World War I

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When did the 'Great War' end? (date and time)

Nov 11 1918, at 11:00 am. Many guns kept firing up until minutes before though, as some, such as American President Harry Truman, felt that the Germans had to be flat-out beaten.

Who were the 'Allies'?

France, Britain and their colonies, Russia, Italy and later the Americans.

True or False: At the beginning of the war, Canadian men had to get written permission from their wives to enlist.

True!

What happened June 28, 1914?

The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. It's said that they couldn't get him out of his uniform in time to stop the bleeding, because he insisted on being sewn into his clothes.

What did women do during the war?

Women worked in war industries, manufacturing weapons and supplies, joined branches of the armed forces, or became nurses.

How big did rats in the trenches get?

As big as cats, from eating the dead, and the wounded if they couldn't defend themselves.

Define 'conscription'

A policy put into place that requires all young men to be ready for military or other service.

What happened after the war that caused 20 million people to die?

A worldwide pandemic of influenza, Spanish Flu. It killed more people than the war did.

What is 'no man's land'?

The land between opposing trench lines.

The average age for a fighter pilot was 20. What was the average age for a fighter pilot to be killed?

21. Most fighter pilots had only a few hours in-flight training, so as a result they lasted on average three weeks at the Front.

What was the Treaty of Versailles?

An agreement created by leaders of Britain, United States and France, that Germany was forced to sign after losing the war. Among other things, it forced Germany to pay reparations to the Allies. Germany finally paid these off in 2010.

Who were Billy Bishop, the 'Red Baron', and Willy Coppens?

Fighter pilots/aces. Arguably among the most famous of the war, Canadian Billy Bishop's favourite method of shooting down enemies was by playing chicken with them, the German 'Red Baron was so revered as a pilot that when he was shot down the British carried his flower-covered body to a hangar for people to pay respects, and Belgium's Willy Coppens was known as the war's best 'balloon buster'.

True or false: men with 'shell-shock' were considered cowards.

True. At first, it was thought that men were simply pretending to be ill to get out of fighting. Towards the end of the war, the term 'shell-shock' was banned and these men were labelled as 'Not Yet Diagnosed Nervous (or 'Not Yet Dead Nearly', as soldiers nicknamed it). Today, it's known as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.

What battle was considered the first major Canadian victory?

Vimy Ridge. It was from this and other battles that Canadians became reputed as 'storm troops'.

What year did the United States join the War?

1917, meaning that they were in the war for only about seven months.

As morphine was in short supply, what was often used for wounded soldiers to alleviate pain?

Brandy, champagne or port.

True of False: at one point, half the French army mutinied.

True. In May 1917, approximately half of the French army mutinied, with 20,000 soldiers deserting outright because of the huge losses France was suffering. At the end of the war, some 11% of France's entire population was killed or wounded.

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