war guilt cause
this was part of the treaty of versailles that blamed the start of WW1 solely on Germany
Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocoust.
-______ nationalism spurred independence movements
-European nations had been torn apart by WWII
-U.S. and the Soviet Union called for an end to European Imperialsm in _____.
America in WWI
Enters the war because: unrestircted submarine warfare, the Zimmerman telegram, US banks made $2 billion in trans to allies, "To make world safe for democracy"- Woodrow Wilson
With the arrival of Americans, the allies turn the tide and win the war
the former policy of racial segregation and oppression in the Republic of South Africa
practice of giving in to an aggressor nation's demands in order to keep peace
Arab Israeli Peace Process
Anwar Sadat (prime minister of Egypt) took a step towards peace by visiting Israel in 1977
bomb dropped by an American bomber on Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities
the holy man, came to power and started Islamic fundamentalist movement
Battle of Britain
German air forces invaded Britain but the British Royal Air Force drove them out with the help of the new invention radar that let them know where the German planes were
Battle of El Alamein
(1942) World War II battle in which the Britain won a decisive victory over Germany in Egypt, securing the Suez Canal
Soviets blockaded west Berlin. U.S. used massive airlift planes to supply the city .Built by Soviet Union to separate east and west Berlin
established democracy after Gorbachev was driven form power in August Coup of 1991
leader of Chinese nationalist who retreated to Taiwan after communist leader Mao Zedong rook over china in 1949
Cuban Missle Crisis
Soviets shipped nuclear missiles into Cuba. U.S. had nuclear missiles in Turkey. Both later signed a treaty to remove the nuclear missiles from Turkey and Cuba.
Allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944
Division of Germany
Germany was temporarily split As a consequence of Germany's defeat in World War II and the onset of the Cold War into West Germany (U.S., Britain, and France) and East Germany (Soviet Union.
heroic effort by the British Royal navy and civilians in private boats to evacuate 338000 trapped Allied
In 1969, a soccer war broke out between El-Salvador and Honduras. Had a civil war (1977-1991), communists vs. right winged dictatorship
Gained control of Cuba and made it a communist nation. Cuba then became an ally of Soviet Union
Five Year Plans
Economic goals set for increased industrial production under Joseph Stalin
Great Leap Forward
an attempt to rapidly increase China's agricultural and industrial output 1958-61-they failed.
In September 1994, america invaded Haiti to Re install freely-elected President Aristide. poorest nation in western hemisphere
When the Hungarians tried to win their freedom from the Communist regime in 1956, they were crushed down by Soviet tanks
"the age of racism".
domination of one country by another country and or region
India and Pakistan
-in 1947, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi India gained independence form Great Britain
-Nation of India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim) were created.
Sunni (80%) and Shiite (20%) and Druze
Islamic Fundamentalist Movement
1979- Osama bin Laden, former leader of the Al-Qaida. associated with 9/11
-2003 america drives Saddam Hussein from power under the pretenses of weapons of mass destruction and links to Al-Qaida
occupied by America from 1945-52 under General Douglass Macarthur, demilitarized, democratic government-parlimentary democracy, rebuild economy=Economic Miracle, one of the strongest economy today
The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea. war fought by America against China
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
civil war broke out between Christians and Muslims in 1975
still a war torn country today
Home to many Palestinian refugees.
In 1980, led the polish labor union solidarity in a series of strikes to protest living and working conditions in Poland
Panama leader who was overthrown in a 1989 US invasion; Tried and imprisoned for drug trafficking
in 1949, the communists came to power under _________ in China after defeating the nationalists under Chiang Kai-Shek
-Chinese nationalists retreat to Taiwan
helped to rebuild western Europe by giving these nations $13 billion
has OIL!! capital=Venezuela
An American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers. (used to bully Cuba)
North American Treaty Organization. military alliance with U.S. Canada and 10 European emocracies
in 1979, the communists came to power in this country
-civil war broke out between communists and the american backed contras
-in 1990 free elections were held=no more communism
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, influences oil prices, led by Saudi Arabia
Operation Dessert Storm
January 1991 this operation was launched to liberate Kuwait and Iraq was defeated in 6 weeks
1840-1842. Great Britain vs. china.
-china was defeated and forced sign an unequal and humiliating treaty.
-treaty of Nanking-Great Britain occupied china for 135 yrs
-had extraterritoriality -other nations try to force unequal treaties on China after this war
-China was divided into spheres of influence
-Open Door Policy stopped imperial powers form carving China up into colonies
In 1978, america signed a treaty to give the _____ canal back by 2000.
-in December 1989 america invaded to arrest their drug-dealing leader
-one of Gorbachev's reforms
-introduced more freedom to the economy
-restructing/ rebuilding economy
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
Collapse of the czar's government in Russia in 1917, after which the Russian monarchy was replaced with a republican government
Russo Japanese War
Russia loses to Japan, 1st time western nation beaten by Asian country; need for reforms
when the Russians retreated and burned crops and villages
Indians revolted against the unfair British rule (bite cartriges greased with animal fat)
two main types of Muslims
cooperation and loyalty based on unity of interests and beliefs
Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania; Warsaw Pact
Spanish Civil War
Conflict started by Francisco Franco in which Hitler is able to experiment with blitzkreig warfare
Start of WWI
Archduke Franz Ferdinand shot in Serbia
German "blank check"- Germany gives Austrians permission to declare war on Serbia
a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia
a policy to resist communist expansion around the world - containment
-helped Greece and Turkey against communist pressures by giving them $400 million in economic and military aid
U.N. Security Council
a body of 5 great powers (which can veto resolutions) and 10 rotating member states, which makes decisions about international peace and security including the dispatch of UN peacekeeping forces
Promised Russia peace bread and land. communists came to power
Was the democratic government which ruled over Germany form 1919 to 1933. Was Germany's first democracy and it failed miserably.
After World War I, this United States president sought to reduce the risk of war by writing the Fourteen Points that influenced the creation of the League of Nations.
This country was created after WWI uniting ethnicities that spoke similar Slavic languages
I love who I am