Use of historically inaccurate details in a text; for example, depicting a 19th-century
character using a computer
regular repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases or
clauses. For example, "We shall fight in the trenches. We shall fight on the oceans. We
shall fight in the sky."
juxtaposition of sharply contrasting
ideas in balanced or parallel words or phrases
A figure of speech in which a person, thing, or abstract quality is addressed as if present;
for example, the invocation to the muses usually found in epic poetry.
elaborate or strained figure of speech, usually a metaphor or simile.
The repetition of two or more consonants with a change in the intervening vowels, such
as pitter-patter, splish-splash, and click-clack.
Substitution of a milder or less direct expression for one that is harsh or blunt. For
example, using "passed away" for "dead."
The use of angry and insulting language in satirical writing
lso called anastrophe, in literary style and rhetoric, the syntactic reversal of the normal order of the words and phrases in a sentence, as, in English, the placing of an adjective after the noun it modifies ("the form divine"), a verb before its subject ("Came the dawn"), or a noun preceding its preposition ("worlds between")
1. verbal irony is when an author says one thing and means something else.
2. dramatic irony is when an audience perceives something that a character in the literature does not know.
3. irony of situation is a discrepency between the expected result and actual results.
Using a vaguely suggestive, physical object to embody a more general
idea: CROWN for royalty; the PEN is mightier than the SWORD.
using a part of a physical object to represent the whole object: "Twenty
eyes watched our every move