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Simile

a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')

Metaphor

a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

Personification

representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature

Hyperbolye

a deliberate exaggeration, not meant to be taken literally
Ex: These books weigh a ton!

Imgery

The descriptive words and phrases a writer uses to re-create sensory experiences

Syntax

the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences

Diction

the manner in which something is expressed in words

Alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

Onomonopia

The use of words or sounds which resemble the sounds they describe. (ex boom, psst)

Irony

incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs

Characterization

the act of describing distinctive characteristics or essential features

Climax

the decisive moment in a novel or play

Conflict

opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)

Resolution

something settled or resolved

theme

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

foreshadowing

the act of providing vague advance indications

tone

of one's speech, varying the pitch

mood

a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling

pun

a humorous play on words

idiom

an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up

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