Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

movement away from the midline of the body

abduction

movement toward the midline of the body

adduction

The body is in an erect or standing posture with the arms at the
sides and the palms, head and feet point forward

anatomical position

Nearer to or at the front portion of the body

anterior or ventral

rolling the hip forward

anterior rotation

Movement in which the angle between two bones is decreased sideways

bi lateral flexion or lateral flexion or side bending

A movement away from the center of the body. This term is applied to movements made from the heart, or in the direction of the arterial blood current

centrifugal

A movement toward the center of the body. In relation to massage, the term is applied to movements made in the direction of the blood current in the veins

centripetal

When an object moves along a circumference of a circle

circumduction

To press or squeeze a specific area to reduce in size or volume

compression

The moving body moves toward the same direction although the path is a curved line

curvlinear motion

Away from the surface of the body

deep

Moving a body part inferiorly

depression

Further away from the point of origin

distal

Moving the dorsum (top of the foot) of the foot upward

dorsi flexion

The back; the back surface of any part

dorsum

Moving of a body part superiorly

elevation

Movement of the sole of the foot laterally at the ankle joint

eversion

Finger or toe movements

exception

Moving the jaw from side to side

excursion

Movement in which the angle between two bones is increased

extension

Located closer to the surface of the body

external

Movement in which the angle between two bones is decreased

flexion

Movement of the arm across the chest

horizontal adduction

Movement of the arm away from the chest

horizontal abduction

When a portion of the body is extended beyond the anatomical
position so that the joint angle is greater that 180°

hyperactive extension

Away from the head or lower part of a structure

inferior

Point of attachment for a muscle on a bone (More Moveable Part)

insertion

Located away from the surface of the body

internal

Movement of the sole of the foot medially at the ankle joint

inversion

Muscular contraction in which tension is developed but no mechanical work is done. There is no appreciable joint movement and the overall length of the muscle stays the same.

isometric contraction

A concentric or eccentric muscular contraction that results in
movement of a joint or body part, as in lifting a weight.

isotonic contraction

Away from the midline of the body

lateral

The anterior surface of the distal segment
moves outwards

lateral or external rotation

All parts of the moving body move in the same direction as every other part of the body and the path follows a straight line

linear motion or rectilinear

Toward the midline of the body.

medial

The anterior surface of the distal segment moves inwards

medial or internal rotation

Movement of the thumb touching a finger on the same hand

opposition

Origination of a muscle on a bone (Usually Less Moveable Part)

origin

Moving the bottom of the foot to the floor

plantar flexion

Nearer to or at the back of the body

posterior or dorsal

Rolling the hip back

posterior rotation

Movement of the forearm in which the palm is turned posteriorly

pronation

Means to lie face down

prone

Movement forward in a plane parallel to the ground

protraction

Moving anteriorly (eg: chin out)

protrusion

Closer to the point of origin

proximal

Abduction of the wrist away from the midline

radial deviation or wrist abduction

Movement backward in a plane parallel to the ground

retraction

Moving posteriorly (eg: chin in)

retrusion

The object acts as a radius and all parts of the moving object rotate in the same angular direction and follow a circular path about a pivot point

rotary motion or angular motion or rotation

Relates to the movement of a bone around its long axis

rotation

Movement of the forearm in which the palm is turned anteriorly

supination

Near the surface of the body

superficial

Toward the head or upper part of a structure

superior

Means lying on your back

supine

To pull a specific area to increase in size or volume

traction

All parts of the moving body move toward the same direction

translatory motion or linear motion or translation

Adduction of the wrist toward the midline

ulnar deviation or wrist deviation

Angulation outward and away from the midline of the body

valgus

Angulation inward and toward the midline of the body

varus

a prime mover

agonist

action of elbow during eccentric contraction of bicep

extension

action of knee during concentric contraction or biceps femoris

flexion

action of the femur when turning the feet outward

lateral rotation

action of the foot when pointing the toes up toward the knee

dorisflexion

action of the foot when pointing toes

plantar flexion

action of the hip when bringing the knee toward the chest

flexion

action of the hip when standing up out of a seated position

extension

action of the neck when looking at the ceiling

hyperextension

action of the toes when standing on tiptoes

extension

an inferior movement of the jaw is also known as

depression

occurs when a muscle is contracted and the ends of the muscle move further apart

concentric contraction

at what area of the body does opposition occur?

