a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
This French king ruled for the longest time ever in Europe. He issued several economic policies and costly wars. He was the prime example of absolutism in France
series of revolts of nobility during Louis XIV's rule
ruled France when Louis XIV was too young to make decisions for himself
French playwright who produced popular comedies that exposed the hypocrisies and follies of society.
Palace constructed by Louis XIV outside of Paris to glorify his rule and subdue the nobility.
tutor of Louis XIV who taught about the divine right of the monarchy, which helped secure Louis' ideal of absolute monarchy
network of state officials carrying out orders according to a regular and routine line of authority
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Jean Baptiste Colbert
An economic advisor to Louis XIV; he supported mercantilism and tried to make France economically self-sufficient. Brought prosperity to France.
This was the philosopher that believed that a strong central government (absolutism) was needed to avoid rebellion and civil war
Used the example of the French Civil Wars to show that absolutism was necessary to provide order and force people to obey the government.
The king was placed on the throne by God, and therefore owed his authority to no man or group.
The church officials in France were in this social group.
The nobility in France comprised this social group.
This was 95% of the French popuation, including the middle class, the urban workers, and the peasant farmers.
nobility of the robe
The "new" nobility who earned their money within their lifetime from being successful merchants and purchased their titles from the king.
nobility of the sword
The "old" nobility who had money and land they had inherited from previous generations.
French king who reigned during the Thirty Years War and together with Cardinal Richelieu laid the foundation for absolutism in France.
A politique who served as advisor to Louis XIII, he created the Intendant System to weaken the influence of the nobility and supported the Protestants in the Thirty Years War in order to hurt the Hapsburgs.
A network of 32 district officials chosen from the middle class to report to the king, handled justice, police, and finance.
forced labor that required peasants to work for a month out of the year on roads and other public projects.
Edict of Fountainbleu
Revoked (reversed) the Edict of Nantes and took away the Huguenots right to practice Calvinism.
Calvinists who held some Catholic ideas, persecuted by the Jesuits and Louis XIV
A nation's policy of accumulating as much gold and silver as possible, and preventing it's outward flow to other nations.
War of Spanish Succession
An alliance emerged to fight the possibility that Louis XIV's grandson would inherit Spanish territories and upset the balance of power in Europe.
Treaty of Utrecht
Ended the War of Spanish Succession, maintained the balance of power in Europe by dividing Spanish territory between Britain, Austria, and the Netherlands and preventing the union of the Bourbons and the Hapsburgs.
Duke of Sully
Finance minister of Henry IV who created mercantilism.
First Bourbon king of France, laid the foundation for France to become the strongest European power in the 17th century by increasign royal power and lessening the influence of the nobility.
War of the League of Augsburg
After Louis XIV invaded the Netherlands, an alliance led by England was formed to perserve the balance of power, prevented Louis XIV from gaining any territory.