India

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Brahmaputra

used for travel

Ganges

has religious importance

Indus

one of the oldest rivers in the world

Kashmir

area India and Pakistan fight over. Cashmere comes from here

Climate

very warm

Oil

limited resource

Hindi

most common language in India, though only about 30% speak it

Hinduism

a religion that involves reincarnation

Brahman

main central god in Hinduism, all others are part of it

Atman

essential self, soul

Monsoon

seasonal wind, rainy season and dry season

Moksha

when your soul unites with Brahman

Reincarnation

coming back in the next life in a different body

Karma

what goes around comes around

Dharma

rules of the caste system

Caste system

preordained social classes that you were born into

Buddhism

religion the believes in Karma, reincarnation, and nirvana

Siddhartha Gautama

founder of Buddhism

Four noble truths

everyone suffers, suffering is caused by desire, one way to crush suffering is to end desire, only way to do this is to reach nirvana

Eightfold path

8 ways to avoid desire

Thervada

respect Buddha as a teacher but not god

Mahayana

worship Buddha as a god

Dalai Lama

spiritual leader of Buddhism

Tibet

center of Buddhism. 1959 China occupied it

Aryans

ancient civilization that settled around the Indus river

Nirvana

the condition of wanting nothing

East India trading company

trading company started by British to trade in India

Robert Clive

led British to fight the French over trading rights in India

Queen Victoria

became empress of India

Sepoys

Indian troops in British army

Sepoy rebellion

Sepoys rebelled and were crushed, pig and cow fat on guns was final straw

Colonization of India

by English, it began with trading

INC

Indian national congress

Ali Jinah

founder of Pakistan

Gandhi

leader of Indian independence movement

Civil disobedience

refusal to obey unjust laws

Ahismisa

Hindi word for nonviolence

Satyagraha

truth force

Amristar massacre

peaceful protest that British broke up violently

Salt March

Gandhi's 240 mile march to protest the fact that they can't sell salt, they marched to the sea and made salt

Gandhi's death

killed by Hindu extremest

Indian Independence

1947

Convert the Wrongdoer

if they could win over the emotions of the British then they wouldn't come back

Sikh

monotheistic belief, combination of Hinduism and Islam

Jainism

religion believes in never harming a living thing

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