thumb

bringing the knees together

adduction

brings a limb medially toward the bodys midline(adding to the body)

adduction

carrying a bowl of soup

supination

causes the bone to describe the surface of a bone as it moves. the distal end of the bone describes a circle. it describes a circle with the arms outstretched

circumduction

counteracts the action of another muscle to prevent undesirable movements

neutralizer

decreasing the size of the angle between the lateral surfaces of the body

lateral flexion

eccentric and concentric muscle contractions are both

isotonic contractions

elevates the foots lateral side and moves the sole laterally(turn out)

eversion

elevates the foots medial side and brings the sole of the foot medially(turn in)

inversion

happens only at the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb. happens when the thumbpad crosses the palm toward the last pinkie finger

opposition

in which part of the body does lateral flexion occur?

axial skeleton

perfomed by moving the ankle to point your foot into the earth or stepping onto a pedal

plantar flexion

lateral deviation occurs in which area of the body?

mandible

lowering a part(drooping the shoulders)

depression

means to wander from the usual course

deviation

movement inferiourly

depression

movement of the forearm that turns the palm forward, as it is in anatomical position

supination

movement posteriourly(retreat)

retraction

movement superiourly

elevation

movement that bends a joint or brings the bones closer together

flexion

movement that straightens or opens a joint

extension

moves a body away from the midline of the body(moving the arms straight out to the sides)

abduction

moves a bone toward the midline of the body at a horizontal level(raising the humerus & bringing it across the chest)

horizontal adduction

moves a bone toward the midline of the body(bringing the arms back to the sides)

adduction

moves a limb laterally away from the midline(abduct or carry away)

abduction

moving a part backward(pulling the chin backward)

retraction

moving a part forward(thrusting the chin forward)

protraction

muscles that act to stabilize a body part so that another muscle can act on an adjacent limb or body part

fixator

muscles that assist the agonist

synergists

occurs at the mandible during talking or chewing

lateral deviation

occurs only at the axiel skeleton when the neck or vertebral bends to the side

lateral flexion

occurs when a muscle contracts and the ends of the muscle do not move

isometric

occurs when moving anteriorly(protrude)

protraction

performed by your partner he moves his body while you palpate or observe the movement

active movement

pertains only to the axiel skeleton turning your head and neck occurs as a driver turns to check a car coming

rotation

plantar flexion and dorisflexion refer to movement at which joint?

ankle

possible only at shoulder and hip joints, combination of flexion, extension, adduction and abduction swimming the backstroke is

circumduction

prone to spill the bowl of soup

pronation

raise the shoulders toward the ears

elevation

raising a part(shrugging the shoulders)

elevation

requires both of you to act, your partner attempts to perform an action against your gentle resistance

resisted movement

swings the limb away from the midline

lateral rotation

the act of bending a limb, the position that a limb assumes when it is bent

flexion

the act of straightening a limb, extending the body part

extension

the most stationary attachment of a muscle is

origin

the muscle attachment that creates the action of the structure is

insertion

the muscle or muscles responsible for stabilizing the non moveable part of a joint so other muscles can contract to produce a certain movement(the shoulder joint being held immobile while the biceps are contracting to flex the

fixator(stabolizer)

the opposite of active movement, your partner relaxes while you move his body

passive movement

the opposite of plantar flexion, such as moving the ankle to let off the gas pedal

dorisflexion

the pivoting of a bone on its own axis somewhat as a top turns on its axis

rotation

turning the forearm so as to bring the back of the hand forward, palms down(abduction+eversion)

pronation

turning the hand palm up

supination

turning the palm of the hand downward

pronation

turning the sole of the foot medially

inversion

turns the sole of the foot outward

eversion

turns the sole of the foot inward

inversion

what movement takes place when the radius crosses over the ulna turning the palm down?

pronation

when a joint can extend beyond its normal range of motion its

hyperextension

when an action occurs the muscle that is responsible for a specific movement

prime mover

when an action occurs the muscle that is responsible for the opposite action of the agonist?

antagonist

when discussing the dynamics of the movement of the body the 3 components of motion are

flexion/extension
abduction/adduction
rotation

when the joint rotates medially the limb turns in toward the midline

medial rotation

when your client attempts to perform an action against your gentle resistance this is called

resisted movement

which term describes a posterior movement of the clavicle, head or jaw?

retraction

which term refers to the ankle movement that brings the foot off the gas pedal?

dorisflexion

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set