Religion Final

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123 terms · Pretty much everything Let me know if there's anything that's wrong or left out

Christ

A title given for Jesus that means "anointed one." It translates the Hebrew Word for Messiah.

Lord

A title for Jesus which translates the Greek word for Kurios which rendered the Hebrew Word for God. To call Jesus "Lord" is to call him God.

Messiah

Hebrew for "anointed." This is used in reference to Jesus because he accomplished perfectly the divine mission of priest, prophet, and king, signified by his being anointed as Christ.

Son of Man

A title Jesus used to refer to himself. It emphasizes both Jesus' humanity and divinity. It origins in Daniel 7:13: "I saw...one like a son of man coming in the clouds of heaven."

Son of God

A title from the Gospel of Mark.

Son of David

A title for Jesus that indicates his ancestry can be traced to King David, as foretold in Scripture.

Emmanuel

A name for Jesus that means "God is with us".

Canon

The official list of the inspired books of the Bible. Catholics list 46 Old Testament books and twenty-seven New Testament books in the canon.

The three Criteria of the Canon

Apostolic Origin
Widespread Acceptance
Conformity to the rule of faith

Baptism of Christ

Jesus was baptized in the Jordan River by John. John baptizing Jesus in the Jordan River stood for freedom. John's baptism was a sign of public Repentance as they prepared for the coming Messiah. This later became in the Catholic Church a way of recognizing a person into the Catholic Church.

Evangelist

A person who proclaims the good news of Jesus Christ. "The four evangelists refers to the authors of the four gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

Docetism

People who thought that Jesus was a spirit-heretsy

Incarnation

Jesus becomes human.

Dogma

A fundamental belief.

The New Testament contains how many books?

27

The three stages of the Formation of the Gospel

1. The Public Life and Teachings of Jesus
2. Oral Tradition
3. Written Gospels

Redaction Criticism

Focuses on the Evangelists as editors. Tries to discover the particular theological slant and or insight of the given writer and how this influenced his arrangement of the material.

Form Criticism

Focuses on these literary forms or genres. Also studies how these different literary units tool on their particular shape during the period of oral tradition.

Textual Criticism

Compares the minor changes and mistakes the copyists made down through the centuries so that the translations we have today are as accurate as possible.

Source Criticism

Tries to determine what source or sources the gospel and other New Testament writers used to compose their works.

testament

A word meaning "covenant" the open ended contract of love between God and human beings. Jesus' Death Covenant of love for all time.

Synoptic Gospels

THe Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, which, because of their similarities, can be " Seven together" in parallel columns and mutually compared.

Passover

Celebrating the Angel of Death passing over the houses with lamb blod on the door. Also it recognizes the Jewish people escaping from Slavery in Egypt.

Pentecost

end of the seven weeks following passover. Moses getting the ten commandments.

Hanukah

Festival of Lights. (Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC

Tabernacles

Fall harvest for Jews. Also commemorated the time the Jews were in the wilderness

The Passion

Jesus' Crucifixion, Death, and Resurrection for us.

Resurrection

When Jesus is crucified by the Jews because he committed blasphemy. In these three days Jesus was laid in a tomb. After those three days the rock to his tomb was removed and Jesus was alive. We remember the day Jesus rose from the dead as Easter.

Kerygma

Sermon that instructs Christians what their teachings are. The core teaching about Jesus Christ as a Savior and Lord.

Didache

A teaching of Christ:
Example: love your enemy as yourself
(Know three teachings of Christ for exam)

Paschal Mystery

God's love and salvation revealed to us through the life, passion, death, and Resurrection and Glorification of his Son Jesus Christ. The sacraments especially the Eucharist, celebrate the Paschal Mystery and enable us to live it in out own lives.

Transfiguration

The mystery from Christ's life in which God's glory shone through and transformed Jesus' physical appearance while he was in the company of the Old Testament prophets Moses and Elijah. Peter, James, and John witnessed this event.

Allegory

A story involving a sustained comparison in which people, things, and events symbolically represent something else.

Parable

A typical teaching device Jesus used. It is a vivid picture story drawn from ordinary life that conveys religious truth, usually related to some aspect of God's Kingdom. It teases the listener to think and make a choice about accepting the Good news of God's reign.
A short story with a moral.

hyperbole

An exaggeration to prove a powerful point

Natural Miracle

A powerful sign that shows Jesus' power over the elements. (Ex. Multiplication of loaves and fish)

Supernatural Miracle

A powerful sign that shows Jesus' power over mankind. (ex. Exorcism)

riddle

A question or statement that teases the mind-requires thought ex. the first shall be last and the last shall be first.

Samaritans

The mixed population that inhabited the old territory of Israel during the Exile. They were hostile to the returning exiles and the rebuilding of the Temple

INRI

Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews.

