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vocab science

mitosis

cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes

photosynthesis

process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches

protists

eukaryotic organism that is not an animal, a plant, or a fungus.

interphase

the stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell division occurs

metaphase

the second stage of mitosis

prophase

first and longest phase of mitosis where chromatin coils into visible chromosomes

anaphase

the third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs separate and move toward opposite poles

population

a group of organisms of the same species populating a given area

carnivore

organism that obtains energy by eating animals

limiting factor

factor that causes the growth of a population to decrease

focus

a central point or locus of an infection in an organism

seafloor spreading

The process that creates new sea floor as plates move away from each other at the mid-ocean ridges

ecosystem

living and nonliving things in an environment, together with their interactions

elements

simple substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances

compounds

combination of 2 or more elements

molecule

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