is called...

metabolic syndrome

excessive abdominal fat (35inches in women &40 inches in men) elevated BP (130/80) Low HDL (lower than 40) elevated triglyceride (>150)

food pyramid

Fruits - eat 2 cups everyday
• Vegetables - eat 2.5 cups everyday
• Grains - eat 6 oz everyday
• Milk - get 3 cups everyday
• Meats and Beans -eat 5.5 oz everyday

calcium and dairy products and vitamin d

What should you give someone with osteoporosis?

foods from plant sources

What should you give a cancer patient?

breastfeed

What should you have a HIV patient avoid to do?

use folic acid

What should you advise pregnant women to take during pregnancy?

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension

What does DASH stand for?

DASH eating plan

- Is low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and total fat
- Focuses on fruits, vegetables, and fat-free or low-fat
milk and milk products
- Is rich in whole grains, fish, poultry, beans, seeds, and
nuts
- Contains fewer sweets, added sugars and sugary
beverages, and red meats than the typical American
diet

(kg)/(m2) or [lb/(inches2)] x's 703

Formulas for BMI

18.5

Underweight BMI

25

Overweight BMI

30

Class 1 Obese BMI

35

Class 2 Obese BMI

40

Class 3 Obese BMI

calorie count

involves documentation of all foods and beverage either by client of by meal/snacks in room

L: Listen with sympathy and understanding to
the person's perceptions of the problem.
• E: Explain personal perceptions of the
problem
• A: Acknowledge and discuss differences and
similarities
• R: Recommend treatment
• N: Negotiate an agreement.

What does LEARN stand for concerning a clinically obese patient?

Mad Cow disease

prions attacks nervous system

E coli

bacteria related cause diarrhea, while others cause urinary tract infections, respiratory illness and pneumonia, and other illnesses.

salmonellosis

an infectious disease of the intestines that is transmitted by food contaminated with feces

role

scripted sets of behaviors, normally defined

role expectations

based on social norms, vary accordingly across cultures, evolve with society

blocker

a group member who routinely rejects others views and stubbornly disagrees with emerging group decisions

placator

(noun) someone who tries to make others feel less angry about something; tries to make others calm and happier

Family resiliency model

Resiliency and ability to recover from adverse
events leads to growth and strengthening of
the family.

stressor

A life event - additions
or deletion of role(s)
and/or resources - that
affects the family unit
and can produce a
change in the family's
social system.

family strain

when a family
successfully manages the
tension of the stressor

family stress

when family cannot
mange the tension; a perceived
imbalance

when family cannot
mange the tension; a perceived
imbalance

family amount of stress

healthy coping

Active, effective, adaptive efforts
and use of resources that are
combined as families attempt to
manage the stressor

Action to reduce the demands
Action to obtain additional resources
Managing tensions and relieving stress
Reappraising the situation using
reframing strategies

4 strategies for healthy coping

family and family member health

Phase 1 participation in health promoting
behaviors
 participation in risk reduction
behaviors

family vulnerability and symptom experience

Phase 2Awareness of symptoms indicating possible
illness.
 Application of folk medicine or self medicine.
 Turning to family members for advice/help.

sick role and family appraisal

phase 3acceptance of the sick role by
family and ill family member
 adjustment or adaptation of the
family to the sick role

Medical contact--diagnosis

Phase 4 Establish relationship with health
professionals.
 Gather information about diagnosis.
 Acceptance of diagnosis.

Illness Career/Family adaptation

Phase 5 accept treatment plan, reallocation of tasks, maintain positive relationships between health care providers

recovery/rehabilitation

Phase6 relinquish sick role, obtain new normal enter phase 1 again

Chronic adjustment/adaptation

Phase 7 Establish new definitions of normal as illness
requires
 Adjustment/Adaptation to altered social
relationships and stigma of disability
 Maintains relationship with health team
 Completion of grieving process relative to
losses incurred or anticipated from disability

Death

Phase 8-Working through individual and
family grief.
 Reorganization of family to fill
vacant roles left by the deceased.

denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance

Stages of grief by Kuber Ross (5 stages)

alternative therapies

A popular system of health beliefs and practices
Folk remedies
Anything outside of the Allopathic Biomedical Model

homeopathy

like treats like

HIV

What is the fourth leading cause of death for Puerto Ricans?

Spanish-American War

What lead to The United States gaining Puerto Rico?

Rumspringa

Children will leave the Amish home to experience modern society before choosing to be baptized. This is known as:

Holmes County Ohio

Where is the largest population of Amish located in the United States?

true

Black/African Americans are at least 1.5 times more likely to develop hypertension than Caucasian Americans

Grandmother is taken in by the younger generation in the family to be cared for

Grandmother is taken in by the younger generation in the family to be cared for

Taking into consideration African American cultural values concerning elders, which is the situation most likely seen within the family?

Shows affection in public
Lives in a family which includes their grandparents
Speaks another language other than English at home
Sees the male as the head of the household

Which of the following is NOT a quality found in a typical Cuban American?

catholicism

What is the main religion practiced among Cuban-Americans?

do not shake hands

What is an appropriate way to greet an Iranian of the opposite gender?

False

As a nurse when you first meet an elderly German patient you would want to avoid eye contact and call them by their first name.

a) three to four generations live together
b)related to each other through out kinship ties
c) share common income and property
d)provide security and support for each other

Which of the following are true about India Joint Family System?

truth

The Sanatana Dharma is the search for the...

nature all things are connected

What are most Native American Indian religions focused on?

side by side conversation

What kind of arrangement do Native American Indians like when having a conversation with another Native American Indian?

Separation of religion and government

In terms of Turkey being "secular", what does this mean?

Islam

What is the dominant religion of Turkey?

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set