Synagogue

It was a house of prayer where Scriptures were read and Yahweh was worshipped. It was a place of discussion for legal settlements. It was the local school.

Temple

Where Jews offered sacrifices to God. It was the holy place believed God dwelled in a special way. Priestly caste only had a role in the Temple.

Herod the Great

A "half Jew." He was cunning, crafty, and a bloodthirsty ruler. In Matthew, it is said that he killed all baby boys under the age of two years old. It is said that he also killed most of his children and ten of his wives just so no one would take the throne. Herod was called "King of the Jews" but most people never thought of him that way. To redeem himself he made a temple for the Jews. Herod died in 4 B.C and died an agonizing death. Three of his sons split the kingdom amongst him.

Herod Antipas

The son of Herod the Great who ruled over Galilee and Perea during the time of John the Baptist and Christ. He executed John because he had criticized his marriage to his brother's wife. He also was the Herod who sent Jesus back to Pilate.

Gentiles

non Jews

Messianic Secret

A phrase that refers to certain passages in the Gospels where Jesus tells his disciples not to reveal his true identity.

Matthew

audience:Jewish Christian
date:80s A.D
author:Matthew, a Levi-tax collector
theme:Jesus the Teacher, jugement, Jesus is Emmanuel, Church, and Right Instruction

Mark

audience: Gentile Christians
author: John Mark
date: 65-70 A.D.
theme:Jesus the Suffering Servant

Luke

When: A.D. 75-90
Written for: Gentile-Christian audience
Main themes: the gospel of Jesus Christ is truly Good News and Jesus is a Universal Savior who brings slavation
author: Theophilus

John

audience: Jewish-Christians
author: John
date: 90-100 A.D.
theme: Jesus the Word of God

Acts of the Apostles

book of the New Testament, written by St. Luke. Narrates some of the important events in the lives of Sts. Peter and Paul, the founding of the Church on Pentecost, and the influence of the Holy Spirit on the early Christians

John's symbol

eagle

Matthew's Symbol

man

Luke's symbol

bull

Mark's symbol

lion

Blasphemy

Any thought, action, word, or act that expresses hatred or contempt for God, Christ, the Church, saints, or holy things.

Sedition

an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government.

Barabbas

Jewish prisoner released by Pilate and Jesus condemned to death.

Matthias

Apostle that replaces Judas as seen in the Acts of the Apostles.

St. Stephen

first Christian Martyr

Kingdom of God

the proclamation by Jesus that inaugurated his life, Death, and Resurrection. It is the process of God's reconciling and renewing all things through his Son, to the point where his will is being done on earth as it is in Heaven. The process has begun with Jesus and will be perfectly completed at the end of time.

5 discourses in Matthew

1. sermon on the mount 2. charge to the disciples 3. kingdom of parables 4. kingdom of discipleship 5. olivete discourse

Jewish groups of Jesus' day

Sadduces-Middle class, Report to Sanhedrin, most elite group, no resurrection of bodies
Pharisees-You can go to heaven, fasting, and praying
Almsgiving
St. Paul most likely a Pharisee
Zealots-Believed in overthrowing Romans
Essenes-teacher of righteousness
Did not believe in temple
Apocalyptic Ending

Languages of Jesus' day

Hebrew
Aramaic
Latin
Greek

The wisest people in your family are

the oldest

The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are:

wisdom, knowledge, courage, understanding, piety, fear and awe of the Lord, and counsel

Holy Days of Obligation

Assumption-August 15th-When Mary dies and lives forever in Heaven
Christmas-December 25th-Mary gives birth to Jesus
All Saints-November 1st-Recognizing all saints
Immaculate Conception-December 8th, Celebrate the Virgin Mary
Solemnity of Mary-January 1st; honoring Mary
Accession-7th Sunday of Easter; Jesus ascends into Heaven
All Sundays , Feast days of such importance that participation in Mass is required

Seven Sacraments

Baptism-Recognized as coming into the Church
Reconciliation-Repenting on your sins
Eucharist-Receiving the body and blood of Christ
Confirmation-known as turning from Children of the Church into adults and as well receive the holy spirit
Matrimony-Joining two people into one
Holy Orders-Man wants to be a priest
Anointing of the Sick-healing sacrament

I depend and rely on God. I have a strong faith.

Blessed are those who are poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of heaven.

I am a compassionate person who is empathetic to other people's needs.

Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.

I am a humble, modest individual. I am not boastful.

Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.

I have a deep desire for justice.

Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.

I am a forgiving person that doesn't hold grudges.

Blessed are the merciful, for they shall be shown mercy.

I am an honest and worthy person.

Blessed are the clean of heart, for they shall see God.

I am a mediator, and I help others resolve their differences.

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called children of God.

I am willing to do what is right no matter what.

Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the Kingdom of heaven.

I am not afraid to stand up for my beliefs.

Blessed are you when they insult you and utter every kind of evil against you (falsley) because of me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward will be great in heaven. Thus they persecuted the prophets before you.

The Beatitudes

The 9 Christian attitudes and obligations that, if followed, will give supreme happiness.

Pearl of Great Value

Treat the kingdom of God like it's a gift. It's not always easy being Christian.

Doorkeeper on watch

Be ready for the coming of God because you don't know when he will come.

Watchful servants

Always be prepared for your job and you will be rewarded.

Attitude of a servant

Do God's will, be good and faithful servants, and act on the Bible.

The Mustard seed

We has one person can do many things, one person can do a lot of things if they listen to
God's word.

The house built on rock

Whatever life may bring us, you will always house our faith. Build your faith on a strong foundation not on a weak one, if you build it on rock you will go to heaven.

Unmerciful servant

Be forgiving, kind, and merciful to people. As God forgives us, we should forgive others.

The two debtors

Not to hold grudges and to forget how much they've taken from you

A lost coin

God will rejoice when you repent. He'll be sad if you don't

Persistant widow

Be persistant in praying. Don't get sad if he doesn't reply.

Wayward children

When you do a good deed, don't ask for a reward

The lost sheep

When you turn away from God, God will rejoice when you come back

Lost son

If you return to God and repent, God wil rejoice and forgive you

The Pharisee and the tax collector

Be like the tax collector. He was humble and he repented. In God's eyes, we are all equal

The budding Fig tree

Know when you see good things and Jesus words will never pass away.

A man and two sons

actioins are louder than words

seed grows of itself

never give up on your self dont let anyone put you down....be humble

parable of the rich fool

think of other people not yourself

Rich man and Lazarus

be good to others follow and act on the bible.

The parable of the sower

The four type of people
1) materialism people
2) listens to god grow because God is priotity
3) hears the word of God but doesn't understand it
4) one that fell on the rock dies after one bad thing

Lamp under a bushel

show your light and talent or show your faith

The wicked tenants of the vineyard

treat people with respect and not cheat your way to inheritance

the servants and their talents (money)

never take God given talents forgranted.........be humble

Good Samaritan

help others and love your enemies

dishonest steward

make up for the wronds you did to someone

new cloth on old garments

not change but improve

laborers in the vineyard

the last will be first and the first shall be last

weeds among the wheat

do not destruct anothers person property.

Parable of Ten Gold Coins

Jesus talks in parable to help us (audience) to really think about the words He has spoken and not just assume it incorrectly as what most of us always do when we hear some spoken words. He wanted us to ask questions so we can better understand. The Gold coins represents the gifts He has given us to propagate his Kingdom here on earth. He has created us to help spread the faith around by doing things which is good in his eyes like sharing our wealth, helping people in need, joining outreach program to help the poor and many other things that you can think of. It's the sharing of either your Time, Talent or Treasure, or the 3 T's as we call it. Any one of which you will share is always welcome to Him.

Pride

Thinking about yourself instead of others.
Virtue is humility

Covetousness

dreaming about getting items. Selfish and stingy. Virtue is liberality

Lust

sexual desires, under age sex.
Virtue is chastity

Anger

having a short fuse, getting mad at everything.
Virtue is Patience

Gluttony

eats more than what you need, indulging every whim
Virtue is temperance

Envy

tear others down while build yourself up, greedy, jealous. Virtue is altruism

Sloth

Laziness careless. Virtue is diligence

Diligence

not lazy and hardworking; perseverance.
Vice is sloth.

Humility

putting others first, modest. Vice is Pride

Temperance

having a healthy appetite; grateful. Vice is gluttony

Liberality

being proud of what you have; generous. Vice is Covetousness

Altruism

respectful of everyone- the practice of unselfish concern for others devoted to welfare. (Well-beings of others). Vice is envy

Chastity

Have no sexual desires; no sex; can have sex but only if you are married. Vice is lust

Patience

gentle; able to wait for things. Vice is anger

Infancy Narrative of Luke

Luke masterly interweaves the announcements and the actual births of Jesus and his kinsman John the Baptist in the Infancy Narrative. Yet Luke clearly shows that it is Jesus, not John, who is the Messiah because it is Jesus who has divine origins. John is the immediate precursor and forerunner of Jesus. John is the one to "prepare the way," already recognizing from his mother's womb the coming of the Messiah. Jesus' mother, Mary, accepts in humble faith the mystery of God's work.

Infancy Narrative of Matthew

Scholars believe that the author of Matthew's Gospel was a Jewish Christian who was writing for Jews who became Christians. Threrefore, his infancy narrative generously draws on themes from the Old Testament prophecies about the Messiah.

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