Southern Region, reference Tyagaraja a saint and musician. Unlike Tansen, Tygara refused government position. Kriti is a type of their music, vocals are important.
Northern Region, Improv.. Gharanas derive their legitimacy from Tansen. "art music".
Hindustani founder. court musician who needed to illustrate his professionalism in order to escape charges of emotive and sensual musical
A saint and Musician. for Karnatic musicians, not associated with any court, not bound by anything other than his bhakti or devotion to Rama. As such he didn't need to protect his musical creations but rather shared them freely.
A school of professional musicians who originally traced their heritage to a family tradition
A scale with musical characters such as pitch, ascending, descending
crooked ragas, starting in 1 place and moving
Ornamenttion that notes may carry
a organization system helping people to learn rags
Improvised singing in carnatic
distinctive phrases that call attention to the character of the raga
A pre composed phrase said 3 times to add emphasis
Meterical system of rythm used in both karantic and hindustani music
metrical cycles with beats
Hindustani rythmic syllable
vocal rhythmic system to help people remember, combining simple combos. comprised of monosyllabic words
A Carnatic devotional Song
The major Carnatic music (South). In 3 parts pallavi, anupallavi, caranam.
An improv performed before the Kriti, demonstrates abilities. Also introduces the raga
Opening of the ragam, chorus
the extension of the chorus, exploring other octives...
is an off-shoot of the anupallavi and is often very virtuosic in terms of the improvisatory gestures that get incorporated into its performance.
Raga improvisation in free rythm. Explores the range of the raga
a precomposed piece in a raga, often virtuosic and fast
dhrupad and khyal
two most respected forms of
more modern vocal music
Section of Hindustani instrumental performance that follows alap and introduces pulse
The concluding section of instrumental improv following Jor in Hindustani music with lively and fast movements
Karntic 4 string instrument
Karnatic Double Headed Drum
Flute used in Hindustani and Karnatic Music