Town of First Punic War battle, 261 BC. disputed by romans & carthaginians, captured by rome
Part of the first triumvirate who eventually became "emperor for life". Chose not to conquer Germany. Was assassinated by fellow senators in 44 B.C.E.
Cicero proved he was at the rights of Bona dea, destroyed alibi, so he hated him. Revived an old law, banishing Cicero
Cn. Pompeius Magnus
member of the 1st Triumvirate; after Crassus died the senate gave Pompey power to get rid of Caesar. Caesar won and assassinated Pompey in Egypt.
In the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government. highest in cursus honorum
Caesar's second in command. Served with Caesar during the Gallic/Civil Wars. When Caesar is killed, supporters (soldiers) go over to him. Becomes very powerful very quickly
new man- one whose ancestors had not been consul- they had to develop their own relationships in the senate
father of his country, title awarded to Cicero. Bestowed by senate for deeds for country
any of several public officials of ancient Rome, usually in charge of finance and administration. first step in cursus honorum
Senatus consultum Ultimum
decree of Senate, death warrant for Senate to approve an assassination without due process
Templum Iupiter Stator
A temple of Jupiter standing in rome, built in 146 BC. It was where cicero held many of his meetings during the second catelinian conspiracy, as it was easy to defend and Cicero was fearful of an attack or an attempt on either his life or the lives of the senators.