MWC FINAL EXAM

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68 terms · all of what to study for finals

war guilt cause

this was part of the treaty of versailles that blamed the start of WW1 solely on Germany

Adolf Hitler

Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocoust.

African Independence

-______ nationalism spurred independence movements
-European nations had been torn apart by WWII
-U.S. and the Soviet Union called for an end to European Imperialsm in _____.

America in WWI

Enters the war because: unrestircted submarine warfare, the Zimmerman telegram, US banks made $2 billion in trans to allies, "To make world safe for democracy"- Woodrow Wilson
With the arrival of Americans, the allies turn the tide and win the war

Apartheid

the former policy of racial segregation and oppression in the Republic of South Africa

Appeasement

practice of giving in to an aggressor nation's demands in order to keep peace

Arab Israeli Peace Process

Anwar Sadat (prime minister of Egypt) took a step towards peace by visiting Israel in 1977

Atomic Bomb

bomb dropped by an American bomber on Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities

Ayatollah Khomeini

the holy man, came to power and started Islamic fundamentalist movement

Bangladesh

east pakistan

Battle of Britain

German air forces invaded Britain but the British Royal Air Force drove them out with the help of the new invention radar that let them know where the German planes were

Battle of El Alamein

(1942) World War II battle in which the Britain won a decisive victory over Germany in Egypt, securing the Suez Canal

Berlin Wall

Soviets blockaded west Berlin. U.S. used massive airlift planes to supply the city .Built by Soviet Union to separate east and west Berlin

Boris Yelstin

established democracy after Gorbachev was driven form power in August Coup of 1991

Chiang Kai-Sek

leader of Chinese nationalist who retreated to Taiwan after communist leader Mao Zedong rook over china in 1949

Cuban Missle Crisis

Soviets shipped nuclear missiles into Cuba. U.S. had nuclear missiles in Turkey. Both later signed a treaty to remove the nuclear missiles from Turkey and Cuba.

D-Day

Allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944

Division of Germany

Germany was temporarily split As a consequence of Germany's defeat in World War II and the onset of the Cold War into West Germany (U.S., Britain, and France) and East Germany (Soviet Union.

Dunkirk

heroic effort by the British Royal navy and civilians in private boats to evacuate 338000 trapped Allied

El Salvador

In 1969, a soccer war broke out between El-Salvador and Honduras. Had a civil war (1977-1991), communists vs. right winged dictatorship

Fidel Castro

Gained control of Cuba and made it a communist nation. Cuba then became an ally of Soviet Union

Five Year Plans

Economic goals set for increased industrial production under Joseph Stalin

Great Leap Forward

an attempt to rapidly increase China's agricultural and industrial output 1958-61-they failed.

Haiti

In September 1994, america invaded Haiti to Re install freely-elected President Aristide. poorest nation in western hemisphere

Hungarian Revolt

When the Hungarians tried to win their freedom from the Communist regime in 1956, they were crushed down by Soviet tanks

Imperialsim

"the age of racism".
domination of one country by another country and or region

India and Pakistan

-in 1947, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi India gained independence form Great Britain
-Nation of India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim) were created.

Islam

Sunni (80%) and Shiite (20%) and Druze

Islamic Fundamentalist Movement

1979- Osama bin Laden, former leader of the Al-Qaida. associated with 9/11
-2003 america drives Saddam Hussein from power under the pretenses of weapons of mass destruction and links to Al-Qaida

Japan

occupied by America from 1945-52 under General Douglass Macarthur, demilitarized, democratic government-parlimentary democracy, rebuild economy=Economic Miracle, one of the strongest economy today

Korean War

The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea. war fought by America against China

League of Nations

An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.

Lebanon

civil war broke out between Christians and Muslims in 1975
still a war torn country today
Home to many Palestinian refugees.

Lech Walesa

In 1980, led the polish labor union solidarity in a series of strikes to protest living and working conditions in Poland

Manuel Noriega

Panama leader who was overthrown in a 1989 US invasion; Tried and imprisoned for drug trafficking

Mao Zedong

in 1949, the communists came to power under _________ in China after defeating the nationalists under Chiang Kai-Shek
-Chinese nationalists retreat to Taiwan

Marshall Plan

helped to rebuild western Europe by giving these nations $13 billion

Mexico

has OIL!! capital=Venezuela

Monroe Doctrine

An American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers. (used to bully Cuba)

N.A.T.O

North American Treaty Organization. military alliance with U.S. Canada and 10 European emocracies

Nicaragua

in 1979, the communists came to power in this country
-civil war broke out between communists and the american backed contras
-in 1990 free elections were held=no more communism

O.P.E.C

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, influences oil prices, led by Saudi Arabia

Operation Dessert Storm

January 1991 this operation was launched to liberate Kuwait and Iraq was defeated in 6 weeks

Opium War

1840-1842. Great Britain vs. china.
-china was defeated and forced sign an unequal and humiliating treaty.
-treaty of Nanking-Great Britain occupied china for 135 yrs
-had extraterritoriality -other nations try to force unequal treaties on China after this war
-China was divided into spheres of influence
-Open Door Policy stopped imperial powers form carving China up into colonies

Panama

In 1978, america signed a treaty to give the _____ canal back by 2000.
-in December 1989 america invaded to arrest their drug-dealing leader

Perestroika

-one of Gorbachev's reforms
-introduced more freedom to the economy
-restructing/ rebuilding economy

Reparations

As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.

Russian Revolution

Collapse of the czar's government in Russia in 1917, after which the Russian monarchy was replaced with a republican government

Russo Japanese War

Russia loses to Japan, 1st time western nation beaten by Asian country; need for reforms

Scorched Earth

when the Russians retreated and burned crops and villages

Sepoy Revolution

Indians revolted against the unfair British rule (bite cartriges greased with animal fat)

Shitte/ Sunni

two main types of Muslims

Solidarity

cooperation and loyalty based on unity of interests and beliefs

Soviet block

Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania; Warsaw Pact

Spanish Civil War

Conflict started by Francisco Franco in which Hitler is able to experiment with blitzkreig warfare

Start of WWI

Archduke Franz Ferdinand shot in Serbia
German "blank check"- Germany gives Austrians permission to declare war on Serbia

Taiwan

a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong.

Treaty of Versailles

Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.

Triple Alliance

Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry

Triple Entente

An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia

Truman Doctrine

a policy to resist communist expansion around the world - containment
-helped Greece and Turkey against communist pressures by giving them $400 million in economic and military aid

U.N. Security Council

a body of 5 great powers (which can veto resolutions) and 10 rotating member states, which makes decisions about international peace and security including the dispatch of UN peacekeeping forces

Venezuela

has OIL!!!

Vladamir Lenin

Promised Russia peace bread and land. communists came to power

Weimar Republic

Was the democratic government which ruled over Germany form 1919 to 1933. Was Germany's first democracy and it failed miserably.

Woodrow Wilson

After World War I, this United States president sought to reduce the risk of war by writing the Fourteen Points that influenced the creation of the League of Nations.

Yugoslavia

This country was created after WWI uniting ethnicities that spoke similar Slavic languages

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