Vocab level G 7-15

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180 terms

allay

(v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve

bestial

(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility

convivial

(adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial

coterie

(n.) a circle of aquaitances; a close-knit, often exclusive, group of people with a common interest

counterpart

(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement

demur

(v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection

effrontery

(n.) shameless boldness, impudence

embellish

(v.) to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details

ephemeral

(adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived

felicitous

(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy

furtive

(adj.) done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen

garish

(adj.) glaring; tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way

illusory

(adj.) misleading, decemptive; lacking in or not based on reality

indigent

(adj.) needy, impoverished

inordinate

(adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive

jettison

(v.) to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome

misanthrope

(n.) a person who hates or despises people

pertinacious

(adj.) very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied

picayune

(adj.) of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded

raiment

(n.) clothing, garments

allege

(v.) to assert without proof or confirmation

arrant

(adj.) out-and-out, shameless, blatant

badinage

(n.) light and playful conversation

concilliate

(v.) to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent

countermand

(v.) to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first

echelon

(n.) one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement

exacerbate

(v.) to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful

fatuous

(adj.) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way

irrefutable

(adj.) impossible to disprove; beyond arguement

juggernaut

(n.) a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path

lackadaisical

(adj.) lacking spirit or interest; halfhearted

litany

(n.) a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list

macabre

(adj.) grisly, gruesome; horrible, distressing; having death as a subject

paucity

(n.) an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth

portend

(v.) to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen; to give advance warning of

raze

(v.) to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out

recant

(v.) to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed, renounce, retract

saturate

(v.) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully

saturnine

(adj.) of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood

slough

(v.) to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud; (n.) a mire; a state of depression

acclaimation

(n.) a shout of welcome; an overwhelming verbal vote of approval

bucolic

(adj.) characteristic of the countryside. rural; relating to shepherds and cowherds, pastoral

calumniate

(v.) to slander; to accuse falsely and maliciously

chary

(adj.) extremely cautious, hesitant or slow; reserved

collusion

(n.) secret agreement or cooperation

dilettante

(n.) a dabbler in the arts; one who engages in an activity in an ameteurish, trifling way; (adj.) superficial

imperturbable

(adj.) not easily excited; emotionally steady

increment

(n.) an enlargement, increase, addition

mandate

(n.) an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; (v.) to issue such an order

paltry

(adj.) trifling, insignificant; mean, despicable; inferior, trashy

paroxysm

(n.) a sudden outburst; a spasm, convulsion

pedantry

(n.) a pretentious display of knowledge; overly rigid attention to rules and details

peregrination

(n.) the act or traveling ; an excursion, especially on foot or to a foreign country

redolent

(adj.) fragrant, smelling strongly; tending to arouse memories or create an aura

refulgent

(adj.) shining, radiant, resplendent

shibboleth

(n.) a word, expression, or custom that distinguishes a particular group of persons from all others, a commonplace saying or truism

tyro

(n.) a beginner, novice; one with little or no background or skill

unremitting

(adj.) not stopping, maintained steadily, never letting up, relentless

vacillate

(v.) to swing indecisively from one idea or course of action to another; to waver weakly in mind or will

vituperative

(adj.) harshly abusive, severely scolding

askance

(adj.) with suspicion, distrust, or disapproval

attenuate

(v.) to make thin or slender; to weaken or lessen in force, intensity, or value

benign

(adj.) gentle, kind; forgiving, understanding; having a favorable or beneficial effect; not malignant

cavil

(v.) to find fault in a petty way, carp; (n.) a trivial objection or criticism

charlatan

(n.) one who feigns knowledge or ability; a pretender, impostor, or quack

decimate

(v.) to kill or destroy a large part of

foible

(n.) a weak point, failing, minor flaw

forgo

(v.) to do without, abstain from, give up

fraught

(adj.) full of or loaded with; accompanied by

inure

(v.) to toughen, harden; to render used to something by long subjection or exposure

luminous

(adj.) emitting or reflecting light, glowing; illuminating

obsequious

(adj.) marked by slavish attentiveness; excessively submissive

obtuse

(adj.) blunt, not coming to a point; slow or dull in understanding; not causing a sharp impression

oscillate

(v.) to swing back and forth with a steady rhythm; to fluctuate or waver

penitent

(adj.) regretful for one's sins or mistakes. (n.) one who is sorry for wrongdoing

peremptory

(adj.) having the nature of a command that leaves no opportunity for debate, denial, or refusal

rebuff

(v.) to snub; to repel, drive away; (n.) a curt rejection, a check

reconnoiter

(v.) to engage in reconnaissance; to make a preliminary inspection

shambles

(n.) a slaughterhouse; a place of mass bloodshed; a state of complete disorder and confusion

sporadic

(adj.) occurring at irregular intervals, having no set plan or order

abrogate

(v.) to repeal, cancel, declare null and void

ambient

(adj.) completely surrounding, encompassing

asperity

(n.) roughness, severity; bitterness or tartness

burnish

(v.) to make smooth or glossy by rubbing, polish; (n.) gloss, brightness, luster

cabal

(n.) a small group working in secret

delectable

(adj.) delightful, highly enjoyable,; deliciously flavored, savory; (n.) an appealing or appetizing food

deprecate

(v.) to express mild disapproval; to belittle

detritus

(n.) loose bits and pieces of material resulting from disintegration or wearing away; fragments that result from any destruction

ebullient

(adj.) overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling

eclectic

(adj.) drawn from different sources; (n.) one whose beliefs are drawn from various sources

flaccid

(adj.) limp, not firm; lacking vigor or effectiveness

impecunious

(adj.) having little or no money

inexorable

(adj.) inflexible, beyond influence; relentless, unyielding

moribund

(adj.) dying, on the way out

necromancer

((n.) one who claims to reveal or influence the future through magic

onerous

(adj.) burdensome; involving hardship or difficulty

rife

(adj.) common, prevalent, widespread, happening often; full, abounding; plentiful, abundant

rudiments

(n.) the parts of any subject that are learned first; the earliest stages of anything

sequester

(v.) to set apart, separate for a special purpose; to take possession of and hold in custody

winnow

(v.) to get rid of something unwanted, delete; to sift through to obtain what is desirable; to blow on, fan

aesthetic

(adj.) pertaining to beauty; sensitive or responsive to beauty

defunct

(adj.) no longer in existence or functioning, dead

discomfit

(v.) to frustrate, thrawt, or defeat; to confuse, perplex, or embarrass

espouse

(v.) to take up and support; to become attatched to, adopt; to marry

fetish

(n.) an object believed to have magical powers; an object of unreasoning devotion or reverence

gregarious

(adj.) living together in a herd or group; sociable, seeking the company of others

hapless

(adj.) marked by a persistent absence of good luck

impeccable

(adj.) faultless, beyond criticism or blame

importune

(v.) to trouble with demands; to beg for insistently

interpolate

(v.) to insert between other parts or things; to present as an addition or correction

irreparable

(adj.) incapable or being repaired or rectified

laconic

(adj.) concise, using few words

languish

(v.) to become weak, feeble, or dull; to droop; to be depressed or dispirited; to suffer neglect

mendacious

(adj.) given to lying or deception; untrue

nadir

(n.) the lowest point

omnipresent

(adj.) present in all places at all times

perfunctory

(adj.) done in a superficial or halfhearted manner; without interest or enthusiasm

plaintive

(adj.) expressive of sorrow or woe, melancholy

requite

(v.) to make suitable repayment, as for a kindness, service, or favor; to make retaliation, as for an injury or wrong; to reciprocate

tantamount

(adj.) equivalent, having the same meaning, value, or effect

abstruse

(adj.) extremely difficult to understand

affront

(n.) an open or intentional insult; a slight; (v.) to insult to one's face; to face in defiance , confront

canard

(n.) a false rumor, fabricated story

captious

(adj.) excessively ready to find fault; given to petty criticism; intended to trap, confuse, or show up

cognizant

(adj.) aware, knowledgeable, informed; having jurisdiction

contrite

(adj.) regretful for some misdeed or sin; plagued by a sense of guilt

cynosure

(n.) the center of attraction, attention, or interest; something that serves to guide or direct

decorous

(adj.) well behaved, dignified, socially proper

deign

(v.) to think it appropriate or suitable to one's dignity to do something

desiccated

(adj.) thoroughly dried out; arid and uninteresting

efficacy

(n.) the power to produce a desired result

engender

(v.) to bring into existence, give rise to, produce; to come into existence

ethereal

(adj.) light, airy, delicate; highly refined; suggesting what is heavenly

facade

(n.) the front of a building; a surface appearance

ghoulish

(adj.) revolting in an unnatural or morbid way

incongruous

(adj.) not in keeping, unsuitable, incompatible

machination

(n.) a crafty, scheming, or underhanded action designed to accomplish some end

mesmerize

(v.) to hypnotize, entrance; to fascinate, enthrall, bewitch

opprobrium

(n.) disgrace arising from shameful conduct; contempt, reproach

putative

(adj.) generally regarded as such; reputed; inferred

beatific

(adj.) blissful; rendering or making blessed

behemoth

(n.) a creature of enormous size, power, or appearance

blandishment

(n.) anything designed to flatter or coax; sweet talk, apple-polishing

cacophonous

(adj.) harsh-sounding, raucous, discordant, dissonant

chicanery

(n.) trickery, deceptive practices or tactices, double-dealing

consign

(v.) to give over to another's care, charge, or control; to entrust, deliver; to set apart for a special use

coup

(n.) a highly successful stroke, masterstroke, tour de force, act, plan, or stratagem; a sudden takeover of power or leadership

euphemism

(n.) a mild or inoffensive expression used in place of harsh or unpleasant one; a substitute

fenrile

(adj.) feverish; pertaining to or marked by fever; frenetic

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