Barron's Essential Words for the GRE Latin Root Words

181 terms by rsumayo 

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Ab/Abs - Absens

From, away, off

Acer/Acid/Acri - Asidus

Harsh, bitter, sour

Act/Ag - Ago

Drive, do, lead, act, move

Acu - Acuo

Sharp, to sharpen

Ad

To, toward

Aev, Ev - Aevum

Age, era

Agr - Ager

Field

Ali - Alienus

Another

Alim- Alimonium

Support, nourish, cherish

Alter

Other

Alt - Altus

High, deep

Am - Amo, Amor

Love, liking

Amb/Ambul - Ambulo

To go, to walk

Ambi - Ambiguitas

Around, on both sides

Anim- Animus

Life, breath, spirit

Annu/Anni/Enni - Annus

Yearly

Ant/Ante

Before

Antiqu - Antiquus

Old, ancient

Appell -Appellare

Name, to call upon

Apt/ept - Apto

Skill, ability, suitable, competent

Aqu/Aqua

Water

Arm/arma

Weapons

Aud/Audi/Aud - Audio, Audax, Audacia

Listen, hear, bold, daring, courageous

Aug/Aux - Augmen, Auxilium

Increase, help, assist

Bel/Bell - Bellum

War, to wage war, warrior

Ben/Bon - Beneficium

Well, good, favorable

Bi- Biceps

Two, twice, double

Brev - Brevis

Short

Cap/capt/cept/cip - Capto

Hold, seize, take

Cap, Capit - Captus

Head

Card/Cord

Heart/ harmonious

Carn - Carnifex

Flesh, body

Ced/ceed/cess - cedo

to hand over, surrender, yield, move, go

Celer - celero

Swift

Centr

Center

Cent - Centum

Hundred

Cern - cerno

to distinguish, perceive

Cert- Certus

Certain, fixed

Cid/Cis

Cut, kill

Circu/circum- Circumspect

Around

Cit/Citat - Cito

To summon, call forward, call, start

Civi - Civis

Citizen

Clam/claim - clamor

To call out, shout

Clemen - Clemens

Gentle, kind, mild, merciful

Claud/claus - Claudo

To shut, close

Cli/Clin/Cliv - Clinatus

Leaning, inclined, sloped

Co/Col/Com/Con/Cor - Compactum

Agreement, joining together, with

Cod - Codex

Wood, book, paper is made from wood

Cogni/Gno - Cognitio

Getting to know, learn, know

Contra/Contro -

Opposite, against

Corp - Corpus

Body

Cracy/Crat

government, rule, strength

Crea - creator

Bring forth, create

Credo

believe, trust

Cre/cresc/cret/cru - Accresco

to grow, rise

Cour/cur - Curro

to run, course

Cur/cura - curo

to care for, pay attention to

De

down from, away, against, thoroughly

Dei, Div - Divinitas

God, godlike, divine

Demi

Partly

Dic/Dict - Dicto

to say, speak, pronounce

Dif/Dis - Differo

to differ, to carry in different directions, apart, away, not

Don - Dono

to give as a gift, give

Doc/Doct- Doctor

Teacher, teach, prove

Dom/Domin - Dominus

master of the house, master, lord

Drom - Dormito

to be sleepy, sleep

Duc/Duct - Ducto

to lead, pull

Dupl - Duplico

to double, two

Dur - duro

to make hard/handy, lasting

E/ex

Apart, above, away, beyond, from, out

Ego

I, self

Equ -

Equal

Err - erro

to stray, to be mistaken, wander, mistake

Extra/extro

Besides, beyond, outside of, more

Fac/fic/fec - Facio

to make, to do,

Fall/fals - Fallo

to deceive, deceptive, false, erroneous

Fed

League, pact

Fer - Ferax

Fruitful, bear, carry

Fid - Fido

to confide in, faith, trust

Fin - Finite

end, finish

Flect/flex - Flecto

to alter the shape of, bend, twist

Flu/fluct/flux - Fluctus

Streaming, flowing

Fort - Fortitudo, Fortuna

Brave, strong, chance

Frac/Frag -Fractus

Break

Frat- Frater

brother

Func - Functio

Perform, discharge

Gen - Genus

Birth, decent, origin, class, race, generate

Gloss/Glot

Language, tongue

Grad/Gress - Gradus

a step

Grat -Gratis

thanks, pleasing

Grav/Griev - Gravitas

serious, heavy, harmful

Greg - Gregarious

Of a heard, a private soldier, flock

Herb - Herba

Vegitation

Hom/homo/human

Human being, man, humanity

Ig/il/im/in/ir

Not, without

In

in, upon, on, not

Inter

Among, between, within, mutual

Intra/intro

into, inward, within

Jac/ ject/ject

Throw, fling

Jur/jus/jud

swear, law, judge, just

Lect/leg/lig - Legio, Lego

a choosing, read

Leg - Legitimus

Law

Lev - Levis

light

Liber

Free

Librar/libr - Libraria

library, book

Liter

Letter

Loc/log/loqu - Loquax

talkative, work, speak

Luc/lum/lus - Lumen

light

Lud - Ludo

to play, game

Macro

Large, long

Magn - Magnificus

Great

Mal - Male

bad

Man - Manus

hand

Mand- Mandatum

to order

Mar/Mari - Mare

Sea

Mater/Matr

Mother

Min - Minimus

small

Miss/Mit - Mito/Missum

to send, move

Mob/Mot/Mov - Mobilis

Move, moveable

Mon/Monit - Moneo

to warn, remind

Mori/Mort - Mortuus

death

Multi

multiple, many

Mut - Muto

to shift, change

Nas/Nat - Naturalis

natural, birth, be from, spring from

Nav- navis/navigo

ship, to sail

Nec/nic/noc/nox- Neco

to kill, death, harm

Neg- nego

to say no

Neut/Neutr

Not either, neutral

Noct/Nox - Noctis

sleep, darkness, night

Nom/nomen/nym

Name

Nov - Novo/Novis

to make new, new

Num- Numero

to count

Ob/oc/of/op

Against

Omni -Omnis

All, every part

Oper - Operor

to work, labor, be busy

Opti/opto

eye, vision

Ortho

straight, correct

Os/oss/ost/osteo- Osseus

bony, bone

Pac- Pax

Peace

Pater/Patr

Father

Pel/Puls - Pulsus

To influence, drive, urge

Per

Through, completely

Pet - Peto, Petit

To seek, request, assail

Pict - Pictura

The art of painting, paint

Plac- Placeo

To please

Pon/Pos

Put, place

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