ESL Praxis: Federal Legislation
About this set
redeemedcurly on June 9, 2012
It is the responsibility of local governments and school districs to see these laws are adhered to and all students are given the best chance possible to be productive, valuable, and valued in out societyLog in to favorite or report as inappropriate.
|14th Amendment|| 1868|
no state shall deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of laws
|Civil Rights Act|| Title VI 1964|
No person in the United States shall on the ground of race, color, or national origin be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program receiving Federal financial assistance.
|Equal Educational Opportunities Act||EEOA 1974|
No state shall deny equal education opportunity to an individual on account of his or her race, color, sex, or national origin.... through failure of an educational agency to take appropriate action to overcome language barriers that impede equal participation by its students in instructional programs
|Office of Civil Rights|| OCR|
apart of the US Dept. of Education, it is the primary agency that monitors school districts' compliance for ELLs. Current policy is district can use any method proven successful
|Plyer v. Doe|| 1982|
school districts must admitt students regardless of immigration status. Only health procedures/ immunization required. Schools do not enforce immigration law.
|Non-English Language Background||school districts must effectively identify and assess NELB students by administering a home language survey and tests to determine whether they are limited English proficient (LEP).|
|Lau v. Nichols|| 1974|
Ruled student who do not understand English are effectively foreclosed from meaningful education.
|Castandeda v. Pickard|| 1981|
Rules schools must provide a program based on sound educational theory.
|Title VI|| Based on Civil Rights Act of 1964|
Ruled a district may not inapproriate place students in special educational programs based on English language proficiency.
|Y.S. v. School District of Philadelphia|| 1988 |
Ruled districts must communicate with parents in a language they can understand, review the educational program of each ELL student individually, and develop a remedial plan to meet the needs of ELL